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Great Britain's De Havilland Tiger Moth trainer

Photos

  • De Havilland DH82A Tiger Moth
  • de Havilland DH82A Tiger Moth Mk II
  • De Havilland DH82A Tiger Moth Mk II
  • De Havilland DH82A Tiger Moth Mk II
  • De Havilland Tiger Moth

Design

The de Havilland Tiger Moth was an open cockpit biplane trainer.1 Potential Royal Air Force (RAF) pilots trained in the Tiger Moth for 15 years.2

The skin of the Tiger Moth was mostly fabric, which was over a frame of metal and wood.2 There was metal covering the frame in the front of the fuselage.2

Prototype

The DH.82 Prototype first flew on October 26, 19311 / October 29, 19312.

Production

First order of 35 were delivered in November 1931.1 Production went until 1945.1

  • DH.82, DH.82A, DH.82C: 8,7961
    • Australia: 1,0701
    • Britain: 5,4831
    • Canada: 1,7471
    • New Zealand: 3451
    • Norway: 371
    • Portugal: 911
    • Sweden: 231
    • Manufactured in Australia, Britain, Canada, and New Zealand2
  • DH.82B: 4201
    • Built by de Havilland and Scottish Aviation.1
  • DH.82C: 1,5201
    • Produced in Canada1

Prewar Production

Canada, Norway, Portugal, and Sweden had licensed the production of the Tiger Moth.1

Expanded Production

After the war started de Havilland subsidiaries in Australia, Canada, and New Zealand started production.1

In 1940 Morris Motors took over production in Britain.1 They produced 3,508 of the total Tiger Moths constructed.1

Variants

  • DH.82 Prototype: Had a Gipsy III engine (120 HP).1
  • DH.82:
  • DH.82A / Tiger Moth II: Production started in 1934.1 Had more powerful engine.1 The top decking fabric was replaced by plywood.1
  • DH.82B Queen Bee: Was a radio controlled gunnery target.1 Had a wooden fuselage.1
  • DH.82C: Had an enclosed cockpit.1 Had a skid wheel replaced by a tail wheel.1 Had Gipsy Major IC engine (145 HP).1
    • 136 were powered by the Menasco Pirate engine (120 HP).1 There was a shortage of Gipsy engines due to U-boats in the Atlantic.1

Usage

The de Havilland Tiger Moth was used by Australia, Britain, Canada, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, New Zealand, Portugal, South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, and United States.1

In February 1932 the RAF received the first of their Tiger Moths.2

Training

40 Royal Air Force training establishments were using the Tiger Moth by September 1939.1

The number of Elementary Flying Schools equipped with Tiger Moths in the following countries:

  • Australia: 121
  • Britain: 281
  • Canada: 251
  • India: 21
  • New Zealand: 41
  • Southern Rhodesia: 51
  • South Africa: 71

After War Use

The RAF retired the last Tiger Moth in 1955.1

Specifications

  de Havilland Tiger Moth
Type Trainer1
Crew 21
Dimensions  
Span 29' 4"1
8.94 m1
Length 23' 11"1
7.29 m1
Height 8' 9.5"1
2.68 m1
Weight  
Empty 1,115 lb1
506 kg1
Loaded 1,750 lb1
794 kg1
Maximum load 1,825 lb1
828 kg1
Performance  
Speed 109 mph1
175 kph1
Cruising speed 93 mph1
150 kph1
Climb with maximum weight 635'/minute1
193 m/minute1
Service ceiling 14,000'1
4,267 m1
Range 300 miles1
483 km1
  de Havilland CH.82A Tiger Moth1
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) de Havilland Gipsy Major I1
Cylinders 41
Cooling  
HP 1301
Propeller blades 21
  de Havilland Tiger Moth Mk II
Type Trainer2,3
Crew 22,3
Engine (Type) de Havilland Gipsy Major2,3
Cylinders I-42,3
Cooling Air2,3
HP 1302
Dimensions  
Span 29' 4"2,3
8.95 m3
Length 23' 11"2,3
7.32 m3
Height 8' 9"2, 8' 9.5"3
2.71 m3
Wing area 239 sq ft3
22.2 sq m3
Weight  
Empty 1,115 lb3
506 kg3
Loaded 1,770 lb2,3
804 kg3
Maximum load 1,825 lb3
829 kg3
Performance  
Speed 109 mph2
Speed at Sea Level 109 mph3
175 kph3
Cruising speed  
Climb 673' per minute3
202 m per minute3
Climb to 5,000' /
1,525 m
9 minutes3
Climb to 10,000' /
3,050 m
23.5 minutes3
Service ceiling 13,500'3, 17,000'2
4,150 m3
Range 300 miles2
Armament None2

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
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