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Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II

Photos

Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II on exercise in the United Kingdom in August 1941:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II on exercise in the United Kingdom in August 1941
©IWM
Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II of the 50th Royal Tank Regiment near Mareth Line, March 1943:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II, 50th Royal Tank Regiment near Mareth Line, March 1943
©IWM
Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II
©IWM
Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II, of the 48th Royal Tanks, 21st Army Tank Brigade in Suffolk in June 1941:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II, of the 48th Royal Tanks, 21st Army Tank Brigade in Suffolk in June 1941
©IWM

Design

There was a periscope in the turret roof for the commander. The gunner had a Vickers tank periscope in the turret roof. He also had a Telescope Sighting No. 30 Mk I or Mk IA. There were two Vickers periscopes on the room of the hull for the driver.

Variants

  • Valentine II, Mk II*: (with 75 mm) As Mk I with AEC diesel 131hp. Those used in desert were fitted with long range fuel tanks and sand shields.

Specifications

  Valentine Mk II
Crew Driver, commander, gunner
3
Radio Wireless Set No. 11, Wireless Set No. 19
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 16 tons, 17 tons
16,000 kg
Length w/gun 17' 9", 19' 4"
5.89 m
Length w/o gun 17' 9"
5.41 m
Height 7' 5.5", 7' 6"
2.27 m, 2.29 m
Width 8' 7.5", 8' 8"
2.63 m, 2.64 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament (mm)  
Main 40 mm OQF 2 pdr Mk IX or X
2 pdr OQF Mk IX or X, L/52
2 pdr
1: 2 pdr (40 mm) OQF
Secondary  
MG 0.303" Bren MG, AA
MG - coaxial 1: 7.92 mm Besa MG
Side arms 2" Smoke discharger
Quantity  
Main 60
Secondary  
MG Besa: 3,150
Bren: 600
Side arms Smoke bombs: 18
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 30@68°
Hull Front, Lower 60@21°
Hull Sides, Upper 60@0°
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front 65
Turret Sides 60
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) A.E.C. Type A 190, AEC, AEC Comet
Bore / stroke 120 mm / 142 mm
Cooling  
Cylinders I-6, 6
Capacity  
Net HP 131, 131@1,800 rpm
Power to weight ratio 8.1 hp/ton
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Meadows Type No. 22, sliding pinion, 5 forward, reverse
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel
Octane  
Capacity 36 gallons
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 15 mph
24 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 90 miles
145 km
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 3'
Trench crossing 7' 9"
Vertical obstacle 3'
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Slow motion with 2 groups of 3 bogies
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side 3
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 14"
Diameter  
Number of links 103
Pitch 4.36"
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 7' 3"

Sources:

  1. Western Allied Tanks 1939-45, David Porter, 2009
  2. The Royal Armoured Corps Tank Museum, Tanks 1919-1939 The Inter War Period, 1966
  3. AFV 6: Valentine Mark III, B.T. White
  4. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  5. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  6. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site