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Great Britain's Supermarine Spitfire fighter

Photos

  • Supermarine Spitfire fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk I fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk I fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk I fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk I fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk IIA fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk IIA fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk IIA fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk IIA fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk IIA fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk IIB fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk IIB fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk V fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk V fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk V fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk V fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk V fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk VB fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk VB fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk VB fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk VB fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk VBT fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk VC fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk VC fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk VC fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk VII fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk VIII fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk VIII fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk IX fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk IX fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk IX fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk IX fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk IX fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk IX fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk X fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk XI fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk XII fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk XIVE fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk XIVE fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk XIV fighter
  • Supermarine Spitfire Mk XVI fighter
  • Production comparison.
  • Speed and Range comparison.
  • Supermarine Spitfire prototype
  • Supermarine Spitfire
  • Supermarine Spitfire
  • Supermarine Spitfire

Design

The Supermarine Spitfire was designed by Reginald J. Mitchell / Reginald Mitchell / R. J. Mitchell.1,3,5 The Spitfire was based on the seaplanes that won the Schneider Trophys.3,5,7

The design was to meet Air Ministry Specification F.7/30.7

Cockpit

The cockpit on the Spitfire had a teardrop hood allowing for good views in the early models.1 Later models had bubble canopies.1

The pilot was protected by a sheet of armor.1

Engine

The designers of the Spitfire claimed that the ejector exhaust stubs increased it's speed by 3 mph / 5 kph.1

Wing

One of the Spitfire's strengths was it's wing as it had low drag and excellent strength.1

Spitfires that were designed for low level attacks had clipped wings to allow for better agility.1

Undercarriage

The undercarriage was narrow and retracted outwards.1 This did not provide a stable platform when landing.1

Tail Wheel

In the prototype there was a tail skid, but in the production version a tail wheel replaced it.1

Spitfire Mk I

Engine

Early models of the Spitfire Mk I had the Merlin II engine, whereas later models had Merlin III engines.4 The early models also had a 2 blade propeller, which was later replaced by a 3 blade propeller.4,5

Propellers

The two bladed fixed pitch propeller was replaced by a three bladed variable pitch propeller during 1938-1940.4

Spitfire Mk V

The Spitfire Mk V was a design combining the Mk I and Mk II airframe with the Rolls-Royce Merlin 45 engine.4

Improvements During Production

The ailerons changed from being fabric covered to metal covered.4 The Merlin 50 and Merlin 55 engine had negative 'g' carburetors to help eliminate stalls in tight turns and maneuvers.4 The armor was also increased.4

Drop tanks were developed for the Spitfire Mk V.4

Tropical Version

A tropical version of the Spitfire Mk V had a large Vokes filter under the nose.4

Spitfire Mk VI

The Spitfire Mk VI was designed to intercept high flying German aircraft operating over Britain in 1941.4

The Mk VI was based on the Spitfire Mk VB's airframe and wing.4

Propeller

The Spitfire Mk VI was the first to have a four blade propeller.4

Wings

The wingtips were extended to help with better control at high altitudes.4

Cockpit

The cockpit was lightly pressurized (2 psi).4 This was located between the bulkheads for and aft of the pilot's cabin.4 The sealed cockpit canopy could not be slid open as it was bolted down and sealed before takeoff.4

Fuel

Internal fuel capacity was increased by 33% with the addition of a fuel tank in the rear fuselage.4

Spitfire Mk VII

The Spitfire Mk VII was the first substantial redesign of the Spitfire series.4 Its structure was strengthened.4

Engine

The Spitfire Mk VII used a Rolls-Royce Merlin 60 series engine.4 There were 6 port exhausts.4 The radiators were symmetrical underwing.4

Wing

The 'C' wing had shorter span ailerons and additional fuel tanks in the leading edges.4 The span was longer to help with high altitude work.4

Tail

The tail wheel was retractable.4 Many had the pointed fin and rudder.4

Cabin

The cabin was pressurized to work at high altitudes.4

Spitfire Mk VIII

The Spitfire Mk VIII was nearly the same as the Mk VII but without the pressurized cabin as its primary function was to be used at lower altitudes.4

Tropicallized

During production the Spitfire Mk VIIIs were tropicallized by having a larger carburetor intake under the nose.4

Spitfire Mk IX

The Spitfire Mk IX was designed to battle against the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 that appeared in 1941 as the Mk V was outclassed.4

New Engine

Rolls-Royce developed two more powerful engines, the 60 and 70, that were fitted to a modified Mk V.4

Spitfire Mk XII

There was a need for a fighter that could combat the hit and run raids of the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 that were hitting England's south coast.1 This lead to the installation of the Rolls-Royce Griffon engine.1

Early models were based on the Spitfire Mk V airframe with a fixed tail wheel.1 Later models were based on the Mk VIII with a retractable tail wheel.1

Engine

The fitting of the Rolls-Royce Griffon engine required that the engine cowling design be changed.1

Wings

The wings were the clipped 'Cs'.1

Tail

The tail rudder was pointed.1

Spitfire Mk XIV

The Spitfire next had the Rolls-Royce Griffon 65 engine installed.4 Along with this engine a 5 bladed propeller was used.4 As a result the nose was longer and the rudder and fin had to be redesigned to compensate for the engine.4

