World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
Great Britain's flag Great Britain's RAF aircraft marking

Great Britain's Taylorcraft Auster reconnaissance

Photos

  • Taylorcraft Auster Mk I reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster Mk I reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster Mk I reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster Mk III reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster Mk III reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster Mk III reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster Mk III reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster Mk IV reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster Mk IV reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster Mk IV reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster Mk IV reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster Mk IV reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster Mk V reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster reconnaissance
  • Taylorcraft Auster reconnaissance

Design

Before World War II the Taylorcraft Auster was designed for the United States' civilian pilot market.1

The Taylorcraft Plus C was chosen to be the Auster Mk I.1

Cockpit

The Auster's cockpit had excellent viability for the pilot and the observer.1 The rear of the cockpit had room to carry a small amount of cargo when needed.1

Wing

The wing had a large trailing edge flaps which allowed for very low speed.1

Tail

The rudder was large and afforded the Auster excellent turning ability.1

Engine

There were two hatches that lifted upwards that provided easy access to the engine.1

Undercarriage

The undercarriage was strong and had big wheels for operating from rough fields.1 Some models had skis or floats.1

Production

The Taylorcraft Auster was constructed at Thurmaston in Leicestershire.1

  • Auster Mk II: 21
  • Auster Mk III: 4701
  • Auster Mk IV:
  • Auster Mk V: 8001

Variants

  • Auster Mk II: Had Lycoming engine.1
  • Auster Mk III: Had a Gipsy Major I engine (130 HP).1
  • Auster Mk IV: Had a Lycoming O-290 engine.1 Larger cabin had a third seat.1
  • Auster Mk V: Had blind flying instruments.1
  • Auster Mk V??: Experiments with floats were conducted in 1945.1

Usage

The Auster equipped 19 squadrons.1 They were used primarily in North Africa and Europe.1

Far East

The No. 656 Squadron was only one equipped with the Auster in the Far East.1

Specifications

  Taylorcraft Auster Mk III
Type Liaison2, Observation2
Crew 22
Engine (Type) D.H. Gipsy-Major2
Cylinders Inverted Inline 42
Cooling Air2
HP 1302
Propeller Blades Wooden fixed pitch2
Fuel Capacity 18 gallons2
Dimensions  
Span 36'2
11 m2
Length 23' 5"2
7.1 m2
Height 6' 8"2
2 m2
Wing Area 167 sq ft2
15.5 sq m2
Weight  
Empty 1,050 lb2
474 kg2
Loaded 1,700 lb2
772 kg2
Performance  
Speed 126 mph2
202.7 kph2
Cruising 96 mph2
154 kph2
Climb 1,075' per minute2
328 m per minute2
  Taylorcraft Auster Mk IV
Type Liaison2, Observation2
Crew 22
Engine (Type) Lycoming O-2902
Cylinders 42
Cooling Air2
HP 1302
Propeller Blades Wooden fixed pitch2
Fuel Capacity 15 gallons2
Dimensions  
Span 36'2
11 m2
Length 22' 5"2
6.83 m2
Height 6' 8"2
2 m2
Wing area 167 sq ft2
15.5 sq m2
Weight  
Empty 1,050 lb2
476 kg2
Loaded 1,920 lb2
827 kg2
Performance  
Speed 130 mph2
209 kph2
Cruising at 1,000' /
305 m
112 mph2
179 kph2
Climb 800' per minute2
244 m per minute2
Climb to 15,000' /
4,575 m
46 minutes2
Service ceiling 15,100'2
4,600 m2
Range 220 miles2
352 km2
  Taylorcraft Auster Mk V
Type Liaison1
Reconnaissance1
Crew Pilot, observer1
Engine (Type) Lycoming O-2902, Lycoming O-290-31
Cylinders Horizontally opposed 41,2
Cooling Air2
HP 1301,2
Dimensions  
Span 36'1,2
10.97 m1, 11 m2
Length 22' 5"1,2
6.83 m1,2
Height 6' 8"2, 8'1
2 m2, 2.44 m1
Wing area 167 ft2 1,2
15.5 sq m2, 15.51 m2 1
Weight  
Empty 1,050 lb2, 1,098 lb1
476 kg2, 499 kg1
Loaded 1,846 lb1, 1,920 lb2
827 kg2, 839 kg1
Performance  
Speed 130 mph1,2
209 kph1,2
Cruising 112 mph1
180 kph1
Cruising at 1,000' /
305 m
112 mph2
179 kph2
Climb 800' per minute2
244 m per minute2
Climb to 15,000' /
4,575 m
46 minutes2
Service ceiling 15,100'2, 18,500'1
4,600 m2, 5,639 m1
Range 220 miles2, 250 miles1
352 km2, 402 km1

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site