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Great Britain's Vickers 6 Ton Light Tank

Photos

Vickers 6 Ton Type A light tank:
Great Britain's Vickers Armstrong 6-ton Type A
Royal Armored Corps Tank Museum

Design

The Vickers 6 Ton tanks were built as a private venture.3,5 The British Army did confiscate the ones that had been ordered by overseas customers and couldn't be delivered because of the events in the war.1

The suspension was double bogies with leaf springs.1 Had a firewall between the crew and engine compartments.1 Designed with an internal communication system (Laryngophone) for communication between the crew.1,7

Engine was at rear with drive sprocket in front with the steering being by clutch and brake.5

Production

  • Vickers 6 Ton:
    • Production: 1939

Variants

  • Vickers 6 Ton Type A: Had 2 turrets with MGs.3
  • Vickers 6 Ton Type B: Had 1 turret.3 Used as training vehicle only.
    Appeared in 1930.5
    Had same armor and armament as the Medium Mark III then being produced by the British Army, but was cheaper and lighter.5
  • Vickers 6 Ton Type F:
    Like the Type B but with a new turret with an extension that contained a Marconi Type G2A radio.4

Usage

In 1930s these were purchased by Bolivia3,7, Bulgaria3,7, China3,7, Estonia, Finland3,7, Greece3,7, Japan, Poland3,7, Portugal7, Soviet Union3,7, and Thailand3,7.5 Ones that were in the United Kingdom were used for training.1

Spanish Civil War

Bolivia supplied the Spanish Republican forces with one Vickers 6-Ton tank.6

Purchased by Finland

Finland bought Type Bs with 37 mm Bofors and a 7.92 machine gun.4

Purchased by China

China was supplied in 1935-1936 with the 6 Ton Mk F.4

Specifications

  Vickers 6 Ton
Crew Commander, gunner, driver
31,7
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 15,680 lb
7 tons1,7
7,115 kg1,7
Length 15'1,7
4.57 m1,7
Height 6' 10"1,7
2.08 m1,7
Width 7' 11"1,7
2.42 m1,7
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 47 mm7
Secondary  
MG - coaxial 1: MG7
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 50
Secondary  
MG 4,000
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 137
Hull Front, Upper 17
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom 5
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Armstrong Siddeley1,7
Cylinders 47
Net HP 877
Transmission  
Fuel Type Gasoline7
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 20 mph1,7
32 kph1,7
Speed - Cross Country 14 mph
Range - Road 124 miles7, 125 miles1
200 km1,7
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth 3'
Trench crossing 6'
Vertical Obstacle 2' 6"
Suspension (Type) Box bogie and leaf spring
Wheels each side 81
Return rollers each side 41
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 8"
Track centers/tread 7'
  Vickers 6 Ton Type A
Crew Commander, gunner, driver5
34,5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 7 tons4, 7.2 tons5
Length 15'4
Height 6' 10"4
Width 7' 11"4
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 2: 7.7 mm Vickers MG1
2: MGs3
2: Vickers .303 MG4 OR
Vickers .303 MG4 and .5 MG4
2: Vickers MG in 2 turrets5
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 5 - 8 - 144
135
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Armstrong-Siddeley4,5
Cylinders 85
Net HP 905
Transmission  
Fuel Type  
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 22 mph4,5
Speed - Cross Country 15 mph5
Range - Road  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  
  Vickers 6 Ton Type B
Crew Commander, gunner, driver.2
32,4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 15,680 lb2
7.4 tons5, 8 tons4
Length 15'2,4
Height 7' 2"2,4
Width 7' 11"2,4
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 3 pdr (47 mm)1
47 mm QFSA2
47 mm3,4,5
Secondary  
MG .303 cal Vickers MG2,4
7.92 mm MG4 OR 8 mm MG4
MG, coaxial5
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 502
Secondary  
MG 4,0002
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 52, 172,5
5 - 8 - 144
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Armstrong Siddeley2,4,5
Cylinders 85
Net HP 905
Transmission  
Fuel Type  
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse 360°2
Speed - Road 22 mph2,4,5
Speed - Cross Country 14 mph2, 15 mph5
Range - Road 100 miles2
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth 3'2
Trench crossing 6'2
Vertical Obstacle 2' 6"2
Suspension (Type) Box bogie and leaf spring.2
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 8"2
Track centers/tread 7'2

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. British and American Tanks of World War Two, The Complete Illustrated History of British, American, and Commonwealth Tanks 1933-1945, Peter Chamberlain and Chris Ellis, 1969
  3. World War Two Tanks, George Forty, 1995
  4. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  5. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  6. Atlas of Tank Warfare From 1916 to the Present Day, Dr. Stephen Hart, 2012
  7. World War I and II Tanks, George Forty, 2012
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site