World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
Great Britain's Flag

Great Britain's Archer class and Avenger class escort aircraft carriers

Photos

  • CVE 30 USS Charger
  • HMS Archer
  • HMS Avenger
  • HMS Avenger and HMS Biter
  • HMS Avenger
  • HMS Avenger
  • HMS Avenger
  • HMS Biter
  • HMS Biter
  • HMS Biter
  • HMS Biter

Design

The Archer and Avenger classes were built by the United States and Lend Leased to Great Britain.2,6 They were originally merchant ships that were converted into escort carriers.2

Engines

There were four engines that drove the single propellar.6

Flight Deck

The flight deck was make of wood.6

There was a small island located on the starboard side.2,6

There was a single 38' x 34' elevator and could lift 12,000 lb on the HMS Archer.2,6 On the Avenger class the elevator was 42' x 34'.2

The single catapult could launch 7,000 lbs at 60.8 knots.2,6

Once the Avenger class ships arrived in Great Britain they had their flight decks increased to 440'.6

Hangar

In the after part of the Archer class was a half hangar.1 It was 18' 9" high.2

The Avenger class had a height of 16'.2

Ships

HMS Archer, BAVG-15,6

  • Class: Archer1,3,4,5
  • Formerly the merchant Mormacland1,2,4,6
  • Manufacturer: Sun Shipbuilding1,2
  • December 14, 1939: Launched1,2,4,6
  • November 17, 1940, November 17, 19415,6: Commissioned2,5,6
  • Late 1941: Collided with merchantman off Norfolk.6
  • Late 19426, August 1942: 4" guns replaced by 4" QF Mk V HA guns.2,6 Flight deck lengthened to 440'.6
  • November 1942: Operation Torch, North Africa.6
  • February 1943, March 19436: Two6 / Four 40 mm Bofors twin mounts added.2 One 20 mm was removed.2
  • May 1943: Anti-submarine duty in North Atlantic.6
  • August 1943: Laid up due to engine trouble.6
  • March 1945: Decommissioned.6

HMS Avenger, BAVG-25,6

  • Class: Archer1,3,5, Avenger2,6
  • Formerly the merchant Rio Hudson1,2,6
  • Manufacturer: Sun6, Sun Shipbuilding1,2
  • Conversion: Bethlehem at Staten Island.6
  • November 27, 1940: Launched1,2,6
  • March 2, 1940, March 2, 19425: Commissioned.2,5
  • Summer 1942: Deck landing trials with Sea Hurricanes.6
  • November 1942: Operation Torch, North Africa.6
  • November 15, 1942, December 15, 19426: Sunk1,2,6 Sank within three minutes after it attacked and hit by a torpedo from the U-155.2,6

HMS Biter, BAVG-35,6

  • Class: Archer1,3,5, Avenger2,6
  • Formerly the merchant Rio Parana1,2,6, Mormactern4
  • Manufacturer: Sun6, Sun Shipbuilding1,2
  • Conversion: Atlantic Basin Iron Works6
  • July 15, 1939, December 18, 19401,2,6: Launched1,2,4,6
  • May 1, 1942, May 6, 19425: Commissioned.2,6
  • Autumn 19426, August - September 1942: 4" guns replaced by 4" QF Mk V HA guns.2,6
  • November 1942: Operation Torch, North Africa.6
  • November 1943: Rudder hit by ditch torpedo from one of own aircraft.6
  • April 9, 1945: Transferred to France.2,6

CVE-30 USS Charger

  • Class: Archer1,3,5
  • Formerly the merchant Rio de la Plata1
  • Manufacturer: Sun Shipbuilding1
  • March 3, 1942: Launched.1 Commissioned.5
  • Kept by United States as for training.2,3