Prototype

The Spitfire prototype (K.5054) first flew on March 19367 / March 5, 1936.1,2,3,5 It had a Merlin engine and a two bladed propellar.1 The Spitfire prototype was also able to go 350 mph.5 An order for 310 was placed in June 1936.4,5

Spitfire Mk I

The Spitfire Mk I first flew on May 14, 1938.4

Spitfire Mk III

The Spitfire Mk III prototype first flew in March 1940.4 An initial order for 1,000 was placed, but this was cancelled when the simpler Spitfire Mk V came along.4

Spitfire Mk V

The Spitfire Mk V prototype first flew in December 1940.4

Spitfire Mk VI

The prototype first flew in June 1941.4

Spitfire Mk VII

The prototype of the Spitfire Mk VII first flew in April 1942.4

Spitfire Mk IX

The Spitfire Mk IX prototype first flew in early 1942.4

Spitfire Mk XII

The prototype first flew on August 24, 1942.1

Spitfire Mk XIV

Six Spitfire Mk VIII were converted to prototypes of the Spitfire Mk XIV.4 The first one flew in early 1943.4

Production

Construction of a Spitfire took three times longer to construct than the German Messerschmitt Bf 109.1

There were 305 Spitfires completed before World War II started.7

Spitfire Mk I

Deliveries to the Royal Air Force (RAF), of the Spitfire Mk I, began in June 1938.4,5

Spitfire Mk V

Production of the Spitfire Mk V started in March 1941.5 Deliveries of the Spitfire Mk V began in February 1941.4 Production continued until 1943.4

Spitfire Mk VI

Production of the Spitfire Mk V ended in October 1942.4

Spitfire Mk VII

Deliveries began in September 1942.4

Spitfire Mk XIV

Deliveries of the Spitfire Mk XIV started in January 1944.4

  • K.50545 Prototype: 14
  • Spitfire Mk I: 1,5674
    • Manufacturer: Supermarine Division of Vickers-Armstrongs Ltd.5 (1,517)4, Westland (50)4
    • Production: 1937 - ?5
  • Spitfire Mk II: 9214
    • Spitfire Mk IIA: 7514
    • Spitfire Mk IIB: 1704
    • Manufacturer: Castle Bromwich Aircraft Factory (CBAF) in Birmingham4
  • Spitfire Mk III: 27
  • Spitfire Mk IV: 17
  • Spitfire Mk IV/XX: 14
  • Spitfire PR.IV: 2294
  • Spitfire Mk V: 6,4724, 6,4792
    • Spitfire Mk VA: 944
    • Spitfire Mk VB: 3,9114
    • Spitfire Mk VC: 2,4674
    • Manufacturer: Supermarine (1,348)4, CBAF (4,489)4, Westland (635)4
  • Spitfire Mk VI: 1004
  • Spitfire Mk VII: 1404
  • Spitfire Mk VIII: 1,6584, 1,6855
    • Spitfire LF.VIII: 1,2254
  • Spitfire Mk IX: 5,6654,5
    • Spitfire LF.IX: 4,0104
    • Spitfire F.IX: 1,2554
    • Spitfire HF.IX: 4004
    • Manufacturer: Supermarine (561)4, CBAF (5,140)4
  • Spitfire PR.X: 164
  • Spitfire PR.XI: 4714
  • Spitfire F.XII: 1004
  • Spitfire Mk XIV: 9574
    • Spitfire F.XIV, F.XIVE: 5274
    • Spitfire RF.XIVE: 4304
  • Spitfire PR.XIX: 2254
  • Spitfire Mk XVI: 1,0544
    • Manufacturer: CBAF4
  • Spitfire F.XVII and Spitfire FR.XVIII: 1004, 3005
  • Total Spitfires: 20,3513,4,5
  • Total Seafires: 2,3343, 2,4084
  • Total Spitfires and Seafires: 21,0007

A total 22,890 Spitfires and Seafires were produced from 1936 to 1947.1 20,017 of them were powered by Merlin engines.1

