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Great Britain's Royal Sovereign class Battleships

Photos

HMS Ramillies in the Mediterranean in November 1940:
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies in the Mediterranean in November 1940
©IWM, A-2383

HMS Ramillies on June 6, 1944, with the 6th Airborne going by overhead:
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies on June 6, 1944, with the 6th Airborne going by overhead
©IWM, A-23924

HMS Ramillies in French Bay Harbor, Madagascar:
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies in French Bay Harbor, Madagascar
©IWM, A-8858

HMS Ramillies during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies during World War I
©IWM, Q-75599
HMS Ramillies in Liverpool on October 17, 1941 :
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies in Liverpool on October 17, 1941
©IWM, A-6102

HMS Ramillies on June 6, 1944, off Sword Beach:
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies on June 6, 1944, off Sword Beach
©IWM, A-23919

HMS Ramillies in Greenock:
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies in Greenock
©IWM, A-17214

HMS Ramillies during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies during World War I
©IWM, SP-1718
HMS Ramillies with Royal Marines in French Bay Harbor, Madagascar:
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies with Royal Marines in French Bay Harbor, Madagascar
©IWM, A-8865

HMS Ramillies on June 6, 1944, off Sword Beach:
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies on June 6, 1944, off Sword Beach
©IWM, A-24459

HMS Ramillies in Greenock:
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies in Greenock
©IWM, A-25772

HMS Ramillies during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies during World War I
©IWM, SP-1719
HMS Ramillies in Plymouth sound:
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies in Plymouth sound
©IWM, FL-9004

HMS Ramillies at Bangor, Northern Ireland:
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies at Bangor, Northern Ireland
©IWM, HU-107194

HMS Ramillies with King George VI inspecting:
Great Britain's HMS Ramillies with King George VI inspecting
©IWM, A-23306
HMS Resolution in September 1933:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution in September 1933
©IWM, Q-65626

HMS Resolution in September 1933:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution in September 1933
©IWM, Q-65630

HMS Resolution with the Eastern Fleet in the Indian Ocean with the HMS Formidable:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution with the Eastern Fleet in the Indian Ocean with the HMS Formidable
©IWM, A-11792

HMS Resolution off Madagascar:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution off Madagascar
©IWM, A-9058

HMS Resolution at Firth of Forth during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution at Firth of Forth during World War I
©IWM, SP-1417

HMS Resolution during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution during World War I
©IWM, SP-1722
HMS Resolution in September 1933:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution in September 1933
©IWM, Q-65626

HMS Resolution in 1941:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution in 1941
©IWM, A-3863

HMS Resolution with the Eastern Fleet in the Indian Ocean with HMS Royal Sovereign:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution with the Eastern Fleet in the Indian Ocean with HMS Royal Sovereign
©IWM, A-11791

HMS Resolution off Madagascar:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution off Madagascar
©IWM, A-9059

HMS Resolution during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution during World War I
©IWM, Q-18133

HMS Resolution during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution during World War I
©IWM, SP-1895
HMS Resolution in September 1933:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution in September 1933
©IWM, Q-65628

HMS Resolution on April 24, 1942, with HMS Warspite during the Madagascar Operation:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution on April 24, 1942, with HMS Warspite during the Madagascar Operation
©IWM, A-9702

HMS Resolution:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution
©IWM, FL-18214

HMS Resolution at Scapa Flow after a refit:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution at Scapa Flow after a refit
©IWM, Q-74120

HMS Resolution during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution during World War I
©IWM, Q-74224
HMS Resolution in September 1933:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution in September 1933
©IWM, Q-65629

HMS Resolution on April 24, 1942, with HMS Warspite during the Madagascar Operation:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution on April 24, 1942, with HMS Warspite during the Madagascar Operation
©IWM, A-9703

HMS Resolution:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution
©IWM, Q-71909

HMS Resolution during World War I firing a broadside:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution during World War I firing a broadside
©IWM, Q-18140

