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Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk I, Valentine I

Photos

Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk I, 23rd Hussars, 11th Armored Division, on exercise in United Kingdom, August 1941:
Britian's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk I, 23rd Hussars, 11th Armored Division, on exercise in United Kingdom, August 1941
©IWM
Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk I or Valentine Mk II of the Polish forces in Scotland in August 1941:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk I or Valentine Mk II of the Polish forces in Scotland in August 1941
©IWM

Design

AEC gasoline 6 cylinder 135 hp. 2 pdr and coaxial Besa MG in a two man turret.

Specifications

  Valentine Mk I
Crew Commander, gunner, driver
3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 16 tons, 17 tons
Length 5.46 m
Height 2.1 m
Width 2.62 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 0.42 m
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.72 (kg/cm2)
Turret ring diameter  
Armament (mm)  
Main 2 pdr QFSA
2 pdr
40 mm L/52
Secondary  
MG MG
MG - coaxial 7.92 mm Besa
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 52
Secondary  
MG 3,150
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 8 - 65
Hull Front, Upper 60
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 60
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 60
Hull Top 10-20
Hull Bottom 7-20
Turret Front 65
Turret Sides 60
Turret Rear 65
Turret Top 10-20
Engine (Make / Model)

AEC

Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water
Cylinders 6
Capacity  
Net HP 131, 135, 135@1,900 rpm
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 5 forward, 1 reverse
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Diesel
Octane  
Capacity 255 liters
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 15 mph
26.1 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 90 miles
112 km
Turning radius 7.9 m
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 0.91 m
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Coil Springs
Wheels each side 6
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 365 mm
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread Rubber
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Royal Armoured Corps Tank Museum, Tanks 1919-1939 The Inter War Period, 1966
  2. AFV 6: Valentine Mark III, B.T. White
  3. Panzer Truppen The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1943-1945, Thomas L. Jentz, 1996-
  4. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  5. The Royal Armoured Corps Tank Museum, 1956
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site