The Hawkins class cruisers were to hunt and destroy the German cruisers and armed merchant cruisers of the 1914 - 1915 period.
In June 1915 the Admiralty started to study what would be the requirements for the Hawkins class. It was felt a 6" gun would be too small, but a 9.2" too large so the 7.5" was selected. The class also had to have a high speed of 30 knots.
The Effingham, Frobisher, Hawkins, and Raleigh were ordered in December 1915. The Cavendish was ordered in April 1916.
With the reduction of the German threat development and construction of the Hawkins class was slowed.
|7.5" L/46.5 Mk VI
Initially four of the boilers were coal fired with oil sprayers as oil wasn't available world wide but coal was. During construction these were replaced by oil fired boilers.
London Naval Treaty
The London Naval Treaty of 1930 called for the Hawkins class to be demilitarized. The Frobisher became a training ship and the Effingham and Hawkins went into reserve.
The Hawkins class ships were named after famous Elizabethan seaman.