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Great Britain's De Havilland Mosquito fighter bomber

Photos

  • De Havilland Mosquito FB Mk VI
  • De Havilland Mosquito FB Mk VI
  • De Havilland Mosquito FB Mk VI
  • De Havilland Mosquito FB Mk VI
  • De Havilland Mosquito FB Mk VI
  • De Havilland Mosquito FB Mk VI
  • De Havilland Mosquito FB Mk XVIII
  • De Havilland Mosquito FB Mk XVIII

Design

See design information here.

Prototype

See prototype information here.

Variants

  • de Havilland Mosquito FB.VI: Fighter bomber.1,2 Could carry two 500 lb / 227 kg bombs in bomb bay.2 First flew in June 1942.1 Entered service in March 1943 / early 19434.1 Those that were with Coastal Command mounted rockets.4
  • de Havilland Mosquito FB Mk XI: Fighter bomber.4 Never built.4 Was to have Rolls-Royce Merlin 61 engines.4
  • de Havilland Mosquito FB Mk XVIII: Anti shipping.2 Mounted in the nose was a 57 mm Molins gun.1,2 Nicknamed the "Tse Tse."1 First flew in June 1943.1 Used mainly by Coastal Command.4 First action November 4, 1943.4
  • de Havilland Mosquito FB Mk 21: Canadian version of FB Mk VI.1,4
  • de Havilland Mosquito FB Mk 24: Canadian high altitude fighter bomber.4 Not developed.4 Was to have Packard Merlin 69 engines.4
  • de Havilland Mosquito FB Mk 26: Canadian version.1,4 Had Packard-Merlin 225 engines.1
  • de Havilland Mosquito FB Mk 40: Australian version of the FB.VI.1,4 Had Packard-Merlin 31 or Packard-Merlin 33 engines.1,4 First flew on July 23, 1943 in Sydney.4 Saw no combat in World War II.1
  • de Havilland Mosquito FB Mk 41: Australian version.4 Based on FB Mk 40.4 Used Packard Merlin 69 engines.4 Had an automatic pilot.4
  • de Havilland Mosquito FB Mk 42: Australian version.4 Based on FB Mk 40.4 Used Packard Merlin 69 engines.4
  • Fighter (F)
  • Night Fighter (NF)
  • Photo Reconnaissance (PR)

Usage

The Mosquito fighters were used by Australia, Britain, Canada, New Zealand, and United States.1

Coastal Command

Coastal Command replaced the Beaufighters with the FB.VIs and used them against shipping around Europe and especially Norway.3

Ausberg

Wing Commander Leonard Cheshire used a FB.VI on a low level target marking raid on Ausberg in April 1944.3

Rocket Punch

The rockets, when fired at a target, was approximately equivalent to a cruiser's broadside.3

Specifications

  de Havilland Mosquito FB models
Type Fighter bomber1
Strike aircraft1
Crew 21
Armament  
Nose 4: 20 mm1
4: 0.303" MG1
Bombs - internal 1,000 lb1
454 kg1
Bombs - under wings 1,000 lb1
454 kg
OR  
Rockets - under wings 8: 60 lb1
8: 27 kg1
  de Havilland Mosquito FB.VI
Type Fighter bomber3
Crew  
Engine (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 211,3,4
OR 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 234
OR 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 251,4
Cylinders V 121,3
Cooling Liquid3
HP 21: 1,250 each3, 1,480 each1
25: 1,635 each1
Propeller blades 3 each1
Dimensions  
Span 54' 2"1,3
16.51 m1
Length 40' 6"3, 40' 10"1, 41' 2"4
12.45 m1, 12.55 m4
Height 15' 3"1,3
4.65 m1
Weight  
Empty 14,300 lb1
6,487 kg1
Loaded 19,500 lb1, 22,300 lb3
8,845 kg1
Maximum load 22,300 lb1
10,115 kg1
Performance  
Speed at sea level 336 mph1
541 kph1
Speed @ 13,000' /
3,962 m
380 mph1,3
611 kph1
Cruising speed 250 mph1
402 kph1
Climb 2,850'/minute1
868 m/minute1
Service ceiling 33,000'1, 36,000'3
10,058 m1
Range at sea level 1,120 miles1
1,802 km1
Maximum range 1,205 miles3, 1,885 miles1
3,033 km1
Armament  
Nose 4: 20 mm3
4: MG3
Bombs 2,000 lb3,4
Bombs - Bomb Bay 2: 500 lb4
Bombs - Under Wing 2: 500 lb4
  de Havilland Mosquito FB Mk XVIII
Type Fighter bomber4
Engines (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 234
Dimensions  
Length 40' 9.5"4
12.43 m4
Armament  
Nose 1: 6 pdr, 57 mm4
Wings 2: 500 lb4
OR 8: Rockets4
OR 2: 100 gallon drop tanks4
  de Havilland Mosquito FB Mk XXI
Type Fighter bomber4
Engines (Type) 2: Packard-Merlin 31/331
  de Havilland Mosquito FB Mk 26
Type Fighter bomber4
Engines (Type) 2: Packard-Merlin 2254
Armament 4: 0.303" MG4
4: 20 mm4
Rockets 8: 60 lb4

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  4. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site