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Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk I, Valentine I

Photos

Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk I, 23rd Hussars, 11th Armored Division, on exercise in United Kingdom, August 1941:
Britian's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk I, 23rd Hussars, 11th Armored Division, on exercise in United Kingdom, August 1941
©IWM
Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk I or Valentine Mk II of the Polish forces in Scotland in August 1941:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk I or Valentine Mk II of the Polish forces in Scotland in August 1941
©IWM

Design

AEC gasoline4 6 cylinder 135 hp. 2 pdr and coaxial Besa MG in a two man turret.4

Specifications

  Valentine Mk I
Crew Commander, gunner, driver
32,3,5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 16 tons3, 17 tons5
Length 5.46 m3
Height 2.1 m3
Width 2.62 m3
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 0.42 m3
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.72 (kg/cm2)3
Turret ring diameter  
Armament (mm)  
Main 2 pdr QFSA5
2 pdr2
40 mm L/523
Secondary  
MG MG3
MG - coaxial 7.92 mm Besa1,2,5
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 523
Secondary  
MG 3,1503
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 8 - 655
Hull Front, Upper 603
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 603
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 603
Hull Top 10-203
Hull Bottom 7-203
Turret Front 653
Turret Sides 603
Turret Rear 653
Turret Top 10-203
Engine (Make / Model)

AEC1,2,3,5

Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water3
Cylinders 63
Capacity  
Net HP 1315, 1351, 135@1,900 rpm3
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 5 forward3, 1 reverse3
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline1,2
Diesel3
Octane  
Capacity 255 liters3
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 15 mph5
26.1 kph3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 90 miles5
112 km3
Turning radius 7.9 m3
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 0.91 m3
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Coil Springs3
Wheels each side 63
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 365 mm3
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread Rubber3
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Royal Armoured Corps Tank Museum, Tanks 1919-1939 The Inter War Period, 1966
  2. AFV 6: Valentine Mark III, B.T. White
  3. Panzer Truppen The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1943-1945, Thomas L. Jentz, 1996-
  4. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  5. The Royal Armoured Corps Tank Museum, 1956
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site