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Great Britain's Sherman Medium Tank

Photos

Sherman Mk III medium tank:
Great Britain's Sherman Mk III medium tank
Royal Armored Corps Tank Museum
Sherman DD medium tank:
Great Britain's Sherman DD medium tank
Royal Armored Corps Tank Museum
Sherman Crab:
Great Britain's Sherman Crab medium tank
Royal Armored Corps Tank Museum
Sherman ARV medium tank:
Great Britain's Sherman ARV medium tank
Royal Armored Corps Tank Museum
Sherman Mk III Die Cast 1/72 Dragon Armor 60309:
Dragon Armor 1/72 Diecast Armor 60309, United Kingdom Sherman Mk III
Sherman Mk III Die Cast 1/72 Dragon Armor 60310:
Dragon 1/72 Diecast Armor 60310, United Kingdom Sherman Mk III
Sherman Firefly Die Cast 1/72 Dragon Armor 60250:
Dragon Diecast 1/72 Armor, 60250 United Kingdom Sherman Firefly
Sherman Firefly Die Cast 1/72 Dragon Armor 60251:
Dragon Diecast 1/72 Armor, 60251 United Kingdom Sherman Firefly
Sherman Firefly Die Cast 1/72 Dragon Armor 60259:
Dragon Armor 60259 Sherman Diecast Model
Sherman Firefly Die Cast 1/72 Dragon Armor 60260:
Dragon Armor, 1/72 Diecast, 60260, German Captured Firefly VC
Sherman V Rocket Die Cast 1/72 Dragon Armor 60307:
Dragon 1/72 Diecast Armor 60307, United Kingdom Sherman Mk V Rocket
Sherman V Rocket Die Cast 1/72 Dragon Armor 60308:
Dragon Armor 1/72 Diecast Armor 60308, United Kingdom Sherman Mk V

Design

Nicknamed Sherman and the name stuck. Major deliveries were of the M4A4.

Duplex Drive (DD)

Nicholas Straussler designed a way for a tank to be converted into an amphibious vehicle.6 By 1943 the first of the Shermans were modified to have a collapsible screen that used 36 air tubes to hold it up.6,7 There was a boat shaped platform welded to the exterior of the hull that the the screen was attached to.6

It took about 15 minutes for a crew to put up the screen and be ready to go into the water.6

There were two propellers that moved the Sherman through the water.6,7 The main steering was done by moving the propellers and there was a rudder that the commander could control.6

Production

  • Sherman VC: Modified by British4
    • Production: 1944 -4
    • Manufacturer: Chrysler4