HMS Resolution during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Resolution during World War I
©IWM, Q-75595
HMS Revenge in June 1917:
Great Britain's HMS Revenge in June 1917
©IWM, Q-74219

HMS Revenge:
Great Britain's HMS Revenge
©IWM, CH-823

HMS Revenge's crew participating in exercising:
Great Britain's HMS Revenge's crew participating in exercising
©IWM, A-1506

HMS Revenge during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Revenge during World War I
©IWM, SP-88
HMS Revenge's range finder control tower in 1940:
Great Britain's HMS Revenge's range finder control tower in 1940
©IWM, A-1513

HMS Revenge:
Great Britain's HMS Revenge
©IWM, Q-65624

HMS Revenge's crew scrubbing the deck:
Great Britain's HMS Revenge's crew scrubbing the deck
©IWM, A-1504
HMS Revenge's control tower:
Great Britain's HMS Revenge's control tower
©IWM, A-1510

HMS Revenge:
Great Britain's HMS Revenge
©IWM, Q-71910

HMS Revenge during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Revenge during World War I
©IWM, Q-74223
HMS Revenge at Greenock:
Great Britain's HMS Revenge at Greenock
©IWM, A-19087

HMS Revenge having its 15" gun painted:
Great Britain's HMS Revenge having its 15" gun painted
©IWM, A-1505

HMS Revenge during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Revenge during World War I
©IWM, SP-1892
HMS Royal Oak in 1937:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak in 1937
©IWM, FL-12252

HMS Royal Oak during World War I having 15" gun cleaned:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak during World War I having 15" gun cleaned
©IWM, Q-17961

HMS Royal Oak's crew lowering 15" shells during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's crew lowering 15" shells during World War I
©IWM, Q-17951

HMS Royal Oak's 6" guns firing during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's 6" guns firing during World War I
©IWM, Q-17978

HMS Royal Oak's barbershop during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's barbershop during World War I
©IWM, Q-18036

HMS Royal Oak hoisting 15" shells during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak hoisting 15" shells during World War I
©IWM, Q-18076

HMS Royal Oak during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak during World War I
©IWM, Q-75598

HMS Royal Oak's crew moving 15" shells during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's crew moving 15" shells during World War I
©IWM, Q-17946

HMS Royal Oak's officers playing hockey during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's officers playing hockey during World War I
©IWM, Q-18044

HMS Royal Oak in rough seas during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak in rough seas during World War I
©IWM, Q-18071

HMS Royal Oak's crew scrubbing the deck with holystones during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's crew scrubbing the deck with holystones during World War I
©IWM, Q-17933
HMS Royal Oak:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak
©IWM, Q-65782

HMS Royal Oak having its 15" gun sponged out during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak having its 15" gun sponged out during World War I
©IWM, Q-17976

HMS Royal Oak's 15" shells on deck during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's 15" shells on deck during World War I
©IWM, Q-17947

HMS Royal Oak's 6" guns firing at night during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's 6" guns firing at night during World War I
©IWM

HMS Royal Oak's blacksmith shop during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's blacksmith shop during World War I
©IWM, Q-18010

HMS Royal Oak during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak during World War I
©IWM, Q-17898

HMS Royal Oak during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak during World War I
©IWM, SP-1320

HMS Royal Oak in the North Sea during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak in the North Sea during World War I
©IWM, Q-17960

HMS Royal Oak refueling a torpedo boat destroyer during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak refueling a torpedo boat destroyer during World War I
©IWM, Q-18051

HMS Royal Oak in rough seas during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak in rough seas during World War I
©IWM, Q-18072

HMS Royal Oak's tailors during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's tailors during World War I
©IWM, Q-17953
HMS Royal Oak:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak
©IWM, Q-65784

HMS Royal Oak's 15" guns firing during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's 15" guns firing during World War I
©IWM, Q-17993

HMS Royal Oak's 3" anti-aircraft gun during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's 3" anti-aircraft gun during World War I
©IWM, Q-18493

