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Great Britain's Airspeed Oxford ("Ox-box") trainer

Photos

  • Airspeed Oxford
  • Airspeed Oxford
  • Airspeed Oxford
  • Airspeed Oxford
  • Airspeed Oxford
  • Airspeed Oxford

Design

The Airspeed Oxford was based on the pre World War II Envoy transport.1,2,4 The Oxford was the Royal Air Force's first two engine monoplane trainer.2

The Oxford was made out of wood.1

Gunnery Training

There was an Armstrong Whitworth dorsal turret, in some models, for air gunnery training.1

Prototype

The prototype was first flown on June 19, 1937.1,2

Production

  • Oxford: >8,0004, 8,5861, 8,7512
    • Production: 1937 - July 19451, 1937 - 19542
    • Manufacturer: Airspeed1,4, de Havilland1,4, Percival1,4, Standard Motors1,4

Variants

  • Oxford Mk I: Bombing and gunnery training with dorsal turret.1,4
  • Oxford Mk II: Navigation and radio trainer.1,4 No turret.4
  • Oxford Mk III: Navigation and radio trainer.1,4 Had constant speed propellars.1,4
  • Oxford Mk IV: Used as a test vehicle for the de Havilland Gipsy Queen engine.1,4
  • Oxford Mk V: Navigation, pilot, and radio trainer.1,4 Had constant speed propellars.1,4 Primarily used in Canada and Southern Rhodesia.1

Usage

The Royal Air Force Central Flying School first received the Oxfords in November 1937.1,2

The Oxfords entered service in January 1938.4

Important Trainer

Aircrews were trained in twin engine flying, bombing, gunnery, radio, night flying, photography, and navigation.1,2,3

Used by Countries

The Airspeed Oxford was used by Australia4 (391), Britain, Canada4, France, New Zealand4, Portugal, South Africa (700), Southern Rhodesia4, and United States4.1

Specifications

  Airspeed Oxford
Type Advanced trainer3, Aircrew trainer1, Light transport1
Crew 31
Passengers 61
Engine (Type) 2: Armstrong-Siddeley Cheetah X3
HP 355 each3
Propeller blades 21
Dimensions  
Span 53' 4"1,3,4
16.25 m1,4
Length 34' 6"1,3, 40'4
10.51 m1, 12.2 m4
Height 10' 5"4, 11' 1"1,3
3.17 m4, 3.38 m1
Weight  
Empty 4,592 lb4
2,085 kg4
Loaded 6,935 lb4, 7,500 lb3
3,148 kg4
Performance  
Speed 185 mph3
Speed at 5,000' 126 mph4
202 kph4
Climb 865'/minute4
264 m/minute4
Service ceiling 14,700'4
4,480 m4
Range 960 miles3
Armament  
Dorsal turret 1: MG3
  Airspeed Oxford Mk I
Type Trainer2,4
Crew 32
Engine (Type) 2: Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah IX1,2,4
OR 2: Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah X4
Cylinders Radial 71,2
Cooling Air2,4
HP 350 each2, 355 each1,4
Propeller blades - Mk IX Metal4
Propeller blades - Mk X Wood4
Dimensions  
Span 53' 4"2
Length 34' 6"2
Height 11' 1"2
Weight  
Loaded 7,600 lb2
Performance  
Speed 185 mph2
Service ceiling 19,500'2
Range 960 miles2
Armament None2
Dorsal turret 0.303" MG1
  Airspeed Oxford Mk II1
Type Trainer4
Engine (Type) 2: Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah X1
HP 375 each1
Weight  
Empty 5,380 lb1
2,440 kg1
Loaded 7,600 lb1
3,447 kg1
Performance  
Speed 188 mph1
302 kph1
Climb 1,480'/minute1
450 m/minute1
Service ceiling 19,500'1
5,944 m1
Range 550 miles1
885 km1
  Airspeed Oxford Mk III
Type Trainer4
Engine (Type) 2: Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah XV1,4
HP 425 each1,4
Propeller blades 2 blade constant speed4
  Airspeed Oxford Mk IV1
Engine (Type) 2: Pratt & Whitney R-985 Wasp Junior1
2: D. H. Gypsyqueen IV4
Cylinders Radial 91
Inline 64
Cooling Air4
HP 450 each1
  Airspeed Oxford Mk V1
Type Trainer4
Engine (Type) 2: Pratt & Whitney R-985-AN6 Wasp Junior4
Cylinders Radial 94
Cooling Air4
Propeller blades Two blade Hamilton Standard variable pitch4
Weight  
Empty 5,670 lb1
2,572 kg1
Loaded 8,000 lb1
3,630 kg1
Performance  
Speed 205 mph1
330 kph1
Climb 2,000'/minute1
610 m/minute1

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  4. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site