Variants

  • Sherman I: M4.3
  • Sherman Hybrid I: Late production M4 with a combination cast and rolled hull.3
  • Sherman IB: M4 105 mm.3
  • Sherman IBY: M4 105 mm HVSS, delivered late 1945.
  • Sherman IC
    Sherman II: M4A1.3
  • Sherman IC Firefly:
  • Sherman IIA: M4A1 76mm.3
  • Sherman IIC Firefly: With 17 pdr gun. Was in Normandy landings and only allied tank that could take on Tiger and Panther tanks. Initially issued 1 per troop due to shortage of 17 pdr.
    In June 1944 there was one assigned to each troop of 4 tanks.
  • Sherman Scorpion IV: Scorpion equipment mounted on Sherman II in North Africa in May 1943.
  • Sherman II (M32B1), ARV Mk III: M32 B1 TRV.
  • Sherman III: M4A2.3
  • Sherman IIIA: M4A2 with 76 mm.3
  • Sherman IIIAY: With 76 mm, wet stowage and HVSS. Delivered late 1944.
  • Sherman III, ARV Mk I: With turret removed and fitted with winch and a-frame.
  • Sherman Kangaroo: 8th Army converted 75 Sherman IIIs in Italy. Room for 10 infantry men.
  • Sherman III DD and Sherman V DD: Original conversions adding a screen erected by rubber tubing filled with air. Two propellers drove vehicle at 4 knots.
  • Sherman III DD Mk I and Sherman V DD Mk I: Strengthened top rail.
  • Sherman III DD Mk II: Mk I with small improvements.
  • Sherman III DD Mk III and Sherman IIIAY DD Mk III: American conversions for British. Had HVSS and 76 mm gun. In service late 1945.
  • Sherman IV: M4A3.3
  • Sherman IVA: M4A3 with 76 mm7, wet stowage.1
  • Sherman IVB: M4A3 with a 105 mm.1,3
  • Sherman IVC Firefly: With 17 pdr.1 Had crew of 4.1 The gun was placed on its side and the turret extended.1
  • Sherman V: M4A4.3
  • Sherman VC Firefly: With 17 pdr. Hull MG and gunner deleted to increase ammo storage. Had crew of 4.1
    The 17 pdr's AP shell was 17 lbs and could go 2,980'/sec.4 It could penetrate 6"@30° at 100 yards.4
  • Sherman V (Rocket): Filed modification by Coldstream Guards, Guards Armored Division. Provided twin launchers for 60 lb aircraft rockets on side of Sherman V turret. Modifications not adopted elsewhere.
  • Sherman V, ARV Mk I: With turret removed and fitted with winch and a-frame.
  • Sherman V, ARV Mk II: With dummy turret and dummy gun.
  • Sherman VII: M4A6.3 Few if any delivered to Britain.
  • Sherman VIIC Firefly: With 17 pdr. Had crew of 4.1
  • Sherman Gun Tower: Converted in Italy for towing 17 pdr anti-tank gun.
  • Sherman Badger: M4A2 HVSS fitted with Wasp equipment. Developed in Canada in 1945.
  • Sherman BARV: Modified for deep wading for Normandy landing. Could work in 9' of water. 52 delivered.
  • Sherman Fascine Carrier: 79th Armored Division removed turret and carried 2 or 3 fascines. Not used.
  • Sherman OP/Command/Rear Link: Extra radio equipment.
  • Sherman Twaby Ark: Bridging vehicle similar to Churchill Ark. Used in training.
  • Sherman Octopus: Similar to Ark with longer ramps.
  • Sherman Plymouth: Turret removed to carry Bailey bridge. Used in Italy.
  • Sherman Pram: Flails and rollers carried on 2 rotor arms. Used experimentally only.
  • Sherman Marquis: Flail assembly that could be lifted. Rotor drive engine was carried in compartment where turret was removed.  Originally called Octopus.
  • Sherman Lobster: Similar to Marquis but power was taken from tank engines and turret remained.
  • Sherman Crab: A South African invented the Crab concept.7 The drum was powered by the main engine and had 43 chains attached.6,7 There were discs mounted on the side that could cut barbed wire.6,7 There were screens that helped deflect the flying dust.6
  • Sherman Crab I and Sherman Crab II: Developed in June 1943 and brigade attached to 79th Armored Division. Organized in troops of 5 and were allocated to local commanders. Mk II had a contouring device to better cover rough ground. 6
  • Sherman with CIRD: Identical to Churchill CIRD.
  • Sherman with AMRCR: Similar to Churchill AMRCR.
  • Sherman with Centipede: 12 concrete rollers intended to explode German S mines. Used in limited numbers.
  • Sherman V Adder: Had armored tank at rear of vehicle. Not used.
  • Sherman Salamander: Wasp flame thrower equipment added. Some used inside of dummy barrel. Not used.
  • Sherman Crocodile: 4 converted for American use.

Usage

Saw action with the 8th Army at the Battle of Alamein on Oct 24, 1942.1

Duplex Drive (DD)

The Sherman DDs were first used during the Overlord operation in June 1944.6,7 They were also used in Italy and also during the Rhine River crossings.6