HMS Royal Oak's 6" guns test firing during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's 6" guns test firing during World War I
©IWM, Q-18027

HMS Royal Oak's engine room during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's engine room during World War I
©IWM, Q-17931

HMS Royal Oak during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak during World War I
©IWM, Q-17899

HMS Royal Oak during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Barham at Scapa Flow in 1917
©IWM, SP-1902

HMS Royal Oak covered in snow while in the North Sea during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Barham at Scapa Flow in 1917
©IWM, Q-18016

HMS Royal Oak refueling a torpedo boat destroyer during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak refueling a torpedo boat destroyer during World War I
©IWM, Q-18053

HMS Royal Oak's royal marines being inspected during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's royal marines being inspected during World War I
©IWM, Q-18048

HMS Royal Oak testing a searchlight during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak testing a searchlight during World War I
©IWM, Q-18051
An HMS Royal Oak crew member roller skating:
Great Britain's An HMS Royal Oak crew member roller skating
©IWM, Q-18034

HMS Royal Oak's 15" guns firing during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's 15" guns firing during World War I
©IWM, Q-17994

HMS Royal Oak's 6" gun crew with anti-flash equipment during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's 6" gun crew with anti-flash equipment during World War I
©IWM, Q-18004

HMS Royal Oak's 6" guns test firing during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's 6" guns test firing during World War I
©IWM, Q-18028

HMS Royal Oak's fighting equipment for turret officer during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's fighting equipment for turret officer during World War I
©IWM, Q-17936

HMS Royal Oak during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak during World War I
©IWM, Q-74227

HMS Royal Oak's mess deck during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's mess deck during World War I
©IWM, Q-17952

HMS Royal Oak covered in snow while in the North Sea during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak covered in snow while in the North Sea during World War I
©IWM, Q-18017

HMS Royal Oak retrieving a test fired torpedo during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak retrieving a test fired torpedo during World War I
©IWM, Q-18002

HMS Royal Oak's royal marines lowering a 15" shell during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's royal marines lowering a 15" shell during World War I
©IWM, Q-17950

HMS Royal Oak's crew washing the anchor chain during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Oak's crew washing the anchor chain during World War I
©IWM, Q-17977
HMS Royal Sovereign at Scapa Flow after a refit on October 17, 1941:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign at Scapa Flow after a refit on October 17, 1941
©IWM, A-5895

HMS Royal Sovereign entering Greenock's floating dock:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign entering Greenock's floating dock
©IWM, A-6149

HMS Royal Sovereign with the Eastern Fleet in the Indian Ocean:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign with the Eastern Fleet in the Indian Ocean
©IWM, A-11795

HMS Royal Sovereign:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign
©IWM, Q-65623

HMS Royal Sovereign being turned over to the Soviet Union:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign being turned over to the Soviet Union
©IWM, A-23816

HMS Royal Sovereign's 15 inch guns firing during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign's 15 inch guns firing during World War I
©IWM, Q-18138

HMS Royal Sovereign during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign during World War I
©IWM, Q-75597
HMS Royal Sovereign entering Greenock's floating dock:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign entering Greenock's floating dock
©IWM, A-6146

HMS Royal Sovereign entering Greenock's floating dock:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign entering Greenock's floating dock
©IWM, A-6150

HMS Royal Sovereign:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign
©IWM, Q-23320

HMS Royal Sovereign at Scapa Flow after a refit:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign at Scapa Flow after a refit
©IWM, A-5896

HMS Royal Sovereign's 15 inch guns firing during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign's 15 inch guns firing during World War I
©IWM, Q-17990

HMS Royal Sovereign turning hard to port during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign turning hard to port during World War I
©IWM, Q-17928

HMS Royal Sovereign during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign during World War I
©IWM, SP-1723
HMS Royal Sovereign entering Greenock's floating dock:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign entering Greenock's floating dock
©IWM, A-6147

HMS Royal Sovereign entering Greenock's floating dock:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign entering Greenock's floating dock
©IWM, A-6151

