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Great Britain's A43 Black Prince infantry tank

Photos

A43 Black Prince infantry tank:
Great Britain's A43 Black Prince infantry tank
Royal Armored Corps Tank Museum

Design

In September 1941 the General Staff issued requirements to have infantry tanks have high velocity guns installed.13 The Churchill 3" Gun Carrier was developed and not much other design work was done.13 No other progress was made and it was thought that Churchill production would end in late 1942 once Cromwell production was in full stride.13 However, in late 1943 Vauxhall was asked to design a Churchill with a 17 pdr.1,13

It was a wider Churchill Mk VII with stronger and wider tracks and suspension.1,12,13,14 Work started in January 1944 and 6 pilots12 were built with testing occurring in May 1945.1,13

Initially nicknamed the "Super Churchill" but was renamed the Black Prince.1,14 Only six prototypes were made, and the project was dropped because the Centurion A41 was available.1,13,14

Air intakes were placed on top of the hull.1 The hull MG had a telescope that was used for firing.1 Used a No. 19 radio.1

Production

  • Black Prince, A43: 612,14
    • Manufacturer: Vauxhall12

Specifications

 
Black Prince (A43)
Crew Commander, driver, gunner, loader, co-driver/hull gunner.3
51,3,4,12,14
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 112,000 lb 3
49 tons1, 50 tons4,12,13,14
49,786 kg1 , 50,802 kg12,14
Length 25' 6"1, 28' 11"3,4,12,14
7.7 m1, 8.81 m12,14
Height 9'1,3,4,12,14
2.7 m1, 2.74 m12,14
Width 11' 3"1,3,12,14, 11' 3.5"4
3.4 m1, 3.43 m12,14
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 76 mm (17 pdr)1
17 pdr OQF3
17 pdr4,12,14
Secondary  
MG 2: 7.92 mm Besa MG1,3,12
2: 7.92 mm / 0.312" Besa MG14
2: MG4
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 18 - 1521, 25 - 1524,5, 253, 1523,12,14
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Bedford Flat 121
Bedford Twin3
Bedford4,7,12,14
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders 2x63,7, 1212,14
Capacity  
Net HP 3503,4,7,12,14
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Merrit-Brown1
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical System  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline12,14
Octane  
Quantity  
Fuel consumption road  
Fuel consumption cross country  
Performance  
Traverse 360°3
Speed - Road 11 mph1,3,4,12,13,14
17.7 kph1, 18 kph12,14
Speed - Cross Country 7 mph3
Range - Road 80 miles3, 100 miles1,12,14
160.93 km1, 161 km12,14
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 3' 4" unprepared.3
Trench crossing 10'3
Vertical obstacle 2' 6"3
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)

Sprung bogies.3

Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 24"3
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Panzer Truppen The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1943-1945, Thomas L. Jentz, 1996
  3. British and American Tanks of World War Two, The Complete Illustrated History of British, American, and Commonwealth Tanks 1933-1945, Peter Chamberlain and Chris Ellis, 1969
  4. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  5. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  6. -
  7. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  8. Battle Winning Tanks, Aircraft & Warships of World War II, David Miller, 2000
  9. AFV 1: Churchill, B.I.T. Mk IV, B.T. White
  10. Tank Data, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, 1968?
  11. Tank Data 2, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, E. J. Hoffschmidt and W. H. Tantum IV, 1969
  12. The Illustrated Guide to Tanks of the World, George Forty, 2006
  13. AFV 1, Churchill, B.I.T. Mk IV, B.T. White
  14. World War I and II Tanks, George Forty, 2012
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