Variants

  • K.5054: Prototype.5
  • Spitfire Mk I: Entered service in August 1938.2,3
  • Spitfire Mk IA: Introduced in May 1938.1 Ceased production in 1941.1
  • Spitfire Mk IB: Had mixed cannons and machine guns.4 Completed in 1940.4
  • Spitfire Mk II: Entered service in September 1940.2,3
  • Spitfire Mk IIA:
  • Spitfire Mk IIB:
  • Spitfire Mk IIC: In 1942 50 Mk IIs were converted to air sea rescue aircraft.4 Could drop flares, dinghies, or smoke bombs.4
  • Spitfire Mk III: Structure was modified.4 Undercarriage was made stronger.4,7 Wings were clipped.4,7 Tail wheel was retractable.4,7
  • Spitfire PR.III: Photo reconnaissance.7 Modified Mk IA.7 Camera was located in the starboard wing.7 Additional fuel was added.7 No radio or armament.7
  • Spitfire Mk IV: Photo reconnaissance.2,3,5 Had Rolls-Royce Griffon IIB engine.7 Became Mk XX.7
  • Spitfire PR.IV: Photo reconnaissance.7 Made from Mk IA airframe.7 No armament.7 Had three F-24 cameras carried in fuselage.7
  • Spitfire Mk V: Entered service in March 1941 / Summer 19417.3
  • Spitfire Mk VA:
  • Spitfire Mk VB: Main fighter used from the middle of 1941 to the middle of 1942.2,3 Could use drop tranks.7
  • Spitfire Mk VC: Fighter bomber.2,3 Could carry one 500 lb / 227 kg or two 250 lb / 113 kg bombs.2,3 Could use drop tanks.7
  • Spitfire LF.VA: Starting in 1943 converted from Mk Vs.4 Optimized for low altitude work.4 Used Rolls-Royce Merlin 45M engine.4
  • Spitfire LF.VB: Starting in 1943 converted from Mk Vs.4 Optimized for low altitude work.4 Used Rolls-Royce Merlin 50M engine.4
  • Spitfire LF.VC: Starting in 1943 converted from Mk Vs.4 Optimized for low altitude work.4 Used Rolls-Royce Merlin 55M engine.4
  • Spitfire Mk VI: High altitude fighter.2,3 Longer wingtips.2,7 Pressurized cabin.7 Spars made stronger.7
  • Spitfire Mk VII: High altitude fighter.2,3 Longer wingtips.2 Pressurized cabin.7 Retractable tail wheel.7 Rudder was made larger.7
  • Spitfire PR.VII: Additional fuel storage in the fuselage and no wing tanks.7 Three F.24 cameras.7 No radio.7
  • Spitfire Mk VIII: Tropicallized for use in the Mediterranean and Far East.2,3
  • Spitfire F.VIII: Standard fighter bomber.4 Pointed rudder.7 Retractable tail wheel.7 Tropical equipped.7 All sent to Mediterranean and Far Eastern theaters.7
  • Spitfire HF.VIII: High altitude fighter.4 Some had extended wing tips.4
  • Spitfire LF.VIII: Low altitude fighter bomber.4 Some had clipped wing tips.4
  • Spitfire Mk IX: Entered service in mid-1942.3
  • Spitfire F.IX: Medium altitude work.4
  • Spitfire LF.IX: Low altitude work.4
  • Spitfire HF.IX: High altitude work.4
  • Spitfire PR.IX: Unarmed reconnaissance.4
  • Spitfire FR.IX: Armed reconnaissance.4
  • Spitfire Mk XVI: Had Packard Merlin 266 engine.4
  • Spitfire Mk X, Spitfire PR.X: Photo reconnaissance.2,3,7 Unarmed.3,7 Pressurized cabin.4,7 Added fuel.7 Tail wheel retracted.7 Pointed rudder.7 Two F.52 or F.8 cameras; or three F.24 cameras.7
  • Spitfire Mk XI, Spitfire PR.XI: Photo reconnaissance.2,3,7 Unarmed.3 Not pressurized.4 Tropical equipped.7
  • Spitfire Mk XII: First used in 1943.2,3 Was to counter the Focke-Wulf Fw 190.3 Clipped wings.7 Pointed rudder.7 Tail wheel retracted.7
  • Spitfire PR.XIII: Armed photo reconnaissance.4,7 Could carry drop tanks.7 Three F.24 cameras.7
  • Spitfire Mk XIV: Rudder larger.7
  • Spitfire F.XIV: Had 'C' wing.4 Used normal canopy.4
  • Spitfire F.XIVE: Had 'E' wing.4 Some wings were clipped for low altitude work.4 Bubble canopy.4
  • Spitfire FR.XIVE: Low level fighter and reconnaissance.4,7 Clipped wings.4 Bubble canopy.4 Oblique F.247 camera in the rear of the fuselage.4 An additional fuel tank was added to the fuselage.4,7
  • Spitfire Mk XVI: A modified Mk IX.4,5 Pointed rudder.7 Later aircraft had additional fuel.7
  • Spitfire Mk XVIII: Fighter reconnaissance.2,3 Had speed of 442 mph / 712 kph.2,3 Had a Griffon 67 (2,375 HP) engine.5 Did not see service in World War II.4
  • Spitfire PR.XIX: Photo reconnaissance.4,7 Griffon powered.4 Added fuel in wings.7
  • Spitfire Mk XX: Rolls-Royce Griffon IIB engine.7
  • Spitfire F.21: New wing.4 Did not see service in World War II.4
  • Spitfire Mk 22: Produced post World War II.4 Blister type hood.7
  • Spitfire Mk 24: Produced post World War II.4
  • Seafire: Carrier based model.1 Based on the Spitfire Mk V.1

Usage

Rhubarbs

Spitfires were sent on patrols in France to attack targets of opportunity and these were called Rhubarb missions.1

United States

The United States Army Air Force used more than 600 / 7007 Spitfires during World War II.1