HMS Royal Sovereign:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign
©IWM, Q-63696

HMS Royal Sovereign being turned over to the Soviet Union:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign being turned over to the Soviet Union
©IWM, A-23811

HMS Royal Sovereign's 15 inch guns firing during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign's 15 inch guns firing during World War I
©IWM, Q-17991

HMS Royal Sovereign during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign during World War I
©IWM, Q-18134

HMS Royal Sovereign with the HMS Revenge and HMS Resolution during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign with the HMS Revenge and HMS Resolution during World War I
©IWM, Q-17926
HMS Royal Sovereign entering Greenock's floating dock:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign entering Greenock's floating dock
©IWM, A-6148

HMS Royal Sovereign at Philadelphia Navy Yard on September 14, 1943:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign at Philadelphia Navy Yard on September 14, 1943
©IWM, FL-18403

HMS Royal Sovereign:
Great Britain's HMS Barham at Scapa Flow in 1917
©IWM, Q-65622

HMS Royal Sovereign being turned over to the Soviet Union:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign being turned over to the Soviet Union
©IWM, A-23814

HMS Royal Sovereign's 15 inch guns firing during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign's 15 inch guns firing during World War I
©IWM, Q-17992

HMS Royal Sovereign during World War I:
Great Britain's HMS Royal Sovereign during World War I
©IWM, Q-74225

Design

The Royal Sovereign class were designed to have 10 15" guns and could go 21 knots which was felt good enough for being used in the North Sea.3 The A and Y turrets were intended to have three guns each but lack of experience with three gun design left them to be two gun turrets.3

The design was finalized in March 1913.3 In November 1914 Lord Fisher went to the Admiralty and pressured them into changing the design to use oil fuel that increased the speed to 23 knots.3

Armament

The 6" battery was placed more towards the aft which allowed them to stay drier.3

In 1942 - 1943 all of the remaining Royal Sovereign class had four of the 6" guns removed.2

Engines

There were 18 boilers split into three spaces.3 The HP and cruising turbines powered the outside shafts while the LP turbines powered the inside shafts.3

Aircraft

All but HMS Revenge had a catapult for aircraft initially.2 All were removed, except for HMS Resolution's after 1939.2

Ships

HMS Ramillies

  • Manufacturer: Beardmore1,3,4
  • Machinery: Beardmore4
  • September 12, 1916: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • September 1917: Completed.3,4
  • September 1917 - November 1918: Member of 1st Battle Squadron of the Grand Fleet.3
  • 1924 - 1925: Two 4" anti-aircraft guns replaced 3".3
  • September 1926 - April 1927: Refit.3 Upper pair of 6" guns removed. Two 4" guns added.3 Bridge modified.3
  • August 1927 - June 1932: Member of Mediterranean Fleets.3
  • December 1927 - February 1928: Went to West Africa.3
  • October 1929: Sent to Palestine.3
  • June 1932 - August 1934: Refit at Plymouth.3
  • January 1933 - August 1934: Refit.3 Two 2 pdr mounts and two 0.5" quad mounts added.3 X turret had a catapult added.3 Bridge structure altered.3 Rear torpedo tubes removed.3
  • September 17, 1934: Joined Mediterranean Fleet.3
  • July 1935 - January 1936: Home Fleet.3
  • January 1936 - September 1939: Training ship.3
  • June 1938: Forward torpedo tubes removed.3 Four 4" Mk XIX twin mounts replaced single 4" guns.3
  • 1939: With the Home Fleet.1
  • September 1939: Escorted troop convoy to Alexandria.3
  • November 1939: Used in Indian Ocean as convoy escort.3
  • 1940: With the East Indies and Mediterranean Fleets.1
  • May 1940: Joined 1st Battle Squadron of the Mediterranean Fleet.3
  • November 1940: Part of covering force in attack on Taranto.3
  • 1941: Convoy escort in Atlantic.1 0.5" machine guns removed.3 Two 2 pdr quad mounts added.3 Ten 20 mm guns added.3
  • January 12 - August 1941: Flagship of 3rd Battle Squadron of the North Atlantic Escort Force based in Halifax.3
  • February 8, 1941: While escorting convoy HX106 scared off Scharnhorst and Gneisenau.3
  • May 23, 1941: Helped in hunt for Bismarck.3
  • August - November 1941: Refit.3
  • December 2, 1941: Joined Eastern Fleet.3
  • 1942: +2" in armor over magazines.2
  • 1942 - 1943: With the Eastern Fleet.1
  • May 7, 1942: Covered invasion of Diego Suarez, Madagascar.3 Hit by torpedo from a midget submarine that came from Japanese submarine I20.3
  • June 8, 1942: Arrived in Durban for temporary repairs.3
  • September 1942 - June 1943: Repairs in Plymouth.3
  • 1943: Four 6" guns removed.3 Two 20 mm twin mounts added B turret.3 Two 20 mm twin mounts added to X turret.3 One 20 mm twin mount added to quarterdeck.3
  • July - December 1943: Stationed in Kilindini.3
  • 1944: With the Home Fleet.1
  • 1944 - 1945: Three 20 mm guns added.3
  • June 6, 1944: Supported Sword Beach.3
  • August 1944: Supported invasion of Southern France.3
  • 1945, January 31, 1945: Placed in Reserve.1,3