Specifications

  Sherman VC
Crew 42,5, 54
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 32.7 tons2, 34.75 tons5, 34.8 tons4
Length 19.9'4, 25' 6"5
7.77 m2
Height 9'5, 9.3'4
2.74 m2
Width 8.6'4, 8' 8"5
2.67 m2
Ground clearance 17.1"4
0.43 m2
Ground contact length 160"4
Ground pressure 13.1 psi4
0.96 (kg/cm2)2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 76.2 mm2
17 pdr (3") Mk IV, L/604
17 pdr MK IV QF5
Secondary  
MG 2: MG2
MG - coaxial 1: .30 cal MG4
1: .30 cal Browning MG5
MG - antiaircraft 1: .50 cal MG4
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 772,5, 784
Secondary  
MG 6,1702
.30 cal: 5,0004
.50 cal: 5004
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 3"5
Front: 2"@46°4
Side: 1.5"4
Hull Front, Upper 50.82
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 38.12
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 38.12
Hull Top 192
Hull Bottom 12.7-25.42
Turret Front 3"4
Mantlet: 1"4
76.2-88.92
Turret Sides 2"4
50.82
Turret Rear 50.82
Turret Top 25.42
Engine (Make / Model) Chrysler2
5: Chrysler A-574
Chrysler A57 multi-bank5
Cooling Water2,4
Cylinders 302
5x64
Net HP 425@2,850 rpm2
430@2,500 rpm4
Transmission Synchromesh4,5
5 forward, 1 reverse4
Steering Controlled differential4,5
Starter Electric4
Electrical System 24 volt4
Ignition Magneto4
Fuel (Type) Gasoline2,4
Octane  
Capacity 150 gallons4, 160 gallons5
606 liters2
Fuel consumption - Road 0.6 mpg4
Fuel consumption - Cross country  
Power to weight ratio  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 22.25 mph5, 25 mph4
40.2 kph2
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 161 km2
Range - Cross Country 120 miels4
Turning Radius 21 m2
Elevation Limits -5° to + 20.5°5
Fording depth 40"4
1.07 m2
Trench crossing 8'4
Vertical Obstacle 2'4
Climbing ability 31° (60%) slope4
Suspension (Type) Volute Springs2
Vertical volute springs4
Wheels each side 62
3 bogies of 2 wheels each4
Return rollers each side 34
Tracks (Type) Dry pin, double pin per shoe, rubber cleat4
Length  
Width 16.6"4
420 mm2
Number of links 834
Pitch 6"4
Tire tread Rubber2
Track centers/tread 6.9'4
  Sherman Crab
Crew 57
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 70,000 lb7
31,818 kg7
Length 27'7
8.23 m7
Height 9'7
2.7 m7
Width 11' 6"7
3.5 m7
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 75 mm7
Secondary  
MG 1: 7.62 mm MG7
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 15 - 767
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Ford GAA7
Cooling  
Cylinders V-87
Net HP 5007
Transmission  
Steering  
Starter  
Electrical System  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Capacity  
Fuel consumption - Road  
Fuel consumption - Cross country  
Power to weight ratio  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 28.75 mph7
46 kph7
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 100 miles7
62 km7
Range - Cross Country  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth 3'7
0.9 m7
Trench crossing 7' 5"7
2.26 m7
Vertical Obstacle 2'7
0.6 m7
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  
  Sherman DD
Crew 57
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 71,025 lb7
32,284 kg7
Length 20' 10"7
6.35 m7
Height 13'7
3.96 m7
Width 9' 3"7
2.81 m7
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 75 mm7
Secondary  
MG 2: 0.3" MG7
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 12 - 517
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Ford GAA7
Cooling  
Cylinders V-87
Net HP 400 or 5007
Transmission  
Steering  
Starter  
Electrical System  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline7
Octane  
Capacity  
Fuel consumption - Road  
Fuel consumption - Cross country  
Power to weight ratio  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road  
Speed - Cross Country  
Speed - Water 4 knots7
Range - Road 149 miles7
240 km7
Range - Cross Country  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth Amphibious7
Trench crossing 7' 5"7
2.26 m7
Vertical Obstacle 2'7
0.61 m7
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Panzer Truppen The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1943-1945, Thomas L. Jentz, 1996
  3. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  4. Tank Data, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, 1968?
  5. Sherman Firefly, David Fletcher, 2008
  6. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  7. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site