Photo Reconnaissance

An unarmed Spitfire was first for photo reconnaissance on November 18, 1939.7

Spitfire Mk I

Australia, Britain, Canada, and New Zealand used the Spitfire Mk I.4

First Squadrons

The No 19 and No 66 Squadrons received Spitfire Mk Is in 1938.7

Start of World War II

There were nine squadrons of Spitfires available at the start of World War II.5

First Kills

On October 16, 1939 two Junkers Ju 88s were shot down by Spitfires over the Firth of Forth.4

Battle of Britain

19 RAF squadrons were equipped with Spitfire Mk Is in August 1940.4,5

Spitfire Mk II

Australia, Britain, Canada, and New Zealand used the Spitfire Mk II.4

The Spitfire Mk II entered service in August 1940.4,5

Spitfire Mk V

Australia (246), Britain, Canada, Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, New Zealand, Portugal, South Africa, Soviet Union (143), Turkey, and the United States (100+) used the Spitfire Mk V.4

Spitfire Mk VI

First Squadron

The 616 Squadron was the first to receive the Spitfire Mk VI in April 1942.4

Small Numbers

Only five RAF squadrons used the Spitfire Mk VI.4

Spitfire Mk VII

The Spitfire Mk VII was used by Britain.4

First Kill

The first kill by a Spitfire Mk VII was in September 1942 against a Focke-Wulf Fw 190.4 It occurred at 38,000' / 11,580 m over Plymouth.4

Spitfire Mk VIII

Australia and Britain used the Spitfire Mk VIII.4

The Spitfire Mk VIII entered service in 1943.4,7 It equipped RAF squadrons in the Mediterranean theatures.4

Australia

Starting in October 1943 Australia received the following for use in the Pacific4:

  • Spitfire LF.VIII: 2434
  • Spitfire F.VIII: 94
  • Spitfire HF.VIII: 1584
  • Total: 4104

Spitfire Mk IX

Australia, Britain, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, Soviet Union (~1,200), and the United States used the Spitfire Mk IX.4

The Spitfire Mk IX started being delivered in July 1942 / late 19427.5

Over 90 Royal Air Force (RAF) and Commonwealth squadrons were equipped with the Spitfire Mk IX.4

Spitfire Mk XII

Britain used the Spitfire Mk XIIs.1

The Spitfire Mk XIIs entered service in February 1943.1,5 Only two Squadrons were equipped with the Mk XIIs.1

Successful Mission

In May 1943 the 91 Squadron was able to shoot down five Focke-Wulf 190s in a single day.1

Other Duties

The two Squadrons also flew shipping shipping reconnaissance and fighter sweeps missions.1

Spitfire Mk XIV

Australia, Britain, Canada, and New Zealand used the Spitfire Mk XIV.4 Around 20 RAF and Commonwealth squadrons used the Mk XIV.4

Deployed in 1944.7

Success Against Jets

On October 5, 1944 a Spitfire Mk XIVs was able to shoot down the first Messerschmitt Me 262 of the war.4,5

Against the V-1

The Spitfire Mk XIVs were successful in shooting down over 300 V-1 flying bombs.4,7

