World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
Great Britain's Flag

Great Britain's Lion class Battleships

Design

The London Treaty allowed for an escalation clause that would allow the construction of battleships of 45,000 tons and carrying 16" guns.2,3 With Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union reported to be building 60,000 ton battleships it was felt that a class of battleships in the 40,000 ton range would suffice.2

The Lion class would be similar in layout to the King George V class in design and would use improved 16" guns and turrets than the Nelson class.2 Triple turrets were also selected to simplify production.3 The 16" Mk II guns could fire a 2,375 lb shell 40,560 yards at an elevation of 40°.3

The 1938 Program authorized two ships to be built and were ordered on January 21, 1939. In the 1939 Program two more were authorized and one was ordered on August 16, 1939.3

It was decided with other more urgent needs for construction the class was cancelled.2

Ships

HMS Lion

  • Manufacturer: Vickers-Armstrong at Tyne1,2,3
  • July 4, 1939: Laid down.2,3
  • October 3, 1939: Work suspended.3
  • 1940, February 27, 19403: Cancelled.1

HMS Temeraire

  • Manufacturer: Cammell Laird1,2,3
  • June 1, 1939: Laid down.2,3
  • October 3, 1939: Work suspended.3
  • 1940, February 27, 19403: Cancelled.1

HMS Conqueror

  • Manufacturer: Clydebank1, John Brown2,3
  • October 3, 1939: Work suspended.3
  • 1940, 19413: Cancelled.1

HMS Thunderer

  • Manufacturer: Fairfield1,2,3
  • October 3, 1939: Work suspended.3
  • 1940, 19413: Cancelled.1

 

Specifications

  Lion class
Crew 1,5001, 1,6803
Crew - As Flagship 1,6802
Displacement 40,000 tons1, 40,550 tons2,3
Displacement - Loaded 46,300 tons2,3
Physical Characteristics  
Length 785'1,2,3
239.26 m2,3
Length - Between Perpendiculars 740'1,2,3
225.55 m2,3
Length - Water Line  
Beam 104'2,3, 105'1
31.7 m2,3
Draft / Height 30'1,2,3
9.14 m2,3
Draft / Height - Maximum 33' 6"2
10.21 m2
Performance  
Speed 30 knots1,2,3
Range at 10 knots 14,000 nautical miles3
Armament 16" triple turrets: 31,3
16" L/45 Mk II or Mk III triple turrets: 32
5.25" twin turrets: 81,3
5.25" L/50 QF Mk I twin turrets: 82
Anti-Aircraft 2 pdr 8 barrel pompoms: 61,2,3
Aircraft 22, 43
Torpedo Tubes None3
Armor  
Barbettes 12" - 15"2,3
Belt 5.5" - 15"2
Belt - Ends 11" - 13"3
Belt - Main 14" - 15"1, 15"3
Bulkheads 4" - 13"2, 10" - 12"3
Bulkhead - Torpedo  
Control Tower 2" - 4.5"2,3, 16"1
Deck 6"1
Deck - Lower 2.5" - 5"3
Deck - Main 5" - 6"3
Turrets 6" - 15"2, 16"1
Turrets - Front 15"3
Turrets - Rear 7" - 10"3
Turrets - Side 7" - 10"3
Turrets - Top 6"3
Engines  
Boilers Admiralty: 82,3
Shafts 41,2,3
Turbines Geared1
Pearson geared2,3
HP 130,0002,3, 152,0001
Oil 3,720 tons2,3
Gasoline  

Sources:

  1. Warships of World War II, H. T. Lenton and J. J. Colledge, 1964
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Battleships of World War Two an International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site