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Great Britain's Cruiser Mk VII, A24, Cavalier

Photos

Cruiser Mk VII, A 24, Cavalier, prototype:
Great Britain's Cruiser Mk VII, A24, Cavalier
RAC Tank Museum

Design

Nuffield designed a replacement for the Crusaders. These were going to be the Cromwell, however not enough of the new engines were available so Liberty engines were installed. The War Office ordered 500 before it had undergone trials.

The design was rushed and problems were encountered.

Very rectangular hull and a roomy but angular turret.

Armament

The co-driver operated the hull machine gun.

Production

  • Cruiser Mk VII, A24, Cavalier: 500
    • Production: 1941 - 1943

Variants

  • Cruiser Mk VII, A24, Cavalier:
  • Cavalier OP: In 1943 the gun replaced by dummy barrel. Extra radios installed and used as artillery observation post. Used in Northwest Europe.
  • Cavalier ARV: Turrets replaced by A-frame jib. Used in Northwest Europe.

Usage

Vehicles only used for training or gun tanks.

Specifications

  Cruiser Mk VII, A24, Cavalier
Crew Commander, gunner, loader, driver, co-driver.
5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 59,360 lb
26.5 tons, 27 tons
26,925 kg, 27,432 kg
Length 20' 10"
6.35 m
Height 8'
2.428 m, 2.44 m
Width 9' 5.5", 9' 6"
2.88 m, 2.9 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 6 pdr OQF
6 pdr (57 mm)
6 pdr
Secondary  
MG 1 or 2: 7.92 mm Besa MG
1 or 2: 7.92 mm / 0.312" Besa MG
1 or 2: MG
MG - coaxial 1: 7.92 mm Besa MG
MG - hull 1: MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 64
Secondary  
MG 4,950
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 20 - 76, 20, 76
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Nuffield Liberty
Liberty
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders 12, V-12
Capacity  
Net HP 340, 395
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering Wilson epicyclic
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 24 mph, 24.22 mph
39 kph
Speed - Cross Country 14 mph
Range - Road 164.57 miles, 165 miles
266 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 3'
Trench crossing 7' 6"
Vertical obstacle 3'
Suspension (Type) Improved Christie
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 14"
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 8' 1.75"

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. British and American Tanks of World War Two, The Complete Illustrated History of British, American, and Commonwealth Tanks 1933-1945, Peter Chamberlain and Chris Ellis, 1969
  3. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  4. The Royal Armoured Corps Tank Museum, 1956
  5. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  6. The Illustrated Guide to Tanks of the World, George Forty, 2006
  7. World War Two Tanks, George Forty, 1995
  8. World War I and II Tanks, George Forty, 2012
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site