Specifications

  Supermarine Spitfire Mk I
Type Fighter4,5,6
Crew 14,5
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin II2,3,4,5,6
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin III4,7
Cylinders V 124,5
Cooling Liquid5,6
HP II: 9906, 1,0304,5
III: 1,0304
Propeller blades 2 or 34
Propeller blades - Early 2 blade wood fixed pitch7
Propeller blades - Mid 3 blade duralumin D.H. two position7
Propeller blades - Late 3 blade duralumin D.H. controllable pitch7
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4,5,6,7
11.23 m4,7
Length 29' 11"4,5,6,7
9.12 m4,7
Height 11' 5"4,5,6
3.48 m4
Weight  
Loaded 5,332 lb5, 5,900 lb3
Performance  
Speed 370 mph3
Speed @ 19,000 /
5,790 m
355 mph5
Service ceiling 34,000'5
Range 500 miles5
Armament  
Wings 8: MG5
8: 7.7 mm Browning MG1,3
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk IA
Type Fighter4,7
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin II7
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin III7
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
Length 29' 11"4
9.12 m4
Height 11' 5"4
3.48 m4
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 4,810 lb4
2,182 kg4
Loaded 5,332 lb7, 5,844 lb4
2,651 kg4
Performance  
Speed 367 mph7
Speed @ 19,000 /
5,790 m
355 mph4
571 kph4
Cruising speed 210 mph4
338 kph4
Climb 2,530'/minute4
771 m/minute4
Climb to 20,000' /
6,096 m
9.4 minutes4
Service ceiling 31,900'4
9,723 m4
Range 575 miles4
925 km4
Armament  
Wings 8: 0.303" MG4,7
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk IB
Type Fighter4,7
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin III7
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
Length 29' 11"4
9.12 m4
Height 11' 5"4
3.48 m4
Weight  
Loaded 5,784 lb7
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm4,7
4: 0.303" MG4,7
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk II
Type Fighter4
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin XII2,3,4,5,7
HP 1,1754,5
Propeller blades 34, 3 blade Rotol constant speed7
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
Length 29' 11"4
9.12 m4
Height 11' 5"4
3.48 m4
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk IIA
Type Fighter4,7
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin XII7
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
Length 29' 11"4
9.12 m4
Height 11' 5"4
3.48 m4
Weight  
Empty 4,900 lb4
2,223 kg4
Loaded 6,317 lb4,7
2,865 kg4
Performance  
Speed @ 17,000' /
5,180 m
357 mph4
574 kph4
Climb to 20,000' /
6,096 m
7 minutes4
Service ceiling 37,200'4
11,338 m4
Range 500 miles4
805 km4
Armament  
Wings 8: MG5
8: 0.303" MG4
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk IIB
Type Fighter4,7
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin XII7
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
Length 29' 11"4
9.12 m4
Height 11' 5"4
3.48 m4
Weight  
Loaded 6,527 lb7
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm2,3,4,5
4: MG2,3,5
4: 0.303" MG4
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk III
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin XX4,7
HP 1,4804
Propeller blades 3 blade Rotol constant speed7
Armament  
Wings 8: 0.303" MG7
OR 2: 20 mm7
8: 0.303" MG7
OR 4: 20 mm7
4: 0.303" MG7
  Supermarine Spitfire PR.IV
Type Photo Reconnaissance7
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 457
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 467
Weight  
Loaded 7,178 lb7
Performance  
Speed 372 mph7
Service ceiling 38,000'7
Range 1,460 miles7
Armament None7
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk V, Supermarine Spitfire F.V
Type Fighter bomber4
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 452,3,5,7
Rolls-Royce Merlin XX6
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 467
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 507
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 50A7
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 557
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 567
HP 1,0006, 1,4402,3,5
Propeller Blades 3 blade Rotol constant speed7
OR 3 blade D.H. constant speed7
Dimensions  
Span 33' 8"6, 36' 10"4,7
11.23 m4,7
Span - Clipped 32' 7"7
9.93 m7
Length 29' 11"4,7, 30' 4"6
9.12 m4,7
Height 11' 5"4, 11' 5"6
3.48 m4
Performance  
Speed 400 mph6
Speed @ 13,000' /
3,962 m
374 mph4
602 kph4
Climb 3,250'/minute4
990 m/minute4
Climb to 20,000' /
6,096 m
7.5 minutes4
Service ceiling 37,0004
11,277 m4
Range 470 miles4
756 km4
Armament  
Wings 2: Cannon6
4: Browning MG6
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk VA, Supermarine Spitfire F.VA
Type Fighter1,7, Fighter bomber4, Interceptor1
Crew 11,4
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 454,7
Rolls-Royce Merlin 45 Vee piston1
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 467
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 504
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 554
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 564
Cylinders V 124
HP 1,4401, 1,4704
Propeller blades 34
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"1,4
11.23 m1,4
