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Great Britain's HMS Eagle fleet aircraft carrier

Photos

HMS Eagle fleet aircraft carrier in the 1930s:
Great Britain's HMS Eagle fleet aircraft carrier in the 1930s
US Navy photo
HMS Eagle fleet aircraft carrier at Alexandria, December 1940:
Great Britain's HMS Eagle fleet aircraft carrier at Alexandria, December 1940
Australian War Memorial 005002/01

Design

The HMS Eagle was converted from a Chilean battleship to become a seaplane tender.1,5 The design was done by Sir E. H. Tennyson d'Eyncourt.4

hangar

The hangar was two story tall.1,3 It was 400' long and 20' 6" high.5 There were two lifts, forward 47' x 46' and aft 33' x 46'.5

Island

An island on the flight deck was introduced for the first time with the HMS Eagle.1

The Island went through several modifications before it was finalized on a long island with two funnels.3

Ships

HMS Eagle

  • Formerly Almirante Cochrane.1,5
  • Manufacturer: Armstrong1, Armstrong Whitworth4,5
  • February 20, 1913: Laid down.5
  • June 1918, June 8, 19185: Launched3,5
  • June 8, 1918: Launched1,2,4
  • April 13, 1920, February 26, 19245: Commissioned4,5
  • Spring 19205, 1920 - 1923: Portsmouth.5 Torpedo bulges added.5 Island added.1,5 Two storied hangar.1 Added 2 pdr eight barrel mount and 16 20 mm.1
  • 1924: Entered service.5
  • 1926: Two 2 pdr guns added.5
  • 1931 - 1932: One 4" gun replaced by 2 pdr 8-barrel.5 Boilers replaced.5
  • 1933: Reduced 4" guns to four.2
  • 1934: China station.5
  • 1936: Cross deck arrestors added.5 Added 2 pdr 8-barrel.5
  • 1937: Added 2 pdr eight barrel pompom.2
  • 1939: Served in China.1
  • September 1939: Served in Indian Ocean.3
  • 1939 - 1940: Served in East Indies.1 Escorted troop convoys.5
  • March 1940: Internal explosion.5 Repairs at Singapore.5
  • 1940 - 1941: Served with Mediterranean Fleet.1
  • May 1940: Strikes on North Africa.5
  • 1941 - 1942: Served in South Atlantic.1
  • 1942: Twelve 20 mm guns installed.2
  • 1942: Served with Force "H."1
  • March 1942: Three ferrying trips to Malta delivering 31 Spitfire Mk Vs.3
  • 19425, August 11, 1942: Sunk1,2,3,4,5

Usage

Operation Pedestal

The HMS Eagle was sunk by four torpedoes from the U-73 during a ferrying operation to Malta.2,3,4,5

 

Specifications

  HMS Eagle
Crew 7481, 7503, 8345
Displacement 21,850 tons5, 22,600 tons1,3,4, 26,800 tons2
Displacement - Loaded 26,200 tons4, 26,500 tons3, 26,800 tons5
Physical Characteristics  
Length 667'1,3,4, 667' 6"5
203.3 m3, 203.45 m5
Length - Between Perpendiculars 627' 1"5
191.13 m5
Length - Water Line 625'1,4
Beam 92' 9"1,4, 105' 3"3
32.1 m3
Beam - Hull 105' 2"5
32.06 m5
Draft / Height 24'1,3,4
7.3 m3
Draft / Height - Maximum  
Flight deck 652' x 95'5
198.73 m x 28.96 m5
Performance  
Speed 24 knots1,3,4,5
Range at 18 knots 4,000 nautical miles5
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 6"1,3,5, 6" L/504: 91,3,4,5
4"1,3,4,5: 41,3, 54,5
3 pdr5: 45
2 pdr3, 2 pdr octuple mount1: 11, 85
Aircraft 211,3, 245
Armor  
Belt 4 - 7"1,3, 4.5"5
Bulkheads 4"5
Deck 1 - 4"1,4
Deck - Main 1.5"5
Deck - Upper 1.5"5
Engines  
Boilers Yarrow small tube4, Yarrow5: 324,5
Shafts 41,3,5
Turbines Geared steam1,3, Brown-Curtis5, Parsons5
HP 50,0001,3,4,5
Oil 3,750 tons4,5
Coal 1,750 tons5
Gasoline - 1942 17,750 gallons2

Sources:

  1. Warships of World War II, H. T. Lenton and J. J. Colledge, 1964
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  5. The World's Aircraft Carriers 1914 - 1945, Roger Chesneau, 1986
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site