World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
Great Britain's Flag

Great Britain's Edinburgh class cruisers

Photos

HMS Belfast at launching on March 17, 1938:
HMS Belfast at launching on March 17, 1938
©IWM, MH-24911

HMS Belfast in Shanghai in 1945:
HMS Belfast in Shanghai in 1945
©IWM, HU-17623
HMS Belfast in July 1939:
HMS Belfast in July 1939
©IWM, HU-4662
HMS Belfast at Loch Ewe in October 1939:
HMS Belfast at Loch Ewe in October 1939
©IWM, HU-10258
HMS Belfast escorting an Arctic convoy in February 1943:
HMS Belfast escorting an Arctic convoy in February 1943
©IWM, HU-9144
HMS Edinburgh escorting a Malta convoy in August 1941:
HMS Edinburgh escorting a Malta convoy in August 1941
©IWM, A-5026

HMS Edinburgh in Scapa Flow on October 28, 1941:
HMS Edinburgh in Scapa Flow on October 28, 1941
©IWM, A-6161
HMS Edinburgh in the Mediterranean in August 1941:
HMS Edinburgh in the Mediterranean in August 1941
©IWM, A-5021

HMS Edinburgh after being hit by a German torpedo while escorting convoy QP11 in May 1942:
HMS Edinburgh after being hit by a German torpedo while escorting convoy QP11 in May 1942
©IWM, MH-23866
HMS Edinburgh in Scapa Flow on October 28, 1941:
HMS Edinburgh in Scapa Flow on October 28, 1941
©IWM, A-6159
HMS Edinburgh in Scapa Flow on October 28, 1941:
HMS Edinburgh in Scapa Flow on October 28, 1941
©IWM, A-6160

Design

With the Japanese and Americans still building 6" light cruisers and with the London Naval Treaty meeting still to be conducted, it was felt to have a rush program before any restrictions came into play.1,2,6

Aircraft

There was one catapult for the three aircraft.1

Ships

 

HMS Belfast

  • Manufacturer: Harland & Wolff1,2,3,4
  • December 10, 1936: Laid down.1,2,4
  • March 17, 1938, August 17, 19382, 19386: Launched.1,2,3,4,5,6
  • August 3, 1939: Completed.1,2,4
  • August 1939: Member of 18th Cruiser Squadron with Home Fleet.1
  • 1939 - 1945: Home Fleet.3
  • November 21, 1939: Hit mine in Firth of Forth laid by U21.1,2,4
  • November 21, 1939 - June 27, 1940: Temporary repairs in Rosyth.1,2
  • 1940 - December 8, 1942, July 3, 1940 - December 8, 19422: Repairs at Devonport2 / Plymouth.1 Four 0.5" machine guns quad mounts removed.1,2 Five 20 mm twin mounts and four 20 mm guns added.1,2
  • December 1942: Arctic convoy escort.1
  • June 1943, June 18 - 29, 19432: Refit at Rosyth.2 Four 20 mm guns added.1,2
  • December 26, 1943: Battle of North Cape.1
  • Spring 1944, April 5 - May 8, 19442: Refit at Rosyth.2 One 20 mm twin mount removed.1,2 Six 20 mm guns added.1,2
  • April 1944: Became headquarters ship for Eastern Task Force for Normandy invasion.1
  • June 6 - July 1944: Supported Normandy invasion.1
  • August 1944 - May 1945, August 4, 1944 - May 19452: Refit at Tyne.1,2,4 Aircraft equipment, two 4" twin mounts, and eight 20 mm guns removed.1,2,4 Four 2 pdr quad mounts and four 2 pdr guns were added.1,2,4
  • July 1945: Six 20 mm guns removed.4 Five 40 mm Bofors added.4
  • August 1945: Arrived in Sydney.1
  • August 1945: Refit in Sydney.2 Two 20 mm twin mounts removed.1,2 Three 40 mm Bofors Mk II guns and two 40 mm Boffins added.1,2