Length 29' 11"1,4
9.12 m1,4
Height 11' 5"1,4
3.02 m1, 3.48 m4
Wing area 242 ft2 1
22.48 m2 1
Weight  
Empty 5,000 lb1
2,267 kg1
Loaded 6,400 lb1, 6,417 lb7
2,911 kg1
Performance  
Speed - Merlin 45 369 mph7
Speed - Merlin 46 365 mph7
Speed @ 13,000' /
5,945 m
374 mph1
594 kph1
Service ceiling 37,000'1
11,125 m1
Service Ceiling - Merlin 45 37,000'7
Service Ceiling - Merlin 46 38,000'7
Range 1,135 miles1
1,827 km1
Armament  
Wings 8: MG5
8: 0.303" MG4
8: 7.7 mm Browning MG1
350 rounds each1
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk VB, Supermarine Spitfire F.VB
Type Fighter2,3,5,7, Fighter bomber4
Crew 12,3,4,5
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 45 piston2,3,4,5
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 467
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 502,3,4
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 554
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 564
Cylinders Inline2, V 123,4,5
Cooling Liquid5
HP 1,4402,3,5, 1,4704
Propeller blades 34
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"2,3,4,5
11.23 m2,3,4
Length 29' 11"2,3,4,5
9.11 m2,3, 9.12 m4
Height 11' 5"2,3,4,5
3.48 m2,3,4
Wing area 242 ft2 2,3
22.48 m2 2,3
Weight  
Empty 5,100 lb2,3
2,313 kg2,3
Loaded 6,417 lb5, 6,622 lb7, 6,785 lb2,3
3,078 kg2,3
Performance  
Speed - Merlin 45 369 mph7
Speed - Merlin 46 365 mph7
Speed @ 13,000' /
3,960 m
374 mph2,3, 374 mph5
602 kph2,3
Climb to 20,000' /
6,095 m
7.5 minutes2,3
Service ceiling 37,000'2,3,5
11,280 m2,3
Service Ceiling - Merlin 45 37,000'7
Service Ceiling - Merlin 46 38,000'7
Range 470 miles2,3,5
756 km2,3
Range - Merlin 45 480 miles7
Range - Merlin 46 460 miles7
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm2,3,4,5
4: MG5
4: 0.303" MG4
4: 7.7 mm MG2,3
  Supermarine Spitfire F.VC, Supermarine Spitfire Mk VC
Type Fighter7, Fighter bomber4
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 454
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 467
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 504
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 554
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 564
Cylinders V 124
HP 1,4704
Propeller blades 34
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
Length 29' 11"4
9.12 m4
Height 11' 5"4
3.48 m4
Weight  
Empty 5,100 lb4
2,313 kg4
Loaded 6,785 lb4,7
3,078 kg4
Performance  
Speed - Merlin 45 369 mph7
Speed - Merlin 46 365 mph7
Service Ceiling - Merlin 45 37,000'7
Service Ceiling - Merlin 46 38,000'7
Range - Merlin 45 470 miles7
Range - Merlin 46 450 miles7
Armament  
Wings 8: MG5
8: 0.303" MG4
OR 2: 20 mm4,5,7
4: MG5,7
4: 0.303" MG4
OR 4: 20 mm4,5
Bombs 1: 500 lb4,5
1: 227 kg4
OR 2: 250 lb4
2: 113 kg4
  Supermarine Spitfire LF.V
Type Fighter Bomber4, Low Altitude Fighter7
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 45M4,7
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 50M4,7
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 55M4,7
Propeller blades 34
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
Length 29' 11"4
9.12 m4
Height 11' 5"4
3.48 m4
Performance  
Speed @ 6,000' /
1,829 m
357 mph4
574 kph4
Climb 4,720'/minute4
1,438 m/minute4
Service ceiling 36,500'4
11,125 m4
Range  
Range with drop tanks 990 miles4
1,593 km4
Armament  
Bombs 1: 250 lb7
OR 1: 500 lb7
  Supermarine Spitfire F.VI, Supermarine Spitfire Mk VI
Type Fighter7, High altitude interceptor4
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 474,7
Cylinders V 124
HP 1,4154
Propeller blades 44, 4 blade Rotol constant speed7
Dimensions  
Span 40' 2"4,7
12.24 m4,7
Length 29' 11"4,7
9.12 m4,7
Height 11' 5"4
3.48 m4
Weight  
Empty 5,300 lb4
2,404 kg4
Loaded 6,797 lb4,7
3,083 kg4
Maximum load 7,178 lb4
3,256 kg4
Performance  
Speed 364 mph7
Speed @ 22,000' /
6,705 m
364 mph4
586 kph4
Cruising speed 239 mph4
385 kph4
Climb to 20,000' /
6,096 m
8 minutes4
Service Ceiling 39,200'4, 40,000'7
11,948 m4
Range 475 miles7, 510 miles4
820 km4
Range with external fuel 1,170 miles4
1,883 km4
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm4
4: 0.303" MG4
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk VII, Supermarine Spitfire F.VII
Type Fighter7, High altitude interceptor4
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 644,7
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 617
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 714
HP 64: 1,7104
71: 1,6554
Propeller blades 44, 4 blade Rotol constant speed7
Dimensions  
Span 40' 2"4,7
12.24 m4,7
Length 31' 3.5"4,7
9.54 m4,7
Height 12' 7.75"4
3.86 m4
Weight  
Empty 6,000 lb4
2,722 kg4
Loaded 7,875 lb4,7
3,572 kg4
Performance  
Speed 408 mph7
Speed @ 25,000' /
7,620 m
408 mph4
656 kph4
Climb to 20,000' /
6,096 m
7.1 minutes4
Service Ceiling 43,000'4,7
13,106 m4
Range 660 miles4,7
1,062 km4
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm4,7
4: 0.303" MG4, MG7
  Supermarine Spitfire HF.VII
Type High Altitude Fighter7
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 717
Weight  
Loaded 7,875 lb7
Performance  
Speed 416 mph7
Service Ceiling 44,000'7
Range 660 miles7
