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Great Britain's Gun Penetration Tables

20 mm

Weapon 20 mm
Type of Ammunition SAPHEI HEI HEIT
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,725 2,725 2,725

37 mm

Weapon 37 mm
Type of Ammunition AP M74 APCBC M51 Littlejohn HE M63 Cannister M2
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,900 2,900 3,100 2,700 2,450
°   30 30    
Armor Penetration (mm)
1000 meters   53 60    

2 pdr

Weapon 2 pdr (40 mm)
2 pdr OQF Mks IX, X, XA
2 pdr (40 mm) Mk IX or Mk X, L/50
Type of Ammunition AP APHV APCBC APCNR Littlejohn Mk II   AP AP HV/T APCBC SV
Weight (lb) 2 lb 6 oz 2.2 2.1
2 lb 1.5 oz
      2 lb 6 oz   2 lb 11 oz 1 lb
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,800 2,800 2,600   3,900   2,600, 2,800 2,800 2,600 4,200
° 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30
Armor Penetration (mm)
500 yards             2.28" 2.52" 53 88
1000 yards             2.05"
40
2.24" 49 72
1500 yards             1.81" 2.01" 44 60
2000 yards             1.57" 1.77" 40 48
500 meters 52, 57   57, 57.5 88   53        
1000 meters 40, 42 44.2 50.6, 45 72, 57 79 40        
1500 meters     40              
Effective Range
HE     2,000 yards              

3 pdr

Weapon 3 pdr OQF 2 cwt Gun Mk II, 47 mm, L/40
Type of Ammunition APHE
Weight (lb) 3 lb 4 oz
Velocity (ft/sec) 1,840
° 30
Armor Penetration (mm)
1000 yards 25
Effective Range
Shot 2,000 yards

6 pdr

Weapon 6 pdr OQF Mks III, V
6 pdr OQF 7 cwt Mk 3 or Mk 5, 57 mm
6 pdr Mk V
Type of Ammunition AP APHV APCBC APDS (SABOT) HE Littlejohn Composite rigid AP   AP APC APCBC APDS
Weight (lb) 6 lb 4 oz   7 lb 2 oz             6 lb 4 oz      
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,800 2,950 2,630, 2,725 4,000 2,775         2,965 2,830 2,700 3,900
° 30   30 0 30   30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30
Armor Penetration (mm)
500 yards     87   131             2.95" 3.19" 5.16"
1000 yards     80   117             2.64" 2.91" 4.61"
1500 yards     73   103             2.17" 2.48" 4.25"
2000 yards     67   90             2.05" 2.2" 3.54"
500 meters 81   81, 86.5   130, 131   123 109   75 83      
1000 meters     74.5, 74, 79.8, 88 146, 136 118, 117   111 90 74 63        
1500 meters     64, 73.5, 68   101, 103   101 75            
2000 meters     58, 63   90                  
Effective Range
HE     5,500                      
Shot     2,000 yards                      

75 mm

Weapon 75 mm OQF Mks V, VA,
75 mm Mk V or Mk VA

75 mm OQF Mk V, L/36.5
Type of Ammunition AP HE APCBC MV APC APC M61 APCBC APCBC M61 APCBC HE M61
Weight (lb) 13.75 lb 13.75 lb   14 lb 4 oz        
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,030 2,030 2,030 2,030 2,030 2,650 2,030 2,030
° 30   30 30 30 30 30 30
Armor Penetration (mm)
500 yards       68 2.6" 103    
1000 yards       61 2.36" 94    
1500 yards       54 2.17" 86    
2000 yards       47 1.97" 78    
500 meters 68   69.5       100  
1000 meters     63       93, 63 63
1500 meters     57       82  
2000 meters             77  
Effective Range
HE       10,000 yards        
Smoke       4,500 yards        
Shot       2,000 yards        
Weapon 75 mm OQF Mks V, VA,
75 mm Mk V or Mk VA

75 mm OQF Mk V, L/36.5
Type of Ammunition HE M48 Super Smoke BE Mk II Smoke BE Mk V HE M48 Reduced HE M48 Normal AP M72 HE Mk I Normal HE Mk I Reduced
Velocity (ft/sec) 1,980 850 850 950 1,515 2,030 1,814 1,135
°           30    
Armor Penetration (mm)
500 yards           2.99"    
1000 yards           2.48"    
1500 yards           2.01"    
2000 yards           1.69"    

76 mm

Weapon 76 mm, 76 mm M1A1
Type of Ammunition AP M79 APC M62 APCBC M62 APCBC HE M62 APCR M93 HE Smoke M88 BE
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,600 2,600 2,600 2,600 3,400 2,700 900
°   30     30    
Armor Penetration (mm)
500 yards   3.66"     6.18"    
1000 yards   3.46"     5.31"    
1500 yards   3.23"     4.57"    
2000 yards   2.95"     3.86"    

3"