HMS Resolution

  • Manufacturer: Palmer4, Palmers1,3
  • Machinery: Palmer4
  • January 14, 19153, January 14, 1916: Launched.1,2,4
  • December 19164, December 7, 1916: Completed.3
  • December 1916 - August 1923: With 1st Battle Squadron, Home Fleet.3 Became Atlantic Fleet in April 1919.3
  • November - December 1924: Added two 4" anti-aircraft guns.3 Funnel cap added.3
  • March 1926 - 1935: Joined Mediterranean Fleet.3
  • December 1926 - December 1927: Refit at Plymouth.3
  • December 1926 - January 1928: Refit.3 Added two 4" anti-aircraft guns.3 Two 6" guns removed.3
  • December 1929: Catapult added to quarterdeck.3
  • 1930: Catapult on quarterdeck removed.3
  • 1930 - 1931: A 4" dual mount replaced 4" single mount.3
  • 1932 - 1933: Bridge modified.3 Aircraft platforms removed from B and X turrets.3
  • September 1933: Two 0.5" quad mounts added to each side of the conning tower.3
  • December 1935 - September 16, 1936: Refit.3
  • 1936: Catapult added to X turret.3
  • September 16, 1936: 2nd Battle Squadron of Home Fleet.3
  • 1937 - 1938: Training ship.3
  • 1938: Four 4" Mk XIX twin mounts added.3 Forward torpedo tubes removed.3
  • March - July 1938: Refit at Plymouth.3
  • 1939 - 1940: With the Home Fleet and escorted Atlantic convoys.1
  • 1939 - 1941: Swordfish float planes carried.3
  • April 1940: Norwegian campaign.3 Damaged by bomb.3
  • June 28, 1940: Joined Force H in Mediterranean.3
  • July 3, 1940: Attacked Oran.3
  • September 23 - 25, 1940: Attack on Dakar.3
  • 1941, April - September 6, 19413: Refit at the Philadelphia Navy Yard in the United States.1,3 Nine 20 mm single mounts added.3 0.5" quad mounts removed.3
  • October - December 1941: Home Fleet.3
  • November 1941: Walrus carried.3
  • 1942: +2" in armor over magazines.2,3 One 20 mm added.3 A 2pdr quad mount was added to the B turret and one added to the quarterdeck.3
  • 1942 - 1943: With the Eastern Fleet.1
  • January - March 26, 1942: Sailed to Colombo to join Eastern Fleet.3
  • March 1942 - September 1943: Convoy escort in Indian Ocean.3
  • 1943: Four of the forward most 6" guns removed.3
  • September - October 1943: Refit at Rosyth.3
  • 1944: Catapult removed.3
  • 1944 - 1945: Used at training ship.1