  Supermarine Spitfire PR.VII
Type Photo Reconnaissance7
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 457
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 467
Weight  
Loaded 6,585 lb7
Performance  
Speed 369 mph7
Service Ceiling 37,000'7
Range 710 miles7
Armament  
Wings 8: 0.303" MG7
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk VIII, Supermarine Spitfire F.VIII
Type Fighter7, Fighter Bomber4,7
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 614,7
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 63/63a4
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 637
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 63A7
HP 61: 1,5654
63/63a: 1,7104
Propeller blades 44
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4,7
11.23 m4,7
Span - Extended 40' 2"7
12.24 m7
Length 31' 3.5"4,7
9.54 m4,7
Height 12' 7.75"4
3.86 m4
Weight  
Loaded 7,767 lb7
Performance  
Speed 408 mph7
Service ceiling 43,000'7
Range 660 miles7
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm4,7
4: 0.303" MG4, MG7
Bombs 1,000 lb4
454 kg4
  Supermarine Spitfire LF.VIII
Type Fighter bomber4, Low Altitude Fighter7
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 664,7
HP 1,7204
Propeller blades 44
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
Length 31' 3.5"4
9.54 m4
Height 12' 7.75"4
3.86 m4
Weight  
Loaded 7,767 lb7
Performance  
Speed 404 mph7
Speed @ 21,000' /
6,400 m
404 mph4
650 kph4
Climb to 20,000' /
6,096 m
6.7 minutes4
Service ceiling 41,500'4,7
12,649 m4
Range 660 miles7
Range with drop tanks 1,180 miles4
1,900 km4
  Supermarine Spitfire HF.VIII
Type Fighter Bomber4, High Altitude Fighter7
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 704,7
HP 1,7104
Propeller blades 44
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
Length 31' 3.5"4
9.54 m4
Height 12' 7.75"4
3.86 m4
Weight  
Empty 5,800 lb4
2,631 kg4
Loaded 7,767 lb4,7
3,523 kg4
Performance  
Speed 416 mph7
Service Ceiling 44,000'7
Range 660 miles7
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk IX, Supermarine Spitfire F.IX
Type Fighter5,7, Fighter Bomber4
Crew 14,5
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 612,3,4,5,6,7
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 63/63a4
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 637
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 63A7
Cylinders V 124,5
Cooling Liquid5
HP 61: 1,5654,5, 1,6602,3
63/63a: 1,7104
Propeller blades 44
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4,5,7
11.23 m4,7
Span - Clipped Wings 32' 2"4, 32' 7"7
9.8 m4, 9.93 m7
Length 31' 1"1,2, 31' 3.5"7
9.47 m4, 9.54 m7
Height 11' 5"5, 12' 7.75"4
3.86 m4
Weight  
Loaded 7,300 lb7, 7,343 lb5
Performance  
Speed Over 4007
Speed @ 25,000' /
7,620 m
408 mph1,2
657 kph4
Climb 4,100'/minute4
1,250 m/minute4
Climb to 20,000' /
6,096 m
6.7 minutes4
Service Ceiling 40,000'7, 43,000'4, 44,000'5
13,106 m4
Range 434 miles4,5,7
698 km4
Range with drop tanks 980 miles4
1,577 km4
Armament  
Wings 2: cannon5,6, 20 mm7
4: MG5,7
Bombs 1,000 lb4
454 kg4
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk IXA
Type Fighter bomber4
Crew 14
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
OR 32' 2"4
9.8 m4
Length 31' 1"4
9.47 m4
Height 12' 7.75"4
3.86 m4
Armament  
Wings 8: 0.303" MG4
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk IXB
Type Fighter bomber4
Crew 14
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
OR 32' 2"4
9.8 m4
Length 31' 1"4
9.47 m4
Height 12' 7.75"4
3.86 m4
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm4
4: 0.303" MG4
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk IXC
Type Fighter bomber4
Crew 14
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
OR 32' 2"4
9.8 m4
Length 31' 1"4
9.47 m4
Height 12' 7.75"4
3.86 m4
Armament  
Wings 8: 0.303" MG4
OR 2: 20 mm4
4: 0.303" MG4
OR 4: 20 mm4
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk IXD
Type Fighter bomber4
Crew 14
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
OR 32' 2"4
9.8 m4
Length 31' 1"4
9.47 m4
Height 12' 7.75"4
3.86 m4
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm4
2: 0.5" MG4
  Supermarine Spitfire HF.IX
Type Fighter Bomber4, High Altitude Fighter7
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 704,7
HP 1,7104
Propeller blades 44
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
OR 32' 2"4
9.8 m4
Length 31' 1"4
9.47 m4
Height 12' 7.75"4
3.86 m4
Weight  
Loaded 7,300 lb7
Performance  
Speed 416 mph7
Service Ceiling 45,000'7
Range 434 miles7
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm7
2: 0.50" MG7
Bombs - Wing 2: 250 lb7
  Supermarine Spitfire LF.IX
Type Fighter Bomber4, Low Altitude Fighter7
Crew 14
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 667, Packard Merlin 2664
HP 1,7204
Propeller blades 44
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4
11.23 m4
Span - Clipped Wings 32' 2"4
9.8 m4
Length 31' 1"4
9.47 m4
Height 12' 7.75"4
3.86 m4
Weight  
Loaded 7,300 lb7
Performance  
Speed 404 mph7
Service Ceiling 42,500'7
Range 434 miles7
  Supermarine Spitfire PR.X
Type Photo Reconnaissance7
