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Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II

Photos

Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II on exercise in the United Kingdom in August 1941:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II on exercise in the United Kingdom in August 1941
©IWM
Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II of the 50th Royal Tank Regiment near Mareth Line, March 1943:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II, 50th Royal Tank Regiment near Mareth Line, March 1943
©IWM
Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II
©IWM
Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II, of the 48th Royal Tanks, 21st Army Tank Brigade in Suffolk in June 1941:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II, of the 48th Royal Tanks, 21st Army Tank Brigade in Suffolk in June 1941
©IWM

Design

There was a periscope in the turret roof for the commander.3 The gunner had a Vickers tank periscope in the turret roof.3 He also had a Telescope Sighting No. 30 Mk I or Mk IA.3 There were two Vickers periscopes on the room of the hull for the driver.3

Variants

  • Valentine II, Mk II*: (with 75 mm) As Mk I with AEC diesel4 131hp. Those used in desert were fitted with long range fuel tanks and sand shields.

Specifications

  Valentine Mk II
Crew Driver, commander, gunner3
31,3
Radio Wireless Set No. 111, Wireless Set No. 193
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 16 tons3, 17 tons1
16,000 kg
Length w/gun 17' 9"3, 19' 4"1
5.89 m1
Length w/o gun 17' 9"3
5.41 m
Height 7' 5.5"3, 7' 6"1
2.27 m, 2.29 m1
Width 8' 7.5"3, 8' 8"1
2.63 m, 2.64 m1
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament (mm)  
Main 40 mm OQF 2 pdr Mk IX or X3
2 pdr OQF Mk IX or X, L/52
2 pdr2,3,5,6
1: 2 pdr (40 mm) OQF1
Secondary  
MG 0.303" Bren MG, AA3
MG - coaxial 1: 7.92 mm Besa MG1,2,3
Side arms 2" Smoke discharger3
Quantity  
Main 603
Secondary  
MG Besa: 3,1503
Bren: 6003
Side arms Smoke bombs: 183
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 30@68°3
Hull Front, Lower 60@21°3
Hull Sides, Upper 60@0°3
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front 653
Turret Sides 603
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) A.E.C. Type A 1903, AEC1,2, AEC Comet3
Bore / stroke 120 mm3 / 142 mm3
Cooling  
Cylinders I-63, 61
Capacity  
Net HP 1311,2, 131@1,800 rpm3
Power to weight ratio 8.1 hp/ton3
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Meadows Type No. 22, sliding pinion, 5 forward, reverse3
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel1,2,3
Octane  
Capacity 36 gallons3
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 15 mph1,3
24 kph1
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 90 miles1,3
145 km1
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 3'3
Trench crossing 7' 9"3
Vertical obstacle 3'3
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Slow motion with 2 groups of 3 bogies3
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side 33
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 14"3
Diameter  
Number of links 1033
Pitch 4.36"3
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 7' 3"3

Sources:

  1. Western Allied Tanks 1939-45, David Porter, 2009
  2. The Royal Armoured Corps Tank Museum, Tanks 1919-1939 The Inter War Period, 1966
  3. AFV 6: Valentine Mark III, B.T. White
  4. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  5. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  6. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site