HMS Revenge

  • Formerly: Renown1
  • Manufacturer: Vickers1,3,4, Barrow3
  • Machinery: Vicekers4
  • October 22, 1913: Named changed to Revenge.3
  • May 29, 1915: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • February 1, 1916, March 19164: Completed.3
  • May 31, 1916: Battle of Jutland.3 Member of 1st Battle Squadron, 6th Division, of the Grand Fleet.3 Battled König.3 Avoided torpedoes from German destroyers.3 Became flagship after Marlborough was torpedoed.3 Fired 102 15" shells and one torpedo.3
  • November 1916: Flagship of second in command of Grand Fleet.3
  • 1919 - 1921: Stern walkway added.3
  • April 1919 - October 1927: Member of Atlantic Fleet.3
  • January - July 1920: Joined 1st Battle Squadron of Mediterranean Fleet during crisis in Turkey.3
  • September 1922 - March 1923: Turkey.3
  • November 1924 - October 1927: Flagship.3
  • January 1925: Sank Monarck (target ship).3
  • May 1925: Added two 4" anti-aircraft guns.3
  • January - December 1928, January 11 - end of 19283: Refit at Devonport.3 Two 4" anti-aircraft guns added.3 Two 6" guns removed.3 Searchlight platforms next to funnels removed.3
  • January 2, 1929 - February 1936: Joined Mediterranean Fleet.3
  • May - November 1931: Aft torpedo tubes removed.3 One 2 pdr pompom added to side of funnel.3 X turret's aircraft platform was removed.3
  • February 6, 1937 - March 1937: Refit.3
  • June 1, 1937: Joined 1st Battle Squadron of the Home Fleet.3
  • 1939: Four 4" Mk XIX twin mounts added.3 One 2 pdr pompom added.3 Two 0.5" machine guns added.3 Funnel cap added.3 Forward torpedo tubes removed.3
  • 1939 - 1941: With the Home Fleet and escorted Atlantic convoys.1
  • October 1, 1939 - August 1940: Member of 3rd Battle Squadron, North Atlantic Escort Force based in Halifax, Nova Scotia.3
  • October 11, 1940: Bombarded Cherbourg with 120 15" rounds.3
  • November 1940: Participated in hunt for Bismarck.3
  • 1941: Ten 20 mm guns added.3 B and X turrets had 2 pdr quad mounts added.3
  • August 1941: Transferred to Eastern Fleet.3 Convoy escort in Indian Ocean.3
  • 1942 - 1943: With the Eastern Fleet.1
  • 1943: Two most forward 6" guns removed.3
  • September 1943: Returned to Great Britain and put in reserve.3
  • November 1943: Part of Prime Minister Winston Churchill's trip to Malta.3
  • 1944 - 1945: Used as training ship.1

HMS Royal Oak

  • Manufacturer: Devonport1, Devonport Dock Yard3,4
  • Machinery: Hawthorn4, Hawthorn Leslie1
  • November 17, 1914: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • May 19164, May 1, 1916: Completed.3
  • May 31, 1916: Battle of Jutland.3 Member of 3rd Division of the 4th Battle Squadron.3 Fired 38 15" rounds.3
  • April 1919: Joined 1st Battle Squadron with the Atlantic Fleet.3
  • March - July 1920: Sent to Turkey.3
  • 1922 - 1924, September 1922 - April 19243, September 1922 - June 19243: Refit.2,3 Done at Portsmouth.3 Bugles added.3 Bridge was modified.3
  • March 1924: Two 4" anti-aircraft guns replaced 3".3
  • March 1926 - 1934: Mediterranean Fleet.3
  • March - June 1927: Refit at Plymouth.3 Two 4" single mounts added.3
  • 1933: Aft torpedo tubes removed.3
  • 1934 - 1936, May 1934 - August 19363, June 1934 - August 19363: Refit.2,3 4" of armor added over magazines.3 2.5" of deck armor added over engine rooms.3 Four 4" Mk XIX twin mounts replaced the single 4" guns.3 Two 2 pdr pompoms added next to funnel.3 The conning tower had two 0.5" quad mount machine guns added beside it.3 Bridge rebuilt.3 Catapults replaced the aircraft platforms on turrets B and X.3 Below water torpedo tubes removed and four tubes placed above water.3
  • 1939: With the Home Fleet.1
  • July 7, 1939: Mediterranean Fleet.3
  • August 1939: Home Fleet.3
  • October 14, 1939: Sunk.1,3

