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Great Britain's Flag

Great Britain's Admiral class / Hood class Battlecruisers

Photos

HMS Hood in 1920:
HMS Hood in 1920
US Naval Historical Center, NH-60402

HMS Hood in American waters in July 1924:
HMS Hood in American waters in July 1924
US Naval History and Heritage Command, NH-60404

HMS Hood at Newcastle, Northern Ireland on June 25, 1927:
HMS Hood at Newcastle, Northern Ireland on June 25, 1927
©IWM, HU-107168

HMS Hood in 1931:
HMS Hood in 1931
US Naval History and Heritage Command, NH-60419

HMS Hood in 1939:
HMS Hood in 1939
©IWM, HU-76085

HMS Hood in 1940:
HMS Hood in 1940
©IWM, HU-76082

Last known photo of the HMS Hood as seen from the HMS Prince of Wales:
Last known photo of the HMS Hood as seen from the HMS Prince of Wales
©IWM, HU-50190

HMS Hood:
Great Britain's HMS Renown in 1916
©IWM, FL-776

HMS Hood:
HMS Hood
©IWM, Q-65661

HMS Hood entering Plymouth Harbor:
HMS Hood entering Plymouth Harbor
©IWM, HU-108395

HMS Hood at Wellington, New Zealand:
HMS Hood at Wellington, New Zealand
©IWM, Q-83329
HMS Hood in Norway firing a salute in 1923:
HMS Hood in Norway firing a salute in 1923
©IWM, Q-83274

HMS Hood in American waters in July 1924:
HMS Hood in American waters in July 1924
US Naval History and Heritage Command, NH-60421

HMS Hood at Newcastle, Northern Ireland on June 25, 1927:
HMS Hood at Newcastle, Northern Ireland on June 25, 1927
©IWM, HU-111335

HMS Hood at Bangor, Northern Ireland on June 13, 1932:
HMS Hood at Bangor, Northern Ireland on June 13, 1932
©IWM, HU-107174

HMS Hood in heavy seas in 1940:
HMS Hood in heavy seas in 1940
©IWM, HU-76081

HMS Hood at Moray Firth in 1940:
HMS Hood at Moray Firth in 1940
©IWM, HU-76080

HMS Hood's anti-aircraft-control:
HMS Hood's anti-aircraft-control
©IWM, A-174

HMS Hood:
HMS Hood
©IWM, HU-108390

HMS Hood:
HMS Hood
©IWM, Q-65664

HMS Hood during speed trials off the Isle of Arran:
HMS Hood during speed trials off the Isle of Arran
©IWM, Q-17879
HMS Hood in Honolulu, Hawaii on June 12, 1924:
HMS Hood in Honolulu, Hawaii on June 12, 1924
US Naval History and Heritage Command, NH-60409

HMS Hood in the Panama Canal zone in July 1924:
HMS Hood in the Panama Canal zone in July 1924
US Naval History and Heritage Command, NH-60452

HMS Hood in European waters in 1931:
HMS Hood in European waters in 1931
US Naval History and Heritage Command, NH-60792

HMS Hood at Bangor, Northern Ireland on June 13, 1932:
HMS Hood at Bangor, Northern Ireland on June 13, 1932
©IWM, HU-107175

HMS Hood in 1940:
HMS Hood in 1940
©IWM, A-176

HMS Hood's crew painting sides in 1940:
HMS Hood's crew painting sides in 1940
©IWM, A-180

HMS Hood in the Caribbean with the HMS Repulse in the distance:
HMS Hood in the Caribbean with the HMS Repulse in the distance
©IWM, Q-83389

HMS Hood:
HMS Hood
©IWM, HU-108392

HMS Hood:
HMS Hood
©IWM, Q-75272

HMS Hood under construction:
HMS Hood under construction
©IWM, Q-19450
HMS Hood in Honolulu, Hawaii on June 12, 1924:
HMS Hood in Honolulu, Hawaii on June 12, 1924
US Naval History and Heritage Command, NH-60450

HMS Hood during maneuvers off Portland with the HMS Repulse in 1926:
HMS Hood during maneuvers off Portland with the HMS Repulse in 1926
US Naval History and Heritage Command, NH-57184

HMS Hood in 1931:
HMS Hood in 1931
US Naval History and Heritage Command, NH-60418

HMS Hood in 1939:
HMS Hood in 1939
©IWM, HU-76083

HMS Hood in 1940:
HMS Hood in 1940
©IWM, A-178

HMS Hood exploding as seen from the KMS Prinz Eugen on May 24, 1941:
HMS Hood exploding as seen from the KMS Prinz Eugen on May 24, 1941
US Naval History Historical Center, NH-69724

