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Great Britain's De Havilland Mosquito photo reconnaissance

Photos

  • De Havilland Mosquito PR Mk IX
  • De Havilland Mosquito PR Mk IX
  • De Havilland Mosquito PR Mk IX
  • De Havilland Mosquito PR Mk XVI
  • De Havilland Mosquito PR Mk XVI
  • De Havilland Mosquito PR Mk XVI
  • De Havilland Mosquito PR Mk XVI
  • De Havilland Mosquito PR Mk XXXIV
  • De Havilland Mosquito PR Mk IX

 

Design

See design information here.

Prototype

See prototype information here.

Production

See production information here.

Variants

  • de Havilland Mosquito PR.I: Photo reconnaissance version.1,2 Had three vertical cameras.2,4 Had an oblique camera.4 Nacelles didn't protrude beyond trailing edge of wing.4
  • de Havilland Mosquito PR Mk IV: Photo reconnaissance.4 Four cameras.4
  • de Havilland Mosquito PR.VIII: Photo reconnaissance.1,4 Converted from Mk IV.4 Used Rolls-Royce Merlin 61 engines.4 Two 50 gallons jettisonable tanks under wings.4
  • de Havilland Mosquito PR.IX: Photo reconnaissance.2,4 Had two stage supercharged Rolls-Royce Merlin 72/73 engines.2 First flew in April 1943.2 Conducted meteorological flights over Europe.4 Used by United States 8th Air Force.4
  • de Havilland Mosquito PR Mk XVI: Photo reconnaissance.1,2,4 Had a pressurized cabin.2 Had an dome on top.4
  • de Havilland Mosquito PR Mk 32: Photo reconnaissance.2,4 Had longer wings for higher altitude.2,4 Made lighter by eliminating armor protection and reducing number of cameras.4
  • de Havilland Mosquito PR Mk 34: Photo reconnaissance.1,4 High altitude.1 To be used in Far East.1 Had extra fuel in a bulged bomb bay.1 First delivery in July 1944.1
  • de Havilland Mosquito PR Mk 40: Australian version.2,4 Used British or American cameras.4
  • de Havilland Mosquito PR.41: Australian photo reconnaissance.2 Had Packard-Merlin 69 (1,720 HP) engines.2
  • Fighter (F)
  • Fighter Bomber (FB)
  • Night Fighter (NF)

Usage

The Mosquito photo reconnaissance planes were used by Australia, Britain, and United States.2

The first photo reconnaissance mission was over Brest, Bordeaux, and La Pallice.2,4 The Mosquito on the mission was able to outrun three Bf 109s at 23,000'.2,3 This mission occurred on September 20, 1941.3

Specifications

  de Havilland Mosquito PR models
Type Photo reconnaissance2
Crew 22
Dimensions  
Span 54' 2"2
16.51 m2
Length 41' 6"2
12.65 m2
Height 15' 3"2
4.65 m2
  de Havilland Mosquito PR.I
Type Photo reconnaissance2, Reconniassance3
Crew 23
Engine (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 212,3,4
Cylinders V 123
Cooling Liquid3
HP 1,250 each3, 1,480 each2
Propeller blades D.H. Hydromatic constant speed4
Dimensions  
Span 54' 2"3,4
16.52 m4
Length 40' 6"3, 40' 9.5"4
12.43 m4
Height 15' 3"3
Wing area 420 sq ft4
39 sq m4
Weight  
Loaded 19,200 lb3
Performance  
Speed at 17,000' 380 mph3
Service ceiling 28,800'3
Range 1,370 miles3
Armament None3
  de Havilland Mosquito PR Mk VIII
Type Photo reconnaissance4
Engine (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 614
  de Havilland Mosquito PR.IX
Type Photo reconnaissasnce2,4
Engine (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 722
Cylinders V 122
HP 1,680 each2,3
Propeller blades 3 each2
Weight  
Empty 14,569 lb2
6,608 kg2
Loaded 22,000 lb2
9,979 kg2
Performance  
Speed 408 mph2
657 kph2
Cruising speed 250 mph2
402 kph2
Climb 2,850'/minute2
868 m/minute2
Service ceiling 38,000'2
11,582 m2
Range 2,000 miles4, 2,450 miles2
3,600 km4, 3,943 km2
  de Havilland Mosquito PR.322
Type Photo reconnaissance2
Engine (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 113/1142
  de Havilland Mosquito PR.Mk 34
Type Photo reconnaissance1
Crew 21
Engine (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 76 or 1131,2
Engine - Port 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 77 or 1144
Engine - Starboard 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 76 or 1134
Cylinders Inline1
HP 1,710 each1,2
Propeller blades 3 each2
Dimensions  
Span 54' 2"1
16.51 m1
Length 41' 6"1
12.65 m1
Height 15' 3"1
4.65 m1
Wing area 454 ft2 1
42.18 m2 1
Weight  
Empty 16,631 lb1,2
7,544 kg1,2
Loaded 25,500 lb1,2
11,567 kg1,2
Performance  
Speed @ 30,500' /
9,295 m
425 mph1
684 kph1
Speed @ 30,500' /
9,296 m
425 mph2
684 kph2
Cruising speed @ 30,000' 325 mph2
523 kph2
Climb to 15,000' /
4,570 m
72 minutes1
Service ceiling 36,000'1,2
10,970 m1, 10,973 m2
Range 3,500 miles1,2
5,633 km1,2
Range with drop tanks
at 20,000' / 6,100 m
3,000 miles4
4,800 km4
Armament None1

Sources:

  1. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  4. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site