HMS Royal Sovereign

  • Manufacturer: Portsmouth1, Portsmouth Dock Yard3,4,
  • Machinery: Parsons1,4
  • April 29, 1915: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • April 16, 1916, May 19164: Completed3
  • April 1919: Member of Atlantic Fleet.3
  • January 1920: Sent to Turkey and the Black Sea with the 1st Battle Squadron.3
  • July 1920: Rejoined Atlantic Fleet.3
  • December 1920: Refit to add bulges.3
  • Late 1920: Collided with Tiger.3
  • January 1921: Repairs and refit.3
  • May - September 1921: Refit.3 Larger range finder added to B turret.3
  • October 3, 1922 - 1926: Rejoined 1st Battle Squadron with the Atlantic Fleet.3
  • August - September 1924: Two 4" single AA mountings were added.3
  • December 1926: Moved to Mediterranean.3
  • October 1927 - June 1928: Refit.3 Two 4" single AA mounts added.3
  • January - November 1932: Refit in Portsmouth.3 Two 2 pdr pompoms added next to the funnel.3 Aft torpedo tubes removed.3 Modifications made to bridge.3
  • 1933: Catapult for Fairey IIIF floatplane added to quarterdeck.3 Two 0.5" quad mounts added next to conning tower.3
  • 1935: Joined Home Fleet.3
  • January 1936 - September 1939: Training ship.3
  • 1937 - 1938, June 1937 - February 19383: Refit at Devonport.3 Four 4" single mounts were replaced by four 4" Mk XIX twin mounts.3 Forward torpedo tubes removed.3
  • 1939: With the Home Fleet.1
  • October 1939: Became flagship of North Atlantic Escort Force based in Halifax, Nova Scotia.3
  • December 1939: Refit in Plymouth.3
  • 1940 - 1941: Escorted Atlantic convoys.1
  • May 1940: Joined 1st Battle Squadron in Mediterranean Fleet.3
  • July 1940: At Calabria but did not fire.3
  • August 1940: Rejoined North Atlantic Escort Force.3
  • September - October 1940: At Durban for refit.3
  • December 1940 - August 1941: Returned to Halifax.3 Flagship of 3rd Battle Squadron.3
  • May - June 1941: Refit at Norfolk, Virginia.3 Funnel cap added.3 Ten 20 mm single mounts added.3
  • August - October 1941: Refit at Glasgow.3
  • October 1941 - April 1942: Moved to Eastern Fleet based in Colombo.3
  • 1942 - 1943, 1942 - October 19433: Refit in Philadelphia.1,3 +2" in armor over magazines.2
  • 1942: Two 2 pdr quad mounts added, one each on top of the B and X turrets.3 2" added over magazines.3
  • April 1942 - January 1944: Based at Kilindini.3
  • September 1943: Fourteen 20 mm single mounts and six 20 mm twin mounts added.3
  • January 1944: Based at Trincomalee.3 Convoy escort in Indian Ocean.3
  • 1944, May 30, 1944: Transferred to the Soviet Union and was named the Archangelsk.1,3
  • August 17, 1944: Sailed to Soviet Union.3

HMS Resistance

  • August 26, 1914: Cancelled.

 

Usage

Scapa Flow

The HMS Royal Oak was hit by three torpedoes from U47 inside Scapa Flow and sank with a large loss of life.2,3 The HMS Resolution and HMS Ramillies were each hit by a torpedo but survived.2

Dakar

The attack on Dakar was from September 23 - 25, 1940.3 The HMS Resolution was damaged by shore batteries.3 The HMS Resolution was hit by a torpedo from French submarine Bévéziers.3 She lost power and was taken under tow by HMS Barham.3 They arrived in Freetown on September 29, 1940.3

Specifications

  Royal Sovereign class
Crew 9203, 1,009 - 1,1464, 1,1461
Displacement 27,970 tons3, 29,150 tons1,4
Displacement - Loaded 31,160 tons3, 33,500 tons4, 33,560 tons - 35,390 tons2
Physical Characteristics  
Length 620' 6"1,3,4
189 m3
Length - Between Perpendiculars 580'1,3,4
176.7 m3
Length - Water Line 614' 6"4
Beam 88' 6"1,3, 102' 6"4
26.96 m3
Draft / Height 28' 6"1,4, 30' 9"3
9.37 m3
Draft / Height - Maximum  
Performance  
Speed 21 knots4, 21.5 knots1, 23 knots3
Range  
Armament 15" L/42: 84
15" twin turrets: 41,3
6": 121, 143
6" L/50: 124
Anti-Aircraft 4": 84
4" twin mounts: 41
3": 23
2 pdr 8 mounts: 21
Anti-Aircraft - 1928 4" QF Mk V: 42
Anti-Aircraft - 1936 - 1939 4" QF Mk XVI twin mounts: 4
Anti-Aircraft - September 1939 8 barrel pompom: 22
Anti-Aircraft - 1941 - 1942 4 barrel mount: 22
Aircraft 03, 11
Torpedo Tubes - under water 21": 43
Torpedo Tubes - 1931 - 1934 22
Torpedo Tubes - 1938 - 1939 02
Armor  
Belt - Main 4" - 6"1, 133,4
Decks 1" - 2.5"1, 1" - 4"3, 1" - 6"4
Turrets 4.75" - 13"1
Turrets - Front 13"3
Turrets - Side 11"3
Turrets - Top 4.5"3
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts 41,3,4
Turbines Parsons3,4
HP 40,0001,3,4
Oil 3,230 tons4, 3,400 tons3
Gasoline  
  HMS Ramillies
Crew  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded 36,140 tons2
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Water Line  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Draft / Height - Maximum  
Performance  
Speed  
Range  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft  
Aircraft  
Armor  
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox: 183,4
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  
Gasoline  
  HMS Resolution
Crew  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded 32,820 tons2
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Length - Water Line  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Draft / Height - Maximum  
Performance  
Speed  
Range  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft - 1931 - 1938 4": 52
Aircraft  
Armor  
Engines  
Boilers Yarrow: 183,4
HP  
Oil  
Gasoline  
  HMS Revenge
Crew  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded 32,820 tons2
Physical Characteristics  
Length 624' 6"4
Length - Water Line  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Draft / Height - Loaded  
Performance  
Speed  
Range  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft - December 1931 8 barrel pompom: 12
Aircraft  
Torpedo Tubes 21": 41
Armor  
Decks  
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox: 183,4
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  
Gasoline  
  HMS Royal Oak
Crew  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded 31,250 tons2
Displacement - Loaded - 1924 33,240 tons2
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Water Line  
Beam - 1924 102' 1"2
21.11 m2
Draft / Height  
Draft / Height - Loaded - 1924 31' 6"2
9.6 m3
Performance  
Speed  
Range  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft  
Aircraft  
Torpedo Tubes 21": 41
Torpedo Tubes - 1934 - 1936 4 above water2
Armor  
Decks - 1924 3.5" - 5"2
Engines  
Boilers Yarrow: 183,4
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  
Gasoline  
  HMS Royal Sovereign
Crew  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded 32,700 tons2
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Water Line  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Draft / Height - Loaded  
Performance  
Speed  
Range  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft  
Aircraft  
Armor  
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox: 183,4
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  
Gasoline  

Sources:

  1. Warships of World War II, H. T. Lenton and J. J. Colledge, 1964
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Battleships of World War Two an International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1998
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site