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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Jagdpanzer IV SdKfz 162, Jagdpanzer IV/70 SdKfz 162/1 tank hunters

Photos

Dragon Armor
60181:
Dragon Diecast 1/72 Armor German Jagdpanzer 60181

60225:
Dragon Diecast 1/72 Armor German Jagdpanzer 60225
60226:
Dragon Diecast 1/72 Armor German Jagdpanzer 60226

60231:
Dragon Diecast 1/72 Armor German Jagdpanzer 60231
60232:
Dragon Diecast 1/72 Armor German Jagdpanzer 60232

60239:
Dragon Diecast 1/72 Armor German Jagdpanzer 60239
60240:
Dragon Diecast 1/72 Armor German Jagdpanzer 60240

Design

Specifications for the Jagdpanzer IV originated in 1942 calling for a heavy assault gun with 100 mm armor. It was to replace the Sturmgeschütