World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
Great Britain's Flag

Great Britain's Exeter cruiser

Photos

HMS Exeter after the Battle of the River Plate on December 17, 1939:
HMS Exeter after the Battle of the River Plate on December 17, 1939
©IWM, HU-43488

HMS Exeter after a refit in March 1941:
HMS Exeter after a refit in March 1941
©IWM, A-3554
HMS Exeter after the Battle of the River Plate on December 17, 1939:
HMS Exeter after the Battle of the River Plate on December 17, 1939
©IWM, HU-43505

HMS Exeter at Devonport after a refit:
HMS Exeter at Devonport after a refit
©IWM, A-3555
HMS Exeter after a refit in March 1941:
HMS Exeter after a refit in March 1941
©IWM, A-3552
HMS Exeter after a refit in March 1941:
HMS Exeter after a refit in March 1941
©IWM, A-3553

Design

The Exeter was designed by Sir William Perry.5 The Exeter was to be the York's sister ship but during constructions changes were made.1 The bridge was not as high and there were two catapults.1 Additional armor was placed around the magazines.2

The Exeter was ordered under the 1927 Program.2

Aircraft

There were two aircraft that were launched by two catapults.1,4 The catapults were in fixed positions with one pointing to port and the other starboard.2,4

Armament

  Elevation
8" L/50 Mk VIII4 50°4

Ships

 

HMS Exeter

  • Manufacturer: Devonport Dock Yard1,3,4
  • August 19285, August 1, 1928: Laid down.1,5
  • July 18, 1929: Launched.1,3,5
  • 19305, July 27, 1931: Completed.1,5
  • 1931 - 1933: Member of 2nd Cruiser Squadron with the Atlantic Fleet.1,2
  • 1933: 2 pdr guns removed.4
  • 1934 - 1939: America and West Indies Station.1
  • 1935 - 1936: Mediterranean during Abyssinian Crisis.1
  • 1939: South Atlantic.3
  • September 1939: South American Division.1
  • October 1939: Member of Force G.1
  • December 1939, December 13, 19392: Heavily damaged (hit by seven 11" shells4) during Battle of the River Plate against the Admiral Graf Spee.1,2,4
  • December 1939 - January 1940, December 16, 1939 - January 19402: Temporary repairs at Falkland Islands.1,2
  • 1940 - 1941: Refit.3 Home Fleet.3
  • January 1940 - March 10, 1941, February 14, 1940 - March 10, 19412: Repairs and refit at Devonport.1,2 Two 2 pdr eight barrel guns added.1,2 Pole masts replaced the tripod masts.1
    4" single guns replaced by 4" twin mounts.1 Elevation of 8" guns increased to 70°.4
    4" HA gun removed.2 Four 4" HA twin mounts added.2
  • 1941: Atlantic convoy escort.1
  • December 1941: East Indies.1
  • 1942: Eastern Fleet.3
  • January 1942: Member of ABDA Command.1
  • February 1942: Heavily damaged during Battle of the Java Sea.1,4 Speed reduced to 16 knots by hit from 8" shell.4
    Hit by cruisers Nachi and Haguro and hit by a torpedo from the Ikazuchi.1
  • March 1, 1942: Scuttled off Bawean Islands.1 Sunk.3
    Sunk by cruisers Myoko and Ashigara.2
    Sunk by Japanese destroyer.4

Specifications

  Exeter
Crew 6003, 6281,2, 6304
Crew - Flagship  
Displacement 8,390 tons1,3,4
Displacement - Loaded 10,490 tons1,4
Physical Characteristics  
Length 575'1,3,4,5, 575' 1.25"2
175.25 m1,4
Length - Between Perpendiculars 540'1,3,4,5, 540' 0.5"2
164.59 m1,4
Length - Water Line  
Beam 58'1,2,3,4,5
17.68 m1,4
Draft / Height 17'3,5, 20' 3"1,4
6.17 m1,4
Draft / Height - Maximum  
Performance  
Speed 32 knots1,3,4, 32.25 knots2,5
Range at 11 - 14 knots 10,000 nautical miles5
Range at 14 knots 10,000 nautical miles1
Armament 8" twin turrets: 33
8" L/50: 65
8" BL Mk VIII twin turrets: 31
8" L/50 Mk VIII: twin turrets: 34
8" L/50 BL Mk VIII twin turrets: 32
Anti-Aircraft 4": 43,5
4" QF Mk V: 41,2
4" L/45 QF Mk V: 44
2 pdr: 21,2,3
2 pdr pompom: 24, 85
Saluting 3 pdr: 44,5
Torpedo Tubes 21": 2 mounts 3 tubes each1,2,3,4,5
Aircraft 21,2,3,4
Armor  
Belt - Machinery 3"1,2
Belt - Main 2" - 3"3, 3"4
Bulkheads 1"4, 3.5"2
Control Tower 3"3
Deck 2"3
Deck - Machinery 1.5"1,2
Magazine Box 1" - 4"4, 3" - 4.375"1, 5.5"2
Turrets 1"1,2,4, 1.5" - 2"3
Engines  
Boilers Admiralty: 81,2,4
Yarrow5
Shafts 41,2,3,4,5
Turbines Geared3
Parsons geared1,2,4,5
HP 80,0001,2,3,4,5
Oil 1,900 tons1,2,4,5

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. British Cruisers of World War Two, Alan Raven, John Roberts, 1980
  3. Warships of World War II, H. T. Lenton and J. J. Colledge, 1964
  4. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  5. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site