World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
Great Britain's flagGreat Britain's RAF aircraft marking

Great Britain's Fairey Battle bomber

Photos

  • Fairey Battle bomber
  • Fairey Battle bomber
  • Fairey Battle bomber
  • Fairey Battle bomber
  • Fairey Battle bomber
  • Fairey Battle bomber
  • Fairey Battle bomber
  • Fairey Battle Mk I bomber
  • Fairey Battle Mk I bomber
  • Fairey Battle Mk I bomber
  • Fairey Battle Mk II bomber
  • Fairey Battle Mk II bomber
  • Fairey Battle bomber

Design

The design for the Fairey Battle occurred in the early 1930s and was based on a Air Ministry specification put out in April 1933. The intent of the Battle was to replace the Hawker Hart and Hind biplane bomber then in service.

The Battle was of all metal construction.

Crew

The crew was located in a cockpit.

Prototype

The prototype of the Fairey Battle first flew on March 10, 1936. The first order was place for 655 Battles.

Production

  • Fairey Battle: 2,185
    • Production: ? - September 1940
    • Manufacturer: Fairey Aviation Co. Ltd

Variants

  • Fairey Battle Mk I: Bomber.
  • Fairey Battle Mk II: Advanced trainer.

Usage

First Assignment

The Nos 52 and 63 Squadrons received the Battle in March 1937.

By 1938 17 squadrons were equipped with the Battle.

France

Once war broke out in 1939, ten Battle equipped squadrons (Nos 12, 40, 88, 98, 103, 105, 142, 150, 218, 226) were moved to France with the Advanced Air Striking Force.

On September 20, 1939, a Fairey Battle shot down a German aircraft, the first of World War II.

Battles were unfortunately used without fighter escort and suffered severe losses. On September 30, 1939, No. 150 Squadron went on a bombing mission where four out of five of the aircraft were shot down.

First Victorian Crosses of World War II

The very first Victorian Crosses to be awarded in World War II were posthumously to a Battle crew that attacked the Maastricht bridges on May 10, 1940. These men were Flying Officer D. E. Garland and Sergeant T. Gray of No. 12 Squadron.

In this attack four of the five aircraft were shot down.

Losses Mount

On May 14, 1940, 70 (71) Battles raided Sedan, and of those 40 were lost. They were from the Nos 12, 103, 105, 150, and 218 Squadrons.

Trainers

After the severe losses the Battles were withdrawn from front line duty and converted into trainers. Some were shipped to Canada to be used in air gunnery schools.

Belgium

Belgium received Battles.

Specifications

  Battle
Type Light bomber
Crew 3
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin II
Cylinders V 12
Cooling Liquid
HP 1,030
Dimensions  
Span 54'
16.46 m
Length 42' 1.75"
12.85 m
Height 15' 6"
4.72 m
Wing area 422 sq ft
39.2 sq m
Weight  
Empty 6,647 lb
3,015 kg
Loaded 10,792 lb
4,895 kg
Performance  
Speed at 10,000' / 3,050 m 241 mph
388 kph
Climb 920'/minute
280 m/minute
Service ceiling 25,000'
7,620 m
Range 900 miles
1,450 km
Armament  
Starboard wing 1: 7.7 mm / 0.303" MG
Rear cockpit 1: 7.7 mm / 0.303" MG
Bombs - Internal 4: 250 lb
4: 113 kg
  Battle Mk I
Type Bomber, Light bomber
Crew 2, 3
Pilot, gunner, radioman
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin Mk I
Rolls-Royce Merlin Mk II
Rolls-Royce Merlin III piston
Cylinders Inline, V-12
Cooling Liquid
HP 1,030
Mk II: 990
Dimensions  
Span 54'
16.46 m
Length 45' 1.75", 52' 1", 52' 2"
12.9 m
Height 15' 6"
4.72 m
Wing area 422 ft2
39.2 m2
Weight  
Empty 6,647 lb
3,015 kg
Loaded 10,792 lb, 10,800 lb
4,895 kg
Performance  
Speed 270 mph
Speed at 13,000' / 3,960 m 241 mph
388 kph
Climb to 5,000' / 1,525 m 4.1 minutes
Service ceiling 23,500'
7,165 m
Range 1,000 miles, 1,050 miles
1,690 km
Armament  
Forward firing 1: MG
1: 7.7 mm MG
Starboard wing 1: MG
Rear cockpit 1: MG
1: 7.7 mm MG
Bombs 4
1,000 lb
454 kg
  Battle Mk II
Type Trainer
Engine (Type) Rolls-Royce Merlin
Cooling Liquid
HP 1,030
Dimensions  
Span 54'
Length 42'
Height 15' 6"
Weight  
Loaded 10,600 lb
Performance  
Speed 270 mph
Range 1,000 miles

Sources:

  1. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  4. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site