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 647
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 717
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 777
Propeller blades 4 blade Rotol7
Weight  
Loaded 8,159 lb7
Performance  
Speed 416 mph7
Service Ceiling 43,000'7
Range 1,370 miles7
Armament None7
  Supermarine Spitfire PR.XI
Type Photo Reconnaissance7
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 617
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 637
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 63A7
OR Rolls-Royce Merlin 707
Weight  
Loaded 7,872 lb7
Performance  
Speed 422 mph7
Service Ceiling 44,000'7
Range over 1,200 miles7
Armament None7
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk XII
Type Fighter7, Fighter Bomber1
Crew 11
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Griffon III1,5,7
OR Rolls-Royce Griffon IV1,2,3,7
Cylinders V 121,5
HP 1,7005, 1,7351,2,3
Propeller blades 41, 4 blade Rotol constant speed7
Dimensions  
Span 32' 7"1,7
9.93 m1,7
Length 31' 10"1,7
9.7 m1,7
Height 11'1
3.35 m1
Weight  
Empty 5,600 lb1
2,540 kg1
Loaded 7,280 lb7, 7,400 lb1
3,357 kg1
Performance  
Speed 393 mph7
Speed @ 5,500' /
1,676 m
372 mph1
598 kph1
Speed @ 18,000' /
5,486 m
393 mph1
632 kph1
Cruising speed 263 mph1
423 kph1
Climb 3,800'/minute1
1,158 m/minute1
Climb to 20,000' /
6,096 m
6.7 minutes1
Service Ceiling 40,000'1,7
12,192 m1
Range 329 miles1,7
529 km1
Range with drop tanks 493 miles1
793 km1
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm1,7
4: 0.303" MG1, MG7
Bombs 1: 500 lb1
1: 227 kg1
OR 2: 250 lb1
2: 113 kg1
  Supermarine Spitfire PR.XIII
Type Photo Reconnaissance7
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 327
Weight  
Loaded 6,364 lb7
Performance  
Speed 348 mph7
Service Ceiling 38,000'7
Range 500 miles7
Armament  
Wings 4: 0.303" MG7
  Supermarine Spitfire Mk XIV, Supermarine Spitfire F.XIV
Type Fighter5,7, Fighter Bomber4,7, Fighter Reconnaissance7
Crew 14,5
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Griffon 652,3,4,5,7
Cylinders V 124,5
Cooling Liquid5
HP 2,0502,3,4,5
Propeller blades 54 , 5 blade Rotol constant speed7
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"4,5
11.23 m4
Length 32' 8"4,5
9.96 m4
Height 12' 8"1,2
3.86 m4
Weight  
Empty 6,600 lb4
2,994 kg4
Loaded 8,400 lb7, 8,500 lb4,5
3,856 kg4
Maximum overload 9,772 lb4
4,433 kg4
Performance  
Speed at sea level 375 mph4
603 kph4
Speed over 450 mph7
Speed @ 26,000' /
7,925 m
448 mph4, 450 mph5
721 kph4
Cruising speed 245 mph4
394 kph4
Climb 4,580'/minute4
1,396 m/minute4
Climb to 20,000' /
6,096 m
7 minutes4
Service Ceiling over 40,000'7, 44,500'4,5
13,563 m4
Range 460 miles4,5
740 km4
Range - Fighter 460 miles7
Range - Fighter Reconnaissance 620 miles7
Range with drop tanks 850 miles4
1,368 km4
Armament  
Wings 2: cannon5, 20 mm4,7
4: MG5, 0.303" MG4,7
OR "E" 2: 20 mm7
2: 0.50" MG7
Bombs 500 lb5
1: 250 lb or 500 lb7
  Supermarine Spitfire F.XVI
Type Low Altitude Fighter7, Fighter Bomber7
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin 2664,5,7
Propeller blades 47
Dimensions  
Span 32' 7"7
9.93 m7
Length 31' 3"7
9.53 m7
Weight  
Loaded 7,300 lb7
Performance  
Speed over 400 mph7, 405 mph2,3
652 kph2,3
Service Ceiling 40,000'7
Range 434 miles7
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm7
2: 0.50" MG7
2: 250 lb7
Under Fuselage 1: 250 lb7
OR 1: 500 lb7
  Supermarine Spitfire F.XVIII
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"7
Length 32' 8"7
Height 12' 8"7
Wing Area 242 sq ft7
Weight  
Loaded 9,320 lb7
Performance  
Speed 440 mph7
Climb 5,012' per minute7
  Supermarine Spitfire FR.XVIII
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"7
Length 32' 8"7
Height 12' 8"7
Wing Area 242 sq ft7
Weight  
Loaded 9,280 lb7
Performance  
Speed 440 mph7
Climb 5,044' per minute7
  Supermarine Spitfire PR.XIX
Type Photo reconnaissance7
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Griffon 657
OR Rolls-Royce Griffon 667
Propeller 5 blade Rotol7
Dimensions  
Span 36' 10"7
Length 32' 8"7
Height 12' 8"7
Wing Area 242 sq ft7
Weight  
Loaded 9,040 lb7
Performance  
Speed 446 mph7
Climb 5,227' per minute7
Ceiling 43,000'7
13,120 m7
Range 1,500 miles7
2,400 km7
  Supermarine Spitfire F.21
Type  
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Griffon 617
OR Rolls-Royce Griffon 647
OR Rolls-Royce Griffon 857
Dimensions  
Span 36' 11"7, 40' 2"7
12.24 m7
Length 32' 8"7
Height 13' 6"7
Wing Area 244 sq ft7, 248 sq ft7
23 sq m7
Weight  
Loaded 9,400 lb7
Performance  
Speed 450 mph7
Climb 4,220' per minute7
Armament  
Wings 4: 20 mm7
  Supermarine Spitfire F.22
Dimensions  
Span 36' 11"7
Length 32' 11 "7
Height 13' 6"7
Wing Area 244 sq ft7
Weight  
Loaded 9,900 lb7
Performance  
Speed 450 mph7
Climb 4,880' per minute7

 

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, General Editor Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  5. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  6. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  7. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site