Weapon 3" Howitzer OQF Mks I, IA
Type of Ammunition HE Smoke
Weight (lb) 13 7/8 lb 13.25 lb
Velocity (ft/sec) 600-700 ft/sec 600-700 ft/sec

77 mm

Weapon 77 Mk I 77 mm
77 mm OQF Mk II, L/50
Type of Ammunition APCBC APDS APCBC APDS HE
Weight (lb)     17 lb 7 lb 11 oz  
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,600 3,675 2,575, 2,600 3,675 1,650
° 30 30 0 30 60 30  
Armor Penetration (mm)
500 yards 4.33" 7.01"   120   182  
1000 yards 4.13" 5.91"   110   165  
1500 yards 3.58" 5.16"   100   148  
2000 yards 3.5" 4.8"   90   130  
500 meters     145 115, 110, 120 52 178  
1000 meters     136 108, 100, 110 48 149  
1500 meters     124 100, 91 45 131  
2000 meters       85, 90   120  
Effective Range
HE       7,000      
Smoke       2,000      
Shot       2,000   1,500  

17 pdr

Weapon 17 pdr OQF Mk 2, L/55
Type of Ammunition APCBC APDS
Weight (lb) 17 lb 7 lb 11 oz
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,900 3,950
° 30 30
Armor Penetration (mm)
500 yards 125 187
1000 yards 118 170
1500 yards 110 153
2000 yards 98 135
Effective Range
HE 12,000  
Shot 2,500 1,800
Weapon 17 pdr (76 mm)
17 pdr OQF Mks II, IV, VI, VII
Type of Ammunition APCBC APDS HE HE Mk I HE Mk II APC Composite Rigid AP  
Weight (lb) 17 lb 8.15 lb, 7.63 lb 17 lb     17 lb   17 lb, 16.94 lb  
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,900 3,950   2,950 1,800     2,900 ft/sec  
° 0 30 60 0 30 60       30 30 30 30
Armor Penetration (mm)
500 meters 172 136, 127, 140 62 248 200, 183, 208, 186 70       121 155   123
1000 meters 162 128, 120, 130, 119 58 232, 231 188, 172, 192, 200, 231 65       109, 118 138 109 113
1500 meters 150 119, 112, 120 55 213 172, 155, 176 60       98 122   93
2000 meters   107, 111     145,161                
Weapon 17 pdr Mk II and Mk VII
Type of Ammunition APCBC APDS
Velocity (ft/sec) 2,900 3,950
° 30 30
Armor Penetration (mm)
500 yards 5.51" 8.19"
1000 yards 5.12" 7.56"
1500 yards 4.72" 6.93"
2000 yards 4.37" 6.34"

20 pdr

Weapon 20 pdr 20 pdr Mk I
Type of Ammunition APDS Mk I APCBC APDS Mk 3
Velocity (ft/sec)   3,346 4,692
° 0 30 60 30 30
Armor Penetration (mm)
500 yards       7.72" 11.61"
1000 yards       7.2" 10.91"
1500 yards       6.65" 10.24"
2000 yards       6.14" 9.57"
500 meters 300 240 80    
1000 meters 280 225 75    
1500 meters 260 210 67    

25 pdr

Weapon 25 pdr (88 mm)
° 30
Armor Penetration (mm)
500 meters 62
1000 meters 54

3.7"

Weapon 3.7" Mortar (Howitzer) OQF Mk I
Weight (lb) 10.5 lb
Velocity (ft/sec) 620 ft/sec

95 mm

Weapon 95 mm
95 mm Tank Howitzer OQF Mk I, L/20
95 mm Mk I
Type of Ammunition HEAT HECF HE HE Reduced Smoke BE HEAT
Weight (lb) 14 lb 13 oz   25 lb      
Velocity (ft/sec) 1,650 1,200 1,050 500 660 1,075
° 30 30       30
Armor Penetration (mm)
100 yards 110          
500 yards 110         4.33"
1000 yards 110         4.33"
1500 yards 110          
2000 yards 110          
2500 yards 110          
500 meters 110          
1000 meters   120        
1500 meters 110          
Effective Range
HE     6,000      
Smoke     3,400      

105 mm

Weapon 105 mm
Type of Ammunition HEAT M67 HE M1
Velocity (ft/sec) 1,200 1,550
° 20  
Armor Penetration (mm)
1000 meters 120  

290 mm

Weapon 290 mm Mortar, Recoiling Spigot Mks I, II
Weight (lb) 40 lb

Sources:

  1. British and American Tanks of World War Two, The Complete Illustrated History of British, American, and Commonwealth Tanks 1933-1945, Peter Chamberlain and Chris Ellis, 1969
  2. World War II Infantry Anti-Tank Tactics, Gordon L Rottman, 2005
  3. Cromwell Cruiser Tanks, 1942-1950, David Fletcher & Richard C Harley, 2006
  4. AFV 1, Churchill, B.I.T. Mk IV, B.T. White
  5. Western Allied Tanks 1939-45, David Porter, 2009
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site