HMS Dasher, BAVG-55

  • Class: Archer1,3,5, Avenger2,6
  • Formerly the merchant Rio de Janeiro1,2,6
  • Manufacturer: Sun6, Sun Shipbuilding1,2
  • Conversion: Tietjen & Lang6
  • April 12, 1941: Launched1,2.6
  • July 1, 1942: Commissioned.2,6
  • Autumn 19426, October 1942: 4" guns replaced by 4" QF Mk V HA guns.2,6
  • November 1942: Operation Torch, North Africa.6
  • March 27, 1943: Sunk.1,2,6 Accidental gasoline explosion while refueling at Firth of Clyde.2,6

HMS Tracker, BAVG-65

  • Class: Archer5, Ameer2, Ruler1,3
  • January 31, 1943: Commissioned.5

Usage

The Charger was kept by the United States for training of British crews.3

Specifications

  Archer class
Crew 5551,3
Displacement 6,200 tons1
Displacement - Loaded 8,250 tons3, 9,000 tons1
Physical Characteristics  
Length 492' 3"1,3
150 m3
Length - Water Line 468' 6"1
Beam 66' 3"1,3
20.2 m3
Draft / Height 23' 3"1,3
7.1 m3
Draft / Height - Maximum  
Flight Deck  
Performance  
Speed 16.5 knots1,3
Range  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 4": 31,3
20 mm twin mounts: 41
20 mm: 71, 153
Aircraft 151,3
Armor None3
Engines 1 shaft diesel motor1,3
HP 8,5001,3
Oil  
Gasoline  
  HMS Archer
Crew 5552,6
Displacement 10,220 tons2,6
Displacement - Loaded 9,000 tons3, 12,860 tons2,6
Physical Characteristics  
Length 492'6
149.96 m6
Length - Water Line 492'2
149.96 m2
Length - Between Perpendiculars 465'6
141.73 m6
Beam 69' 6"2,6
21.18 m2,6
Draft / Height  
Draft / Height - Maximum 21' 10"2, 22'6
6.65 m2, 6.71 m6
Flight Deck 410' x 70'6, 438'2
124.97 m x 21.34 m6
Performance  
Speed 16.5 knots2,6, 17 knots1,3
Range  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 4"6, 4" L/50 US Mk 92: 32,6
20 mm2,6: 152,6
Aircraft 162,6
Armor  
Engines Diesel2
Sulzer 7 cylinder Diesel6
Shafts 12,6
HP 8,5002,6, 9,0001,3
Oil 1,362 tons2, 1,400 tons6
Gasoline 36,000 gallons2
  Avenger class
Crew 5552,6
Displacement 10,366 tons2,6
Displacement - Loaded 15,120 tons6, 15,125 tons2
Physical Characteristics  
Length 492'2,6
149.96 m2,6
Length - Water Line 465'6
141.73 m6
Length - Between Perpendiculars 465'6
141.73 m6
Beam 69' 6"2,6
21.18 m2,6
Draft / Height 21'6
6.4 m6
Draft / Height - Maximum 25' 2"2,6
7.67 m2,6
Flight Deck 410'2, 410' x 78'6
124.97 m x 23.77 m6
Performance  
Speed 16.5 knots2,6
Range  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 4"6, 4" L/50 US Mk 92: 32,6
20 mm2,6: 192,6
Aircraft 152,6
Armor  
Engines Diesel2, Doxford 6 cylinder Diesel6
Shafts 12,6
HP 8,5002,6
Oil 3,000 tons6, 3,061 tons2
Gasoline 36,000 gallons2,6
  HMS Biter
Crew  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Water Line  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Draft / Height - Maximum 25' 5"2
7.75 m2
Flight Deck  
Performance  
Speed  
Range  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft  
Aircraft  
Armor  
Engines  
HP  
Oil 1,308 tons2
Gasoline  

Sources:

  1. Warships of World War II, H. T. Lenton and J. J. Colledge, 1964
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  5. Allied Escort Carriers of World War Two in Action, Kenneth Poolman, 1988
  6. The World's Aircraft Carriers 1914 - 1945, Roger Chesneau, 1986
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site