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Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine III

Photos

Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine III:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine III
©IWM

Design

The Valentine Mk III was the same as the Valentine Mk II but had the turret modified to add a loader.

Variants

  • Valentine Mk III:
  • Valentine Mk III CS: Had 3" howitzer installed in the turret. Carried 21 HE and 14 smoke shells.

Usage

New Zealand received nine Valentine Mk III CS and 16 regular Valentines. Some were still in use in 1955.

Specifications

  Valentine Mk III
Crew Commander, gunner, driver, loader
3, 4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 38,918 lb, 39,000 lb
17,272 kg, 17,690 kg
7 tons, 16 tons
Length 17' 9", 17' 11", 19' 4"
5.89 m, 5.41 m, 5.46 m
Height 7' 5.5", 7' 6"
2.273 m, 2.1 m
Width 8' 7.5", 8' 8", 8' 9"
2.63 m, 2.62 m, 2.629 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 0.42 m
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 5.97 psi
0.72 (kg/cm2)
Turret ring diameter  
Armament (mm)  
Main 1: 2 pdr (40 mm)
1: 40 mm L/52
1: 2 pdr OQF Mk IX or X, L/52
Secondary  
MG 1: 7.92 mm Besa MG,
1: MG
MG - coaxial 1: 7.62 mm MG
1: 7.92 mm Besa MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 52
Secondary  
MG 3,150
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 8 - 65, 8, 65
Hull Front, Upper 60
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 60
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 60
Hull Top 10-20
Hull Bottom 7-20
Turret Front 65
Turret Sides 60
Turret Rear 65
Turret Top 10-20
Engine (Make / Model)

AEC A190, AEC

Bore / stroke  
Cooling water
Cylinders 6
Capacity  
Net HP 131
135 @ 1,900 rpm
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 5 forward, 1 reverse
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel
Octane  
Capacity 36 gallons
255 liters
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 14.9 mph, 15 mph
24 kph, 26.1 kph
Speed - Cross Country 8 mph
12.9 kph
Range - Road 90 miles
112 km, 145 km
Turning radius 7.9 m
Elevation limits -5° to +20°
Fording depth 3'
0.91 m, 0.914 m
Trench crossing 7' 6", 7' 9"
2.286 m
Vertical obstacle 2' 9"
0.838 m
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Coil Springs
Wheels each side 6
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 365 mm
14"
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 7' 3"

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Panzer Truppen The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1933-1942, Thomas L. Jentz, 1996
  3. The Royal Armoured Corps Tank Museum, Tanks 1919-1939 The Inter War Period, 1966
  4. British and American Tanks of World War Two, The Complete Illustrated History of British, American, and Commonwealth Tanks 1933-1945, Peter Chamberlain and Chris Ellis, 1969
  5. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  6. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  7. AFV 6: Valentine Mark III, B.T. White
  8. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  9. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site