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Great Britain's Vickers Warwick air sea rescue

Photos

  • Vickers Warwick air sea rescue
  • vickers-warwick-air-sea-rescue
  • vickers-warwick-air-sea-rescue
  • Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I (Tropical) air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick B Mk I bomber
  • Vickers Warwick C Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick C Mk I air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick C Mk I transport
  • Vickers Warwick C Mk III air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick C Mk III air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick GR Mk V air sea rescue
  • Vickers Warwick GR Mk V air sea rescue

 

Design

The design of the Vickers Warwick started in 1935 to be a successor to the Wellington. The Warwick had a similar geodetic and fabric construction method.

Engines

The lack of an engine and waffling officials caused the Warwick to not become a bomber as it was originally designed to be. The initial Rolls-Royce Vulture engines were unreliable. The next prototype had Bristol Centaurus engines, but as these weren't completely developed the Pratt & Whitney Double Wasps was selected in the mean time.

  Type Cylinder HP
Prototype 2: Rolls-Royce Vulture    
Warwick I,
Warwick III,
Warwick VI:
2: Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp Radial 18 1,850 each
Warwick II,
Warwick V:
2: Bristol Centaurus VII Radial 18 2,520 each

Air Sea Rescue

In early 1943 it was decided to use the Warwick as an air sea rescue plane. 70 bombers were converted on the production line to the ASR.I.

There was a deployable life boat slung under the fuselage. The lifeboat was 23' 6" / 7.17 m x 5' 6" / 1.67 m and weighed 1,700 lbs / 772 kg. There were six 32' / 9.76 m diameter parachutes to slow its decent. There was also survival gear that could be dropped. ASV radar was also installed.

Prototype

The Warwick prototype first flew on August 13, 1939 with Rolls-Royce Vulture engines. The second prototype flew in April 1940 and had Bristol Centaurus engines.

Production

The Warwick B.I first flew in early 1942. The Warwick GR.V first flew in April 1944.

  • Prototypes: 2
  • Warwick B Mk I: 16
  • Warwick C Mk I: 14
  • Warwick ASR Mk I: 275
  • Warwick B Mk II: 1
  • Warwick GR Mk II: 132
  • Warwick C Mk III: 100
  • Warwick GR Mk V: 211
  • Warwick ASR Mk VI: 94
  • Total: 845
    • Production: - April 1946

Variants

  • Prototype: Had Rolls-Royce Vulture engines.
  • Warwick B Mk I: Bomber.
  • Warwick C Mk I: Transport. Pratt & Whitney engines.
  • Warwick ASR Mk I: Air sea rescue. Entered service in October 1943.
  • Warwick GR Mk I: General reconnaissance.
  • Warwick GR Mk II: General reconnaissance. Didn't see service.
  • Warwick GR Mk II (Met): Meteorological reconnaissance. Didn't see service.
  • Warwick ASR Mk II: Two Bristol Centaurus IV engines. Prototype only.
  • Warwick C Mk III: Transport. Troop carrier. Pratt & Whitney engines. Freight pannier under the fuselage. Could carry 24 troops or 6,170 lb / 3,000 kg of frieght.
  • Warwick C Mk IV: Two Bristol Centaurus IV radial 18 engines. Prototype only.
  • Warwick GR Mk V: General reconnaissance. ASV radar. Leigh light. Anti submarine weapons.
  • Warwick GR Mk VI: General reconnaissance. Pratt & Whitney engines.

Usage

The Vickers Warwick was used by Britain.

Air sea rescue

There were 15 RAF squadrons that were equipped with the Warwick for air sea rescue.

Specifications

  Warwick
Dimensions  
Span 96' 8.5"
29.5 m
Length 70' 6 "
21.5 m
Height 18' 6"
5.64 m
Wing area 1,006 sq ft
93.45 sq m
Weight  
Loaded 45,000 lb
20,430 kg
  Vickers Warwick ASR Mk I, Vickers Warwick GR Mk I, Vickers Warwick C Mk I
Type Air Sea Resuce, General Reconnaissance, Transport
Crew 7
Engine (Type) 2: Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp
2: Pratt & Whitney R-2800-S1A4G
OR 2: Pratt & Whitney R-2800-2SBG
Cylinders Radial 18
HP 1,850 each
Dimensions  
Span 96' 8.5"
29.48 m
Length 72' 3"
22.02 m
Height 18' 6"
5.64 m
Weight  
Empty 29,174 lb
13,233 kg
Loaded 45,000 lb
20,412 kg
Performance  
Speed @ 3,600' /
1,100 m
224 mph
360 kph
Climb 660'/minute
200 m/minute
Service ceiling 21,500'
6,553 m
Range 2,300 miles
3,700 km
Armament  
Turret - Nose 2: 0.303" MG
Turret - Upper 2: 0.303" MG
Turret - Tail 4: 0.303" MG
Bomb bay - GR Mk I Bombs, mines, or depth charges
Bomb bay - ASR Mk I Mk IA airborne lifeboat
C Mk I None
  Vickers Warwick GR Mk II
Type General reconnaissance
Crew 7
Engine (Type) 2: Bristol Centaurus VII
Cylinders Radial 14, Radial 18
HP 2,520 each
Armament 8: 0.303" MG
  Vickers Warwick GR Mk V
Type General Reconnaissance
Crew 7
Engine (Type) 2: Bristol Centaurus VII
Cylinders Radial 18
HP 2,520 each
Weight  
Empty 31,230 lb
14,166 kg
Loaded 50,000 lb
22,680 kg
Performance  
Speed 290 mph
467 kph
Service ceiling 19,000'
5,790 m
Range 3,060 miles
4,908 km
Armament  
Nose 1: 0.5" MG
Beam positions 2: 0.5" MG
Tail turret 4: 0.303" MG
OR 4: 0.5" MG
Ordnance 2,000 lb
907 kg

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site