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Great Britain's Vickers Warwick air sea rescue

Photos

  • Vickers Warwick air sea rescue
  • vickers-warwick-air-sea-rescue
  • vickers-warwick-air-sea-rescue
  • Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I (Tropical) air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick B Mk I bomber
  • Vickers Warwick C Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick C Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick C Mk I transport
  • Vickers Warwick C Mk III air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick C Mk III air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick GR Mk V air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick GR Mk V air sea rescue

 

Design

The design of the Vickers Warwick started in 1935 to be a successor to the Wellington.1,2 The Warwick had a similar geodetic and fabric construction method.1

Engines

The lack of an engine and waffling officials caused the Warwick to not become a bomber as it was originally designed to be.1 The initial Rolls-Royce Vulture engines were unreliable.1 The next prototype had Bristol Centaurus engines, but as these weren't completely developed the Pratt & Whitney Double Wasps was selected in the mean time.1

  Type Cylinder HP
Prototype 2: Rolls-Royce Vulture1    
Warwick I,
Warwick III,
Warwick VI:
2: Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp1 Radial 181 1,850 each1
Warwick II,
Warwick V:
2: Bristol Centaurus VII1 Radial 181 2,520 each1

Air Sea Rescue

In early 1943 it was decided to use the Warwick as an air sea rescue plane.1 70 bombers were converted on the production line to the ASR.I.1

There was a deployable life boat slung under the fuselage.1 The lifeboat was 23' 6" / 7.17 m x 5' 6" / 1.67 m and weighed 1,700 lbs / 772 kg.2 There were six 32' / 9.76 m diameter parachutes to slow its decent.2 There was also survival gear that could be dropped.1 ASV radar was also installed.1

Prototype

The Warwick prototype first flew on August 13, 1939 with Rolls-Royce Vulture engines.1 The second prototype flew in April 1940 and had Bristol Centaurus engines.1

Production

The Warwick B.I first flew in early 1942.1 The Warwick GR.V first flew in April 1944.1

  • Prototypes: 21
  • Warwick B Mk I: 161
  • Warwick C Mk I: 141
  • Warwick ASR Mk I: 2751
  • Warwick B Mk II: 11
  • Warwick GR Mk II: 1321
  • Warwick C Mk III: 1001
  • Warwick GR Mk V: 2111
  • Warwick ASR Mk VI: 941
  • Total: 8451
    • Production: - April 19461

Variants

  • Prototype: Had Rolls-Royce Vulture engines.1
  • Warwick B Mk I: Bomber.1
  • Warwick C Mk I: Transport.1,2 Pratt & Whitney engines.1
  • Warwick ASR Mk I: Air sea rescue.1,2 Entered service in October 1943.1
  • Warwick GR Mk I: General reconnaissance.2
  • Warwick GR Mk II: General reconnaissance.1 Didn't see service.1
  • Warwick GR Mk II (Met): Meteorological reconnaissance.1 Didn't see service.1
  • Warwick ASR Mk II: Two Bristol Centaurus IV engines.2 Prototype only.2
  • Warwick C Mk III: Transport.1,2 Troop carrier.2 Pratt & Whitney engines.1 Freight pannier under the fuselage.1 Could carry 24 troops or 6,170 lb / 3,000 kg of frieght.1
  • Warwick C Mk IV: Two Bristol Centaurus IV radial 18 engines.2 Prototype only.2
  • Warwick GR Mk V: General reconnaissance.1 ASV radar.1 Leigh light.1 Anti submarine weapons.1
  • Warwick GR Mk VI: General reconnaissance.1 Pratt & Whitney engines.1

Usage

The Vickers Warwick was used by Britain.1

Air sea rescue

There were 15 RAF squadrons that were equipped with the Warwick for air sea rescue.1

Specifications

  Warwick
Dimensions  
Span 96' 8.5"2
29.5 m2
Length 70' 6 "2
21.5 m2
Height 18' 6"2
5.64 m2
Wing area 1,006 sq ft2
93.45 sq m2
Weight  
Loaded 45,000 lb2
20,430 kg2
  Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I, Vickers Warwick GR Mk I, Vickers Warwick C Mk I
Type Air Sea Resuce1, General Reconnaissance2, Transport2
Crew 71
Engine (Type) 2: Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp1
2: Pratt & Whitney R-2800-S1A4G2
OR 2: Pratt & Whitney R-2800-2SBG2
Cylinders Radial 181,2
HP 1,850 each1
Dimensions  
Span 96' 8.5"1
29.48 m1
Length 72' 3"1
22.02 m1
Height 18' 6"1
5.64 m1
Weight  
Empty 29,174 lb1
13,233 kg1
Loaded 45,000 lb1
20,412 kg1
Performance  
Speed @ 3,600' /
1,100 m
224 mph1
360 kph1
Climb 660'/minute1
200 m/minute1
Service ceiling 21,500'1
6,553 m1
Range 2,300 miles1
3,700 km1
Armament  
Turret - Nose 2: 0.303" MG2
Turret - Upper 2: 0.303" MG2
Turret - Tail 4: 0.303" MG2
Bomb bay - GR Mk I Bombs, mines, or depth charges2
Bomb bay - ASR Mk I Mk IA airborne lifeboat2
C Mk I None2
  Vickers Warwick GR Mk II
Type General reconnaissance1,2
Crew 71
Engine (Type) 2: Bristol Centaurus VII1,21
Cylinders Radial 142, Radial 181
HP 2,520 each1
Armament 8: 0.303" MG1
  Vickers Warwick GR Mk V
Type General Reconnaissance1,2
Crew 71
Engine (Type) 2: Bristol Centaurus VII1,2
Cylinders Radial 181,2
HP 2,520 each1
Weight  
Empty 31,230 lb1
14,166 kg1
Loaded 50,000 lb1
22,680 kg1
Performance  
Speed 290 mph1
467 kph1
Service ceiling 19,000'1
5,790 m1
Range 3,060 miles1
4,908 km1
Armament  
Nose 1: 0.5" MG1,2
Beam positions 2: 0.5" MG1,2
Tail turret 4: 0.303" MG1
OR 4: 0.5" MG1
Ordnance 2,000 lb1
907 kg1

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site