HMS Hood with the HMS Furious behind:
HMS Hood with the HMS Furious behind
©IWM, HU-108393

HMS Hood:
HMS Hood
©IWM, HU-67486

HMS Hood:
HMS Hood
©IWM, Q-75500

HMS Hood:
HMS Hood
US Naval History and Heritage Collection, NH-86392-KN

Design

Design work on a new experimental battleship was given to the Board of Admiralty in November 1915.3 It was to base its design on the battle experience that the British Navy had up until that time.3 Underwater protection against torpedoes was to be improved.3 Secondary armament mounted in casements hurt a ships ability to stay afloat.3 At least six designs were considered by early 1916.3

Admiral Jelicoe, Commander in Chief of the Grand Fleet stated that battleships were no longer needed but to combat new German ships, battlecruisers were.3 In February 1916, six new designs were proposed.3 A final design was selected on April 7, 1916.3 The first three ships were ordered the same day and in July the Anson was ordered too.3

The HMS Hood's initial design stated it was to only be 33,600 tons and go 33 knots.1

The HMS Hood was laid down on May 31, 1916, the same day as the Battle of Jutland.3 The design of the HMS Hood was reevaluated and it was thought that by improving flash tightness it wouldn't suffer the same fate as three other battlecruisers at the Battle of Jutland.3 After the Battle of Jutland extra armor was added.1

After more analysis of the Battle of Jutland it was decided to add additional horizontal armor to help protect the ship from plunging fire.3

Armament

The 5.5" secondary armament could fire a 82 lb shell 17,700 yards at 30°.3

Engines

There were 24 Yarrow boilers split amongst four spaces.3 The forward engine room powered the outer shafts.3 The middle engine room powered the port inner shaft.3 The aft engine room powered the starboard inner shaft.3

Ships

HMS Hood

  • Manufacturer: Clydebank1,4, John Brown3,4
  • August 22, 1918: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • £6,025,00: Cost to build.4
  • March 5, 1920: Completed.3,4 Became flagship of the Battlecruiser Squadron of the Atlantic Fleet.3
  • 1920 - 1921: Refit.3 Bridge modified.3 Two searchlights removed.3
  • May 1920: Was ordered to help in operations against Bolsheviks, but was diverted to Sweden, Denmark and Norway instead.3
  • Autumn 1923: Two searchlights added.3
  • June - July 1923: Visited Norway and Denmark.3
  • November 27, 1923 - September 29, 1924: World cruise.3
  • October - December 1924: Refit at Devonport.3
  • December 1924 - March 1932: With the Atlantic Fleet.3
  • November 1925 - January 1926: Improved rangefinders added.3
  • 1927: Two searchlights removed.3
  • 1929 - 1931, June 1929 - May 19313: Refit.2 Catapult and crane added to quarterdeck.2,3 Two 2 pdr Mk V 8 barrel guns added.3 Bridge modified.3 Add 720 tons of fuel storage.3
  • March - May 1932: Two 0.5" quad mount machine guns added.3
  • March 1932: Joined the newly formed Home Fleet.3
  • Spring 19323, June 1932: Catapult and crane removed.2,3
  • January 1935: Collided with HMS Renown off the Spanish coast.3
  • January - May 1935: Repairs.3
  • July 1935: A part of the Spithead Review.3
  • September 1935: With the Battlecruiser Squadron moved to Gibraltar.3
  • 1937 - 1938: Member of Spanish Civil War patrols.3
  • November - December 19373, December 1937: Refit at Malta.3 Torpedo tubes removed.2,3 2pdr Mk VI eight barrel gun added.3 Two 4" Mk IV guns added.3 Two 0.5" Mk III quad mount machine guns added.3
  • June 1938: Two 5.5" guns replaced by two 4" Mk IV guns.3
  • 1938 - 1941: With the Home Fleet.1
  • February - August 1939: Refit.3 Two 4" HA guns replaced by four 4" HA Mk XIX twin mounts.3 Four 44" searchlights added.3
  • July 1939: 4" gun and two 5.5" guns removed.3 Tower and searchlights between funnels removed.3
  • December 1939: Convoy escort for troop convoys.3
  • March - May 26, 1940: At Devonport.3 Rest of 5.5" guns removed.3 Three 4" Mk XIX twin mounts added.3
  • June 1940: Joined Force H at the flagship.3
  • July 3, 1940: Attacked French Fleet at Oran.3
  • July 1940: Convoy escort to Malta.3
  • August 1940: Raid on Cagliari.3
  • August 8, 1940: Rejoined Home Fleet.3
  • November 1940: Participated in hunt for KMS Scharnhorst.3
  • March 8 - 21, 1940: Hunt for KMS Scharnhorst and KMS Gneisenau.3
  • April 1940: Based at Hvalfjord in Iceland.3
  • May 22, 1941: Left Scapa Flow to hunt for KMS Bismarck with the HMS Prince of Wales.3
  • May 24, 1941: Sunk.1,2,3

