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Great Britain's Bristol Bombay transport

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Bristol Bombay transport:
Great Britain's Bristol Bombay transport
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook
Bristol Bombay transport:
Great Britain's Bristol Bombay transport
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Design

The Bristol Bombay was designed to meet a 1931 specification for a troop carrier and bomber transport.

The Bombay was an all metal plane with a high wing and fixed landing gear.

The Bristol Type 130 was trialed against the Handley Page HP.51 (later it became the Harrow bomber) and Armstrong Whitworth AW.23.

Prototype

The Bristol Type 130 prototype first flew on June 23, 1935.

The first production Bristol Mk I flew in March 1939.

Production

Manufactured by Short and Harland at their factory in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Production started in 1939 because Bristol's priority was to produce the Blenheim. Production ended in June 1940.

  • Prototype: 1
  • Bombay Mk I: 50
  • Total: 51

Usage

Middle East

The Nos 117 and 216 Squadrons in the Middle East were equipped with the Bombay.

It was used as a night bomber along the African coast.

The Bombays were used in the evacuation of Crete.

There was a paratroop drop over Libya in November 1941 that the Bombay took part in.

British Islands

The Bombay equipped the No 271 Squadron in Britain.

The Bombays were used to take supplies to the British Expeditionary Forces (BEF) in France.

Retired

The Bombay was retired in August 1944.

Specifications

  Bristol Bombay, Bristol Bombay Mk I
Type Troop carrier, Bomber-transport
Crew 3, 4
Passengers 24
Engine (Type) 2: Bristol Pegasus XXII
Cylinders Radial, Radial 9
Cooling Air
HP 1,010 each
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 95' 9"
29.18 m
Length 69' 3"
21.11 m
Height 19' 6", 19' 11"
6.07 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 13,800 lb
6,260 kg
Loaded 20,000 lb
9,072 kg
Performance  
Speed 200 mph
Speed @ 6,500' /
1,982 m
192 mph
309 kph
Cruising speed 160 mph
257 kph
Climb 750'/minute
229 m/minute
Service ceiling 25,000'
7,620 m
Range 800 miles, 880 miles
1,416 km
Range with auxiliary
fuel tanks
2,230 miles
3,588 km
Cruising range 2,250 miles
Armament  
Nose turret 1: MG
1: 0.303" MG
Tail turret 1: MG
1: 0.303" MG
Bombs 2,000 lb
907 kg

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site