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Great Britain's De Havilland Tiger Moth trainer

Photos

  • De Havilland DH82A Tiger Moth
  • de Havilland DH82A Tiger Moth Mk II
  • De Havilland DH82A Tiger Moth Mk II
  • De Havilland DH82A Tiger Moth Mk II
  • De Havilland Tiger Moth

Design

The de Havilland Tiger Moth was an open cockpit biplane trainer. Potential Royal Air Force (RAF) pilots trained in the Tiger Moth for 15 years.

The skin of the Tiger Moth was mostly fabric, which was over a frame of metal and wood. There was metal covering the frame in the front of the fuselage.

Prototype

The DH.82 Prototype first flew on October 26, 1931 / October 29, 1931.

Production

First order of 35 were delivered in November 1931. Production went until 1945.

  • DH.82, DH.82A, DH.82C: 8,796
    • Australia: 1,070
    • Britain: 5,483
    • Canada: 1,747
    • New Zealand: 345
    • Norway: 37
    • Portugal: 91
    • Sweden: 23
    • Manufactured in Australia, Britain, Canada, and New Zealand
  • DH.82B: 420
    • Built by de Havilland and Scottish Aviation.
  • DH.82C: 1,520
    • Produced in Canada

Prewar Production

Canada, Norway, Portugal, and Sweden had licensed the production of the Tiger Moth.

Expanded Production

After the war started de Havilland subsidiaries in Australia, Canada, and New Zealand started production.

In 1940 Morris Motors took over production in Britain. They produced 3,508 of the total Tiger Moths constructed.

Variants

  • DH.82 Prototype: Had a Gipsy III engine (120 HP).
  • DH.82:
  • DH.82A / Tiger Moth II: Production started in 1934. Had more powerful engine. The top decking fabric was replaced by plywood.
  • DH.82B Queen Bee: Was a radio controlled gunnery target. Had a wooden fuselage.
  • DH.82C: Had an enclosed cockpit. Had a skid wheel replaced by a tail wheel. Had Gipsy Major IC engine (145 HP).
    • 136 were powered by the Menasco Pirate engine (120 HP). There was a shortage of Gipsy engines due to U-boats in the Atlantic.

Usage

The de Havilland Tiger Moth was used by Australia, Britain, Canada, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, New Zealand, Portugal, South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, and United States.

In February 1932 the RAF received the first of their Tiger Moths.

Training

40 Royal Air Force training establishments were using the Tiger Moth by September 1939.

The number of Elementary Flying Schools equipped with Tiger Moths in the following countries:

  • Australia: 12
  • Britain: 28
  • Canada: 25
  • India: 2
  • New Zealand: 4
  • Southern Rhodesia: 5
  • South Africa: 7

After War Use

The RAF retired the last Tiger Moth in 1955.

Specifications

  de Havilland Tiger Moth
Type Trainer
Crew 2
Dimensions  
Span 29' 4"
8.94 m
Length 23' 11"
7.29 m
Height 8' 9.5"
2.68 m
Weight  
Empty 1,115 lb
506 kg
Loaded 1,750 lb
794 kg
Maximum load 1,825 lb
828 kg
Performance  
Speed 109 mph
175 kph
Cruising speed 93 mph
150 kph
Climb with maximum weight 635'/minute
193 m/minute
Service ceiling 14,000'
4,267 m
Range 300 miles
483 km
  de Havilland CH.82A Tiger Moth
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) de Havilland Gipsy Major I
Cylinders 4
Cooling  
HP 130
Propeller blades 2
  de Havilland Tiger Moth Mk II
Type Trainer
Crew 2
Engine (Type) de Havilland Gipsy Major
Cylinders I-4
Cooling Air
HP 130
Dimensions  
Span 29' 4"
8.95 m
Length 23' 11"
7.32 m
Height 8' 9", 8' 9.5"
2.71 m
Wing area 239 sq ft
22.2 sq m
Weight  
Empty 1,115 lb
506 kg
Loaded 1,770 lb
804 kg
Maximum load 1,825 lb
829 kg
Performance  
Speed 109 mph
Speed at Sea Level 109 mph
175 kph
Cruising speed  
Climb 673' per minute
202 m per minute
Climb to 5,000' /
1,525 m
9 minutes
Climb to 10,000' /
3,050 m
23.5 minutes
Service ceiling 13,500', 17,000'
4,150 m
Range 300 miles
Armament None

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
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