HMS Edinburgh

  • Manufacturer: Swan Hunter1,2,3,4
  • December 30, 1936: Laid down.1,2,4
  • March 31, 1938, 19386: Launched.1,2,3,4,6
  • July 6, 1939: Completed.1,2,4
  • September 1939: Member of 18th Cruiser Squadron in Scapa Flow.1
  • 1939 - 1942: Home Fleet.3
  • October 1, 1939: Member of 2nd Cruiser Squadron in Humber.1
  • October 1939 - May 1940: Convoy escort to Scandinavia.1
  • March 20 - October 28, 1940, May - October 28, 1940: Refit at South Shields.1,2
  • October 1940: Member of 18th Cruiser Squadron with Home Fleet.1
  • March 1941: Participated in Lofoten raid.1
  • May 1941: Hunted for Bismarck.1 Captured blockade runner Lech.1
  • July 1941: Refit at Gibraltar.2 Six 20 mm guns added.1,2
  • July 1941: Operation Substance in Mediterranean.1
  • September 1941: Operation Halberd.1
  • November 1941: Escorted Soviet Union bound convoys.1
  • January 17 - March 4, 1942, February 19424: Refit at Tyne.2 Two 2 pdr 8 barrel guns removed.4 Two 2 pdr quad mounts added.4
  • April 30, 1942: Escorted convoy QP11.1,2 Was hit by torpedoes from U456 and heavily damaged.1,2,4
  • May 2, 1942: Attacked by German destroyers.1,2,4 Sank Z26 but was hit by a torpedo which caused loss of power.1,2,4 Had to be sunk by destroyer HMS Foresight.1,2,3,4

Specifications

  Edinburgh class
Crew 7811,2, 8503,4,6
Crew - Flagship 8812
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 10,000 tons3, 10,550 tons1,4,6
Displacement - Loaded 13,175 tons1,4,6
Length 613'6, 613' 6"1,2,3,4,5
186.99 m1,4, 187 m6
Length - Between Perpendiculars 579'1,2,3,4,5
176.47 m1,4
Beam 63' 3"3,6, 63' 4"1,2,4,5
19.3 m1,4,6
Draft / Height 17' 3"3,5, 17' 6"6, 21' 3"1,4
5.3 m6, 6.48 m1,4
Performance  
Speed 32 knots3,5,6, 32.5 knots1,2,4
Range at 14 knots 8,000 nautical miles1
Armament 6"5, 6" / 15.2 cm6: 125,6
6" triple turrets3, 6" Mk XXIII triple turrets1,2, 6" L/50 Mk XXIII triple turrets4: 41,2,3,4
Anti-Aircraft 45, 4" / 10.2 cm AA6: 85,6
4" twin mounts3, 4" Mk XVI twin mounts61,2, 4" L/45 QF Mk XVI HA twin mounts: 64: 61,2,3,4
2 pdr6: 8 or 166
2 pdr 8 barrel: 21,2,3,4
0.5" machine gun quad mounts: 21,2,3
Saluting 3 pdr: 44
Torpedo Tubes 21"1,2,3,4,5, 21" / 53.3 cm6: 2 mounts 3 tubes each1,2,3,4,5, 66
Aircraft 31,3,4,6
Armor  
Belt - Machinery 4.5"2
Belt - Main 3" - 4.5"5, 4.5"1,2,3,4,6
11.4 cm6
Bulkheads 2.5"4
Control Tower 4"3,6
10.2 cm6
Deck 2"1,3,6
5.1 cm6
Deck - Magazine 3"1
Turrets 1" - 2.5"3,6, 2" - 4"4
2.5 cm - 6.35 m6
Turrets - Front 4"1
Turrets - Sides 2"1
Turrets - Top 2"1,2
Engines  
Boilers Admiralty: 41,4, 85
Shafts 41,2,3,4,6
Turbines Geared3, Parsons geared1,2,4,5,6
HP 80,0001,3,4,5, 82,5002,6
Oil 2,250 tons4, 2,260 tons1, 2,400 tons2
  HMS Belfast after 1942
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement - Loaded 14,900 tons4
Beam 66' 4"1,4
20.22 m1,4
Draft / Height 23' 2"1,4
7.06 m1,4
Engines  
Oil 1,990 tons4

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. British Cruisers of World War Two, Alan Raven, John Roberts, 1980
  3. Warships of World War II, H. T. Lenton and J. J. Colledge, 1964
  4. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  5. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  6. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site