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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Jagdtiger, SdKfz 186

Photos

Jagdtiger tank destroyer:
Germany's Jagdtiger tank destroyer

Jagdtiger tank destroyer:
Germany's Jagdtiger tank destroyer
Dragon Armor, 60013:
Dragon Armor 60013 JagdTiger Diecast Model

Dragon Armor, 60013SP:
Dragon Armor 60013 JagdTiger Diecast Model

Dragon Armor, 60014:
Dragon Armor 60014 JagdTiger Diecast Model

Dragon Armor, 60014SP:
Dragon Armor 60014 JagdTiger Diecast Model
Dragon Armor, 60109:
Dragon Armor 60109 JagdTiger Diecast Model

Dragon Armor, 60110:


Dragon Armor, 60110SP:


Dragon Armor, 60111:
Dragon Armor 60111 JagdTiger Diecast Model
Dragon Armor, 60111SP:
Dragon Armor 60111 JagdTiger Diecast Model

Dragon Armor, 60112:
Dragon Armor 1/72 Diecast 60112, German Jagdtiger

Dragon Armor, 60112SP:
Dragon Armor 60112 JagdTiger Diecast Model

Dragon Armor, 60127:

Dragon Armor, 60127SP:


Dragon Armor, 60128:


Dragon Armor, 60179:
Dragon Armor 60179 German Jagdtiger Diecast Model

Dragon Armor, 60264:
Dragon 1/72 Diecast Armor, 60264, German Jagdtiger

Design

On May 18, 1942 Hitler ordered the development of a self-propelled vehicle mounting the 128 mm gun. A wooden mockup was presented in Arys, East Prussia on Oct. 20, 1943. The first production model was built at Kummersdorf on April 6, 1944.

The Jagdtiger was the heaviest armored vehicle used in World War II. It was nearly useless as an offensive weapon and was basically a mobile armored pillbox.

Superstructure

It had a double door in the rear of the superstructure for entry and exit, and to be able to access the gun for maintenance. The roof was bolted to the superstructure. Located in the roof was a hatch, roof ventilator, close defense weapon, and smoke equipment. The gun sighting equipment was also in the roof.

Chassis

Two types were made using the PzKpfw VIB chassis which had to be extended 10". The Porsche version had torsion bar suspension and eight road wheels each side and only one was built.

Main Armament

It had a 128 mm PaK 44 L/55 installed. The ammunition had to be split into two sections as it was so heavy.

Ammunition Type Weight Velocity Range Penetration
1,000 m /
3,028'
1,500 m /
4,921'
3,000 m /
9,842'
    3,016'/s
920 m/s
73,523'
22,410 m
9.1"
230 mm
  6.8"
173 mm
AP 62.4 lb 3,019'/s     6.18"
157 mm
 
HE     17,279 yd      

Engine

The massive Jagdtiger's bulk was propelled by the same engine that was in the lighter Jagdpanther.

Prototype

A mockup, made of iron, first appeared in October 1943.

Production

The German Weapons Department ordered 150 from the Austrian firm Steyr-Daimler-Puch at St. Valentin. They took a standard PzKpfw VIB chassis and extended it vertically.

Due to shortages in 128 mm gun some had 88 mm PaK 43/3. The last 26 produced had the 88 mm.

Due to air raids production wasn't able to meet the goal of 50 per month.

In February 1945 production ceased.

  • Jagdtiger: 48, 70, 77
    • Production: October 1943 - ?, July 1944 - March 1945
      • 1944: 48
      • 1945: 22, 25
    • Manufacturer: Henschel, Nibelungenwerke, Nibelungwerk at St. Valentin

Variants

  • Jagdtiger;
    12.8 cm PaK 80 auf Panzerjäger Tiger, Ausf B;
    Panzerjäger Tiger Ausf B;
    Jagdtiger für 12.8 cm Pak 44 L/55;
    Jagdpanzer VI;
    Jagdpanzer VI, Jagdtiger, 12.8 cm Pak 44 L/55;
    PzJäg Tiger Ausf B für 12.8cm Pak44;
    SdKfz 186
    :
  • Jagdtiger (Henschel): Had 9 road wheels.
  • Jagdtiger (Porsche): Had 8 road wheels.

Usage

512th Army Heavy Anti-tank Battalion

Was formed in Paderborn on February 11, 1945. It saw action at the Remagen bridgehead.

Was formed from the remaining members of the 424th (former 501st) Heavy Tank Battalion. It resisted the Soviet offensive east of the River Vistula.

653rd Army Heavy Anti-tank Battalion

During the first week of April 1945 the last four produced were delivered to the 653rd.

Nine Jagdtigers took part in the Ardennes Offensive with the 5th Panzer Army's strategic reserve. It never ended up being used in action.