HMS Anson

  • Manufacturer: Armstrong1,3,4
  • 1918, March 17, 19193: Cancelled1

HMS Howe

  • Manufacturer: Cammell Laird1,3,4
  • 1918, March 17, 19193: Cancelled1

HMS Rodney

  • Manufacturer: Fairfield1,3,4
  • 1918, March 17, 19193: Cancelled1

Usage

Show the Flag

To show the British Empire the high cost of the fleet, the HMS Hood, HMS Repulse, HMS Delhi, HMS Dauntless, HMS Danae, and HMS Dragon went on a world cruise starting on November 27, 1923 and returning to Plymouth on September 29, 1924.3

They sailed to Cape Town, South Africa then across the Indian Ocean to Malaya.3 On down to Australia and New Zealand then across the Pacific to Canada.3 Stopped in the United States on their way to go through the Panama Canal.3 From there to Jamaica then up to Halifax and Quebec.3 Then home to Plymouth.3

The trip was 40,000 nautical miles and the HMS Hood had 250,000 people visit her.3

Battle of the Denmark Strait

On May 24, 1941 the HMS Hood was hit by one or more 15" shells from the KMS Bismarck.2,3 She sank in about three minutes and there were only three survivors.3

 

Specifications

  HMS Hood
Crew 1,3414, 1,3973
Displacement 42,100 tons1,4, 42,670 tons3
Displacement - Loaded 46,200 tons4, 46,680 tons2,3
Displacement - Loaded - May 1940 48,360 tons2
Physical Characteristics  
Length 860' 6"1, 860' 7"3,4
262.17 m3
Length - Between Perpendiculars 810'1,4, 810' 5"3
246.9 m3
Length - Water Line 850' 7"3
259.2 m3
Beam 104' 2"3, 105' 2.5"4, 105' 6"1
31.74 m3
Draft / Height 28' 6"1,4, 29' 3"3
8.9 m3
Draft / Height - Maximum 31' 6"4
Performance  
Speed 31 knots1,3,4
Range at 14 knots 7,500 nautical miles3
Armament 15" L/42: 84
15" BL Mk I twin turrets: 43
15" twin turrets: 41
5.5": 121
5.5" L/50: 124
5.5" BL Mk I: 123
Armament - June 1938 5.5": -22
Armament - June - August 1939 5.5": 22
4" Mk XVI twin mounts: 42
Armament - April 1940 5.5": -122
4" Mk XVI twin mounts: +32
Anti-Aircraft 4.7": 24
4": 44
4" QF Mk V: 43
4" twin mounts: 41
3 pdr: 44
2 pdr 8 barrel: 31
0.5" machine gun quad mounts: 51
Anti-Aircraft - 1929 - 1931 2 pdr 8 barrel pompoms: +22
Anti-Aircraft - December 1937 4" Mk V: 62
2 pdr 8 barrel pompom: +12
Anti-Aircraft - June 1938 4" Mk V: 82
Anti-Aircraft - June - August 1939 4" Mk V: -82
Torpedo Tubes 21": 41
Torpedo Tubes - Below Waterline 21": 23,4
Torpedo Tubes - Above Waterline 21" 43,4
Aircraft None3
Fairey III F: 14
Armor  
Belt - Main 5" - 12"1,3
Bulkheads 1.5" - 5"3
Deck 1.25" - 3.75"1
Deck - Lower 2"3
Deck - Main 1" - 3"3, 1.5" - 3"4
Deck - Upper 2"3
Turrets 11" - 15"1
Turrets - Front 15"3,4
Turrets - Rear 11" - 12"3
Turrets - Side 11" - 12"3,4
Turrets - Top 5"3
Engines  
Boilers Yarrow: 244, 323
Shafts 41,4
Turbines Brown-Curtis Geared3,4
Geared1
HP 144,0001,3,4
Oil 3,895 tons3, 4,000 tons4
Oil - 1931 4,615 tons2
Gasoline  

Sources:

  1. Warships of World War II, H. T. Lenton and J. J. Colledge, 1964
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Battleships of World War Two an International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1998
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site