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Great Britain's Humber Armored Cars

Design

The Humber armored car was originally the Guy Mk I on the Karrier KT4 chassis, but the design and development was taken over by the Rootes Group.3

Armament

Some Humbers had an anti-aircraft mount that allowed for a Vickers K machine gun to be fired from inside.2

Production

Guy started production of the Humber, but as it was to be dedicated to producing light tanks, production was moved to Rootes Group and Karrier Motors Limited.2 Guy did provided armored hulls and turrets.2,3

After production started the armored car received the Humber Mk I name.3

  • Humber Mk I: 5002,3
  • Humber Mk II:
  • Humber Mk III:
    • Production started in early 19423
  • Humber Mk IV:
  • Total: 5,4002,3,4
    • Manufacturer: Guy2, Rootes Group2,3, Karrier Motors Limited at Luton2
  • Armoured Car Mk I Fox I: 2003

Variants

  • Humber Mk I: Had a welded hull.2 Two 7.92 mm Besa machine guns.2
  • Humber Mk I AA: Had four Besa 7.62 mm machine guns in a modified turret.2,3 First used in 1943 but withdrawn in 1944 due to lack of need.2,3
  • Humber Mk II: The radiator at the rear of the vehicle was improved.3 The front glacis plate was improved.2,3
  • Humber Mk III: Larger turret which added a crew member.2,3
  • Humber Mk IV: Added 37 mm gun and reduced crew to 3.2,3 To help the driver see behind in while going in reverse there was a lever that opened a slot in the rear.2,3
  • Humber Rear Link: Mk III converted to carry extra radio equipment with a fixed turret and dummy gun.2,4
  • Armoured Car Mk I Fox I: Canadian version.2,3

Usage

First used in North Africa in late 1941.2,3,4

Most Numerous British Armored Car

60% of all British armored cars used in World War II were Humbers.3

Post World War II Usage

Some countries used Humbers into the 1960s.2,3,4

Specifications

  Humber
Crew 34
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 15,070 lb4
6,850 kg4
Length 15'2,4
4.572 m2,4
Height 7' 10"2,4
2.34 m2,4
Width 7' 2"2,4
2.184 m2,4
Ground clearance  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 15 mm4
Secondary  
MG 1: 7.92 mm Besa MG4
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 14.5 - 304
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Rootes2,4
Cylinders 62,4
Net HP 902,4
Cooling Water2,4
Transmission (type)  
Fuel (type) Gasoline2,4
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 45 mph2,4
72 kph2,4
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 250 miles2,4
402 km2,4
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 2'4
0.6 m4
Trench crossing 4'4
1.22 m4
Vertical obstacle 1' 9"4
0.533 m4
Tires  
  Humber Mk I
Crew 32
Commander, driver, gunner2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 6.85 tons2
Length  
Height  
Width  
Ground clearance  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 15 mm Besa2
Secondary 2: Besa MG2
MG 7.92 mm MG2
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model)  
Cylinders  
Net HP  
Cooling  
Transmission  
Fuel type  
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road  
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Tires  
  Humber Mk II
Crew 32,3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 7.1 tons2,3
7,213 kg3
Length 15'3
4.57 m3
Height 7' 10"3
2.34 m3
Width 7' 2"3
2.18 m3
Ground clearance  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 0.59" Besa MG3
1: 15 mm Besa MG3
Secondary  
MG  
MG - coaxial 1: 0.312" Besa MG3
1: 7.92 mm MG3
Side arms 1: 0.303" Bren light MG3
1: 7.7 mm Bren light MG3
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 153
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Rootes3
Cylinders 63
Net HP 953
Cooling  
Transmission  
Fuel type Gasoline3
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 45 mph3
72 kph3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 250 miles3
402 km3
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Tires  
  Humber Mk III
Crew 42,3,4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 7.1 tons2,3
7,213 kg3
Length 15'3
4.57 m3
Height 7' 10"3
2.34 m3
Width 7' 2"3
2.18 m3
Ground clearance  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 0.59" Besa MG3
1: 15 mm Besa MG3
Secondary  
MG  
MG - coaxial 1: 0.312" Besa MG3
1: 7.92 mm MG3
Side arms 1: 0.303" Bren light MG3
1: 7.7 mm Bren light MG3
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 153
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Rootes3
Cylinders 63
Net HP 953
Cooling  
Transmission  
Fuel type Gasoline3
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 45 mph3
72 kph3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 250 miles3
402 km3
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Tires  
  Humber Mk IV
Crew 32,3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 7.1 tons2,3
7,213 kg3
Length 15'3
4.57 m3
Height 7' 10"3
2.34 m3
Width 7' 2"3
2.18 m3
Ground clearance  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 37 mm3
Secondary  
MG  
MG - coaxial 1: 0.312" Besa MG3
1: 7.92 mm MG3
Side arms 1: 0.303" Bren light MG3
1: 7.7 mm Bren light MG3
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 153
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Rootes3
Cylinders 63
Net HP 953
Cooling  
Transmission  
Fuel type Gasoline3
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 45 mph3
72 kph3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 250 miles3
402 km3
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Tires  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  3. World Encyclopedia of Armored Fighting Vehicles, Jack Livesey, 2006
  4. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site