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Great Britain's Lanchester Armored Car,
Lanchester (Admiralty Turreted Pattern)

Design

Lanchester (Admiralty Turreted Pattern)

The Lanchester was very similar to the Rolls-Royce armored car, but it has sloping armor over the front of the engine.

The Admiralty Air Department designed the Lanchester to be used by the RNAS Armored Car Section that was in France in World War I.

Chassis

The Lanchester's chassis was made from a strengthened Lanchester Sporting Forty touring car. The rear axle had dual wheels installed to help distribute the weight.

Engine

The engine was in front beside the driver.

Prototype

The Lanchester prototype was built in December 1914.

Usage

Lanchester (Admiralty Turreted Pattern) Use in World War I

The Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) was supposed to use the armored cars for guarding air bases and retrieving downed airmen. However, by 1915 the cars were being formed into squadrons that were members of the Royal Naval Armored Car Division.

Lanchester (Admiralty Turreted Pattern) British Army Use

The armored cars were handed over to the British Army in August 1915 and they decided they wanted to standardize on the Rolls-Royce armored car. In October 1915 all the Lanchesters were moved to England and in the following year they were organized as the No. 1 Squadron of the Royal Naval Armored Car Division and were shipped to Russia under the command of Commander Locker-Lampson. Little is known what operations they participated in.

After the Brusilov Offensive in mid-1917 the Lanchesters were shipped back to the United Kingdom with 53,000 new miles added to their odometers.

Lanchester 6x4 Armored Car Use in World War II

Saw service with the Selangor & Perak Battalions of the Federated Malay States Volunteer Force (1938-1942) and with the Singapore Volunteer Corps Armored Car Company.

Specifications

  Lanchester (Admiralty Turreted Pattern)
Crew 4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 10,340 lb
4.8 tons
4,700 kg, 4,876.8 kg
Length 16'
4.88 m
Height 7' 6"
2.286 m, 2.29 m
Width 6' 4"
1.93 m
Ground clearance  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 0.303" Vickers MG
1: 7.7 mm Vickers MG
Secondary 1: 0.303" Lewis MG
1: 7.7 mm Lewis MG
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 3,000
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 8
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Lanchester
Cylinders 6
Net HP 60
Transmission (type) Epicyclic
3 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel (type) Gasoline
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Max Speed 50 mph
80 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 180 miles
290 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type) Cantilever springs
Wheels each side  
Tires  
  Lanchester 6x4 Armored Car
Crew 4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 4.8 tons
4,877 kg
Length 16'
4.87 m
Height 7' 6"
2.82 m
Width 6' 4"
1.93 m
Ground clearance  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 12.7 mm (.5 cal) Vickers MG
Secondary  
MG 7.7 mm (.303 cal) Vickers MG
Optional MG in hull
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 10
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Lanchester
Cylinders  
Net HP  
Transmission (type)  
Fuel (type)  
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Max Speed 45 mph, 50 mph
80 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 180 miles
290 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Tires  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  3. AFV #9 Early Armoured Cars, Major-General N. W. Duncan
  4. Tanks - Over 250 of the World's Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles, Chris Chant, 2004
  5. World Encyclopedia of Armored Fighting Vehicles, Jack Livesey, 2006
  6. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site