The 653rd was moved to the Saar to take part in Operation Northwind (Nordwind). At least one was destroyed near Rimling.

On April 1, 1945, there were 23 Jagdtigers assigned to the 653rd. All were lost in the last month of the war.

Specifications

  Jagdtiger
Crew Commander, gunner, loaders(2), driver, hull gunner/radio operator
6
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 167,551 lb
70,000 kg, 76,000 kg
68.9 tons, 70 tons, 70.5 tons, 70.57 tons, 76 tons, 79 tons
Henschel: 71.7 tons
Porsche: 69.9 tons
Length w/gun 34' 11.3", 34' 11.4", 34' 11.5", 35'
10.65 m, 10.654 m
Length w/o gun 24.7', 25' 7"
Henschel: 7.8 m
Height 9', 9' 3", 9' 8", 9' 8.1"
2.82 m, 2.95 m, 2.945 m
Width 11' 10.7", 11' 10.75", 11' 10.9", 11' 11", 12'
3.63 m, 3.625 m
Width - travel tracks 10' 8.75"
Ground clearance 1' 6", 1' 10"
Ground contact length 188.5"
Ground pressure 13.1 psi
Armament  
Main 1: 128 mm
1: 128 mm PaK 44 L/55
1: 128 mm PaK 44
1: 128 mm PaK 80
1: 128 mm Pak 80 L/55
1: 88 mm PaK 43/3
Secondary  
MG 1: MG
2: 7.92 mm MG
2: 7.92 mm MG34
MG - top engine compartment 1: 7.92 mm MG34
MG - hull 1: 7.92 mm MG34
1: 7.9 mm MG34
Side arms 1: 7.92 mm MG42
Quantity  
Main 38 or 40, 38
40 Pzgr and Spgr
Secondary  
MG 1,500 Patr SmK
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 250
Front: 5.9", 9.84"
Side: 3.2"
Hull Front, Upper 150@50°, 250@15°
Hull Front, Lower 100@50°
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower 80@0°
Hull Rear 80@30°
Hull Top 40@90°
Hull Bottom 25-40@90°
Superstructure Front 9.9", 250@15°
Superstructure Sides 3.2", 80@25°
Superstructure Rear 80@5°, 80@10°
Superstructure Top 40@85°
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach
Maybach HL 230 P30

Maybach HL 230
Maybach HL 230 TR
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water
Cylinders V-12
Net HP 600 - 700; 700, 700@3,000 rpm
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio 6.8:1
Transmission (Type) Olvar preselective
8 forward, 4 reverse
Steering Regenerative controlled differential - 2 radii of turn. Hydraulically operated. Wheel controlled but auxiliary levers provided.
Steering ratio  
Starter Electric and inertia
Electrical system Starting: 24-volt
Normal: 12-volt
Ignition Magneto
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity 228 gallons
Road consumption 0.47 mpg
1.8 gallons / 1 mile.
Cross country consumption 0.14 mpg
Performance  
Traverse 10° left, 10 right°
±10°
Speed - Road 21.5 mph, 23 mph, 23.6 mph, 24 mph, 26 mph
34.6 kph, 38 kph
Speed - Cross Country 9 - 12 mph, 9 mph, 11 mph
14.5 kph, 17 kph
Range - Road 100 miles, 105 miles, 105.6 miles, 106 miles
170 km
Range - Cross Country 74.5 miles, 75 miles
120 km
Turning radius  
Elevation limits -7.5° to +15°
Fording depth 64", 5' 5"
1.65 m
Trench crossing 8' 2", 9.85', 9' 10"
2.49 m, 3 m
Vertical obstacle 2' 9.5"
0.85 m
Climbing ability 35° (70%) slope
Suspension (Type) Henschel: transverse torsion bars
Porsche: longitudinal torsion bars
Independently sprung on torsion bars
Wheels each side 9
Henschel: 9x2
Porsche: 8x2
Return rollers each side 0
Tracks (Type) Dry pin
Length  
Width 32"
Diameter  
Number of links 95 shoes (47 lines of double shoes)
Pitch 5.9"
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 9' 2", 9.3'

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Tank Data, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, 1968?
  5. German Tanks of World War II, Dr. S. Hart & Dr. R. Hart, 1998
  6. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  7. German Tanks and Armoured Vehicles 1914 - 1945, B. T. White, 1966
  8. Profile, AFV Weapons #55, German Self-Propelled Weapons, Peter Chamberlain, H.L. Doyle, 1973
  9. Profile AFV Weapons #48 PzKpfw VI Tiger I and Tiger II ("King Tiger"), Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  10. World War I and II Tanks, George Forty, 2012
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