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Great Britain's Vickers 6 Ton Light Tank

Photos

Vickers 6 Ton Type A light tank:
Great Britain's Vickers Armstrong 6-ton Type A
Royal Armored Corps Tank Museum

Design

The Vickers 6 Ton tanks were built as a private venture. The British Army did confiscate the ones that had been ordered by overseas customers and couldn't be delivered because of the events in the war.

The suspension was double bogies with leaf springs. Had a firewall between the crew and engine compartments. Designed with an internal communication system (Laryngophone) for communication between the crew.,7

Engine was at rear with drive sprocket in front with the steering being by clutch and brake.

Production

  • Vickers 6 Ton:
    • Production: 1939

Variants

  • Vickers 6 Ton Type A: Had 2 turrets with MGs.
  • Vickers 6 Ton Type B: Had 1 turret. Used as training vehicle only.
    Appeared in 1930.
    Had same armor and armament as the Medium Mark III then being produced by the British Army, but was cheaper and lighter.
  • Vickers 6 Ton Type F:
    Like the Type B but with a new turret with an extension that contained a Marconi Type G2A radio.

Usage

In 1930s these were purchased by Bolivia, Bulgaria, China, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Japan, Poland, Portugal, Soviet Union, and Thailand. Ones that were in the United Kingdom were used for training.

Spanish Civil War

Bolivia supplied the Spanish Republican forces with one Vickers 6-Ton tank.

Purchased by Finland

Finland bought Type Bs with 37 mm Bofors and a 7.92 machine gun.

Purchased by China

China was supplied in 1935-1936 with the 6 Ton Mk F.

Specifications

  Vickers 6 Ton
Crew Commander, gunner, driver
3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 15,680 lb
7 tons
7,115 kg
Length 15'
4.57 m
Height 6' 10"
2.08 m
Width 7' 11"
2.42 m
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 47 mm
Secondary  
MG - coaxial 1: MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 50
Secondary  
MG 4,000
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 13
Hull Front, Upper 17
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom 5
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Armstrong Siddeley
Cylinders 4
Net HP 87
Transmission  
Fuel Type Gasoline
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 20 mph
32 kph
Speed - Cross Country 14 mph
Range - Road 124 miles, 125 miles
200 km
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth 3'
Trench crossing 6'
Vertical Obstacle 2' 6"
Suspension (Type) Box bogie and leaf spring
Wheels each side 8
Return rollers each side 4
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 8"
Track centers/tread 7'
  Vickers 6 Ton Type A
Crew Commander, gunner, driver
3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 7 tons, 7.2 tons
Length 15'
Height 6' 10"
Width 7' 11"
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 2: 7.7 mm Vickers MG
2: MGs
2: Vickers .303 MG OR
Vickers .303 MG and .5 MG
2: Vickers MG in 2 turrets
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 5 - 8 - 14
13
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Armstrong-Siddeley
Cylinders 8
Net HP 90
Transmission  
Fuel Type  
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 22 mph
Speed - Cross Country 15 mph
Range - Road  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  
  Vickers 6 Ton Type B
Crew Commander, gunner, driver.
3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 15,680 lb
7.4 tons, 8 tons
Length 15'
Height 7' 2"
Width 7' 11"
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 3 pdr (47 mm)
47 mm QFSA
47 mm
Secondary  
MG .303 cal Vickers MG
7.92 mm MG OR 8 mm MG
MG, coaxial
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 50
Secondary  
MG 4,000
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 5, 17
5 - 8 - 14
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Armstrong Siddeley
Cylinders 8
Net HP 90
Transmission  
Fuel Type  
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 22 mph
Speed - Cross Country 14 mph, 15 mph
Range - Road 100 miles
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth 3'
Trench crossing 6'
Vertical Obstacle 2' 6"
Suspension (Type) Box bogie and leaf spring.
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 8"
Track centers/tread 7'

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. British and American Tanks of World War Two, The Complete Illustrated History of British, American, and Commonwealth Tanks 1933-1945, Peter Chamberlain and Chris Ellis, 1969
  3. World War Two Tanks, George Forty, 1995
  4. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  5. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  6. Atlas of Tank Warfare From 1916 to the Present Day, Dr. Stephen Hart, 2012
  7. World War I and II Tanks, George Forty, 2012
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site