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Great Britain's flag Great Britain's RAF aircraft marking

Great Britain's Hawker Typhoon fighter , "Tiffy"

Photos

  • Hawker Typhoon prototype fighter
  • Hawker Typhoon fighter
  • Hawker Typhoon fighter
  • Hawker Typhoon Mk IA fighter
  • Hawker Typhoon Mk IA fighter
  • Hawker Typhoon Mk IB fighter
  • Hawker Typhoon Mk IB fighter
  • Hawker Typhoon Mk IB fighter
  • Hawker Typhoon Mk IB fighter
  • Hawker Typhoon Mk IB fighter
  • Hawker Typhoon Mk IB fighter-reconnaissance
  • Hawker Typhoon Mk IB fighter
  • Hawker Typhoon
  • Hawker Typhoon

Design

Originally designed to be a fighter to combat the Focke Wulf Fw 190, but it wasn't as agile as its opponents. The Typhoon was also to be the replacement for the Hawker Hurricane. The design was started in 1937 to meet a Air Ministry specification.

The Tornado was designed as the same time as the Typhoon and had a Rolls-Royce Vulture engine.

The Typhoon was found to excel at being a close support aircraft.

Canopy

Had a sliding bulletproof bubble canopy that allowed for excellent visibility.

Engine

The Napier Sabre was very powerful but had reliability problems. Engine life could be as low as 20 hours.

Undercarriage

The Typhoons undercarriage was wide and allowed for use from rough airstrips.

Wings

The wing was very strong, allowing for large bomb loads and to dive at almost 500 mph / 800 kph.

Tail

The Typhoon had tail flutter and it was solved by fitting "fish plates" to strengthen tail.

Prototype

The Typhoon prototype first flew on February 24, 1940.

Production

The first production aircraft flew on May 26, 1941 / May 27, 1941. Production lasted until November 1945.

  • Total: 3,330
    • Manufacturer: Hawker Aircraft Ltd.
      • Hawker: 15
      • Gloster: 3,315

Variants

  • Typhoon Mk IA: Had twelve 7.7 mm guns.
  • Typhoon Mk IB: Had four 20 mm cannons.

Usage

Britain, Canada, and New Zealand used the Typhoon.

Typhoons shot down 246 Luftwaffe planes. The top Typhoon ace was J.R. Baldwin with 15 enemy aircraft shot down.

First Usage

The No 56 and No 609 Squadron were equipped with Typhoons in September 1941.

Mistaken Identity

On some occasions the Typhoon was mistaken for a Focke Wulf Fw 190 and shot down by friendly planes.

Royal Air Force (RAF)

By mid 1944 there were 26 Typhoon equipped squadrons. By the end of the war there were a total of 32 squadrons were equipped with Typhoons.

Tank Destroyer

On a single day in August 1944 Typhoons destroyed 135 tanks.

Specifications

  Hawker Typhoon
Type Fighter, Fighter-bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Napier Sabre IIA
OR Napier Sabre IIB
OR Napier Sabre IIC
Cylinders "H" 24
Cooling IIA: Liquid
HP IIA: 2,180, 2,200
IIB: 2,200
IIC: 2,260
Propeller blades 3 or 4, 3 or 4 blade de Havilland constant speed
Dimensions  
Span 41' 7"
12.67 m
Length 31' 11"
9.73 m
Height 15' 3.5"
4.66 m
Wing area 279 sq ft
25.92 sq m
Weight  
Loaded 11,500 lb
5,220 kg
  Hawker Typhoon Mk IA
Engine (Type) Napier Sabre
Cylinders H 24
Cooling Liquid
HP 2,200
Armament  
Wings 12: 0.303" MG
12: 7.7 mm / 0.303" Browning MG
Wings - Under 2: 1,000 lb bombs
OR 2: 5,00 lb bombs
OR 2: 45 gallon drop tanks
OR 8: 60 lb HE rockets
OR 8: 25 lb AP rockets
  Hawker Typhoon Mk IB
Type Fighter-bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Napier Sabre II piston
Napier Sabre IIA piston
Cylinders Inline, 24, H 24
Cooling Liquid
HP 2,180
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 41' 7"
12.67 m
Length 31' 11"
9.73 m, 9.74 m
Height 14' 10", 15' 3", 15' 3.5"
4.52 m, 4.66 m, 4.67 m
Wing area 279 ft2
25.9 m2 , 25.92 m2
Weight  
Empty 8,800 lb, 8,840 lb
3,992 kg, 3,993 kg, 4,010 kg
Loaded 11,400 lb, 13,250 lb, 13,980 lb
6,010 kg, 6,341 kg
Performance  
Speed @ 5,500' /
1,676 m
374 mph
602 kph
Speed @ 18,000' /
5,485 m
405 mph
652 kph
Speed @ 18,000' /
5,486 m
412 mph
663 kph
Speed @ 19,000' 412 mph
Speed @ 19,685' /
6,000 m
413 mph
664 kph
Climb 3,000'/minute
914 m/minute
Climb to 15,000 ' /
4,570 m
6.2 minutes, 6' 12"
Climb to 15,000' /
4,572 m
5.9 minutes
Service ceiling 31,800', 34,000', 35,100', 35,200'
9,693 m, 10,365 m, 10,700 m
Range 606 miles, 610 miles, 980 miles
975 km, 982 km
Range with drop tanks 932 miles, 980 miles
1,500 km, 1,577 km
Range with bombs
2: 1,000 lb / 454 kg
510 miles
820 km, 821 km
Armament  
Wings 4: 20 mm Hispano
4: 20 mm
Rounds 140 each
Bombs 2: 1,000 lb
2,000 lb
2: 454 kg
OR 2: 500 lb
2: 227 kg
OR  
Rockets 8 or 12: 60 lb
8: 3" / 60 lb
8: 60 lb
8 or 12: 27 kg
8: 76.2 mm / 27.2 kg
8: 76.2 mm / 27 kg
8: 27.2 kg
8: 60 lb HE
OR 8: 25 lb AP
OR  
Drop tanks 2: 45 gallon
2: 205 liter

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  4. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  5. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
  6. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site