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Great Britain's flag Great Britain's RAF aircraft marking

Great Britain's De Havilland Mosquito fighter and night fighters

Photos

  • De Havilland Mosquito NF Mk VI
  • De Havilland Mosquito NF Mk XII
  • De Havilland Mosquito NF Mk XXX

Design

See design information here.

Prototype

See prototype information here.

Production

The fighter version of the Mosquito was approved for production in June 1941.3

See additional production information here.

Variants

  • Fighter
    • de Havilland Mosquito F Mk II: Did not have radar.1
  • Night Fighter
    • de Havilland Mosquito NF Mk II: Used as a night fighter with four 20 mm and four 7.7 mm guns.2 Entered service in May 1942.2 Had AI Mk IV or AI Mk V radar.3 The aerials were located externally on the nose (arrow heads).1
    • de Havilland Mosquito NF Mk X: Night fighter.4 Not built.4 Was to have Rolls-Royce Merlin 61 engines.4
    • de Havilland Mosquito NF Mk XII: Night fighter.2,4 Had radar in place of machine guns.2,4 97 conversion from NF.II.3 Had AI Mk VII radar in nose.1
    • de Havilland Mosquito NF Mk XIII: Night fighter.2,4 Had radar in place of machine guns.2,4 First flew in March 1943.3 The AI Mk VIII radar was located in an enclosed nose.1
    • de Havilland Mosquito NF Mk XIV: Night fighter.4 Never built.4 Was to have Rolls-Royce Merlin 72 engines.4
    • de Havilland Mosquito NF Mk XV: Night fighter.1,4 Wings were extended.1,4 Pressurized cabin.4 Armor reduced.4 Five were converted from B.IVs.1
    • de Havilland Mosquito NF Mk XVII: Night fighter.2,4 Used the American Mk X radar / SCR.7201.2,4 100 converted from NF.II.1
    • de Havilland Mosquito NF MK XIX: Night fighter.1,4 First flew in May 1944.1 Could carry the AI Mk VIII or American SCR.720 radar.1 Could use British or American radar.4
    • de Havilland Mosquito NF Mk 30: Night fighter.2,4 High altitude.2 Could use British or American radar.4
    • de Havilland Mosquito NF Mk 31: Night fighter.4 Not built.4 Was to have Packard Merlin 69 engines.4
    • de Havilland Mosquito NF Mk 36: Night fighter.1,4 Post World War II.1
    • de Havilland Mosquito NF.38: Night fighter.1 Post World War II.1
  • Fighter Bomber (FB)
  • Photo Reconnaissance (PR)

Usage

The Mosquito fighters were used by Australia, Britain, Canada, and New Zealand.1

First Squadron

In May 1942 the first fighter squadron equipped with the Mosquito F Mk II became operational.4

Malta

The first overseas was the Mosquito F Mk II squadron in Malta in December 1942.4

Bomber Escort

The night fighters would also escort the Royal Air Forces (RAF) night bombers to Germany.1

V-1 Destroyer

The Mosquito night fighters also destroyed around 600 V-1s in the space of 2 months.1

Specifications

  de Havilland Mosquito F Mk II
Type Day fighter1
Night fighter1
Crew 21
Engine (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 231,4
OR 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 214
Cylinders V 121
HP 1,460 each1
Propeller blades 3 each1
Dimensions  
Length 40' 10"1, 41' 2"4
12.44 m1, 12.55 m4
Weight  
Empty 14,300 lb1
6,486 kg1
Loaded 20,000 lb1
9,072 kg1
Performance  
Speed @ 14,000' /
4,267 m
370 mph1
595 kph1
Service ceiling 34,500'1
10,515 m1
Range 890 miles1
1,432 km1
Armament  
Nose 4: 20 mm1,4
4: 0.303" Browning MG4, 0.5" MG1
  de Havilland Mosquito NF Mk XII
Type Night fighter4
Engine (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 214
OR 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 234
Armament  
Nose 4: Cannons4
  de Havilland Mosquito NF Mk XIII
Type Night fighter4
Engine (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 214
OR 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 234
Armament  
Nose 4: Cannons4
  de Havilland Mosquito NF.XV
Type Night fighter1,4
Crew 21
Engine (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 771,4
OR 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 734
HP 1,710 each1
Propeller blades 3 each1
Armament  
Nose - with radar 4: 20 mm1
Fuselage Blister 4: 0.303" MG4
  de Havilland Mosquito NF.XVII
Type Night fighter4
Engine (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 214
OR 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 234
  de Havilland Mosquito NF.XIX
Type Night fighter1,4
Crew 21
Engine (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 251,4
HP 1,635 each1
Propeller blades 3 each1
Dimensions  
Length 41' 2"1
12.55 m1
Armament  
Nose - with radar 4: 20 mm1
  de Havilland Mosquito NF.30
Type Night fighter1
Crew 21
Engine (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 761,4
OR 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 1131
OR 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 724
HP 76: 1,650 each1
113: 1,710 each1
Propeller blades 3 each1
Dimensions  
Span 54' 2"1
16.51 m1
Length 41' 9"1
12.72 m1
Height 15' 3"1
4.65 m1
Weight  
Empty 15,400 lb1
6,986 kg1
Loaded 21,600 lb1
9,798 kg1
Performance  
Speed @ 28,000' /
8,534 m
407 mph1
655 kph1
Service ceiling 39,000'1
11,887 m1
Range with drop tanks 1,770 miles1
2,848 km1
Armament  
Nose - with radar 4: 20 mm1
  de Havilland Mosquito NF Mk 36
Type Night fighter4
Engine (Type) 2: Rolls-Royce Merlin 1134

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. Mosquito Bomber / Fighter - Bomber Units 1942 - 45, Martin Bowman, 1998
  4. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
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