World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
Great Britain's flag

Great Britain's Infantry Tank, A.38, Valiant

Photos

Infantry Tank, A38, Valiant:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank, A38, Valiant
Royal Armored Corps Tank Museum

Design

Vickers proposed improving the Valentine tank in 1943. It would be patterned after the Valentine as much as possible and have a bigger 3 man turret.

To speed up production the road wheels were made the same size. Vickers gave the design to Birmingham Carriage & Wagon who then passed it on to Ruston & Hornby. The pilot was completed in mid-1944.

One model had a GMC engine with an AEC gearbox and the other a Rolls-Royce Meteor engine and gearbox. The Meteorite engine could take diesel or petrol.

The turret was 2 casts bolted together. The front of the hull was also made of castings.

Only reached prototype stage as the war was close to ending.

Variants

  • Valiant: Had GM diesel engine.
  • Valiant II: Had Ford V-8 or Rolls-Royce Meteorite (de-rated Merlin) engine.

Specifications

  Infantry Tank, A.38, Valiant
Crew Commander, gunner, loader, driver.
3-4, 4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 60,480 lb
27 tons
27,432 kg, 27,433 kg
Length 17' 7", 18' 4"
5.36 m, 5.57 m
Height 7'
2.13 m
Width 9' 3"
2.8 m, 2.82 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 9.5"
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 6 pdr
75 mm
75 mm OQF
OR 75 mm
75 mm OQF
Secondary  
MG 2: 7.92 mm Besa MG
MG
MG - coaxial 7.7 mm or 7.92 mm Besa MG
Besa MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 10 - 112, 10 - 114
10, 114
Hull Front, Upper 4.5"
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) GMC, GM, General Motors
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP 210
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 12 mph
19 kph, 19.3 kph
Speed - Cross Country 7 mph
Range - Road 80 miles
128.7 km, 129 km
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 3'
Trench crossing 7' 6"
Vertical obstacle 2' 9"
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Independent sprung
Independent sprung bogies for each wheel.
Wheels each side 6
Return rollers each side 3
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter 2'
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. British and American Tanks of World War Two, The Complete Illustrated History of British, American, and Commonwealth Tanks 1933-1945, Peter Chamberlain and Chris Ellis, 1969
  3. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  4. The Illustrated Guide to Tanks of the World, George Forty, 2006
  5. AFV 6: Valentine Mark III, B.T. White
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site