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Great Britain's Bristol Bombay transport

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Bristol Bombay transport:
Great Britain's Bristol Bombay transport
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook
Bristol Bombay transport:
Great Britain's Bristol Bombay transport
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Design

The Bristol Bombay was designed to meet a 1931 specification for a troop carrier and bomber transport.1,2

The Bombay was an all metal plane with a high wing and fixed landing gear.2,3

The Bristol Type 130 was trialed against the Handley Page HP.51 (later it became the Harrow bomber) and Armstrong Whitworth AW.23.1

Prototype

The Bristol Type 130 prototype first flew on June 23, 1935.1,2

The first production Bristol Mk I flew in March 1939.1

Production

Manufactured by Short and Harland at their factory in Belfast, Northern Ireland.1,2 Production started in 1939 because Bristol's priority was to produce the Blenheim.1 Production ended in June 1940.1

  • Prototype: 11
  • Bombay Mk I: 501,2
  • Total: 511

Usage

Middle East

The Nos 117 and 216 Squadrons in the Middle East were equipped with the Bombay.1

It was used as a night bomber along the African coast.1

The Bombays were used in the evacuation of Crete.1

There was a paratroop drop over Libya in November 1941 that the Bombay took part in.1

British Islands

The Bombay equipped the No 271 Squadron in Britain.1

The Bombays were used to take supplies to the British Expeditionary Forces (BEF) in France.1

Retired

The Bombay was retired in August 1944.1

Specifications

  Bristol Bombay, Bristol Bombay Mk I
Type Troop carrier1, Bomber-transport1,2,3
Crew 31, 42,3
Passengers 241,2,3
Engine (Type) 2: Bristol Pegasus XXII1,2,3
Cylinders Radial3, Radial 91,2
Cooling Air2,3
HP 1,010 each1,2
Propeller blades 31
Dimensions  
Span 95' 9"1,2,3
29.18 m1
Length 69' 3"1,2,3
21.11 m1
Height 19' 6"3, 19' 11"1,2
6.07 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 13,800 lb1
6,260 kg1
Loaded 20,000 lb1,2,3
9,072 kg1
Performance  
Speed 200 mph3
Speed @ 6,500' /
1,982 m
192 mph1,2
309 kph1
Cruising speed 160 mph1
257 kph1
Climb 750'/minute1
229 m/minute1
Service ceiling 25,000'1,2
7,620 m1
Range 800 miles1, 880 miles2
1,416 km1
Range with auxiliary
fuel tanks
2,230 miles1
3,588 km1
Cruising range 2,250 miles3
Armament  
Nose turret 1: MG2
1: 0.303" MG1
Tail turret 1: MG2
1: 0.303" MG1
Bombs 2,000 lb1,2
907 kg1

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site