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Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine III

Photos

Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine III:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine III
©IWM

Design

The Valentine Mk III was the same as the Valentine Mk II but had the turret modified to add a loader.7,8

Variants

  • Valentine Mk III:
  • Valentine Mk III CS: Had 3" howitzer installed in the turret.7 Carried 21 HE and 14 smoke shells.7

Usage

New Zealand received nine Valentine Mk III CS and 16 regular Valentines.7 Some were still in use in 1955.7

Specifications

  Valentine Mk III
Crew Commander, gunner, driver, loader 4
31,2,4,6,9, 43,4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 38,918 lb9, 39,000 lb4,6
17,272 kg1, 17,690 kg6,9
7 tons1,3, 16 tons2
Length 17' 9"4,6,9, 17' 11"3, 19' 4"1
5.89 m1, 5.41 m6,9, 5.46 m2
Height 7' 5.5"4,6,9, 7' 6"1,3
2.273 m1,6,9, 2.1 m2
Width 8' 7.5"4,6,9, 8' 8"1, 8' 9"3
2.63 m1, 2.62 m2, 2.629 m6,9
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 0.42 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 5.97 psi
0.72 (kg/cm2)2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament (mm)  
Main 1: 2 pdr (40 mm)1,3,5,6
1: 40 mm L/522
1: 2 pdr OQF Mk IX or X, L/52
Secondary  
MG 1: 7.92 mm Besa MG1,
1: MG2
MG - coaxial 1: 7.62 mm MG9
1: 7.92 mm Besa MG3
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 522
Secondary  
MG 3,1502
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 8 - 651,6,9, 84, 653,4
Hull Front, Upper 602
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 602
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 602
Hull Top 10-202
Hull Bottom 7-202
Turret Front 652
Turret Sides 602
Turret Rear 652
Turret Top 10-202
Engine (Make / Model)

AEC A190, AEC2,3,6,9

Bore / stroke  
Cooling water2
Cylinders 62
Capacity  
Net HP 1313,6,9
1352 @ 1,900 rpm2
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 5 forward2, 1 reverse2
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel2,3
Octane  
Capacity 36 gallons3
255 liters2
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°4
Speed - Road 14.9 mph1, 15 mph3,4,6,9
24 kph1,6,9, 26.1 kph2
Speed - Cross Country 8 mph4,6
12.9 kph6
Range - Road 90 miles1,4,6,9
112 km2, 145 km1,6,9
Turning radius 7.9 m2
Elevation limits -5° to +20°4
Fording depth 3'3,4,6,9
0.91 m2, 0.914 m6,9
Trench crossing 7' 6"4,6,9, 7' 9"3
2.286 m6,9
Vertical obstacle 2' 9"4,6,9
0.838 m6,9
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Coil Springs2
Wheels each side 62
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 365 mm2
14"4
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 7' 3"4

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Panzer Truppen The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1933-1942, Thomas L. Jentz, 1996
  3. The Royal Armoured Corps Tank Museum, Tanks 1919-1939 The Inter War Period, 1966
  4. British and American Tanks of World War Two, The Complete Illustrated History of British, American, and Commonwealth Tanks 1933-1945, Peter Chamberlain and Chris Ellis, 1969
  5. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  6. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  7. AFV 6: Valentine Mark III, B.T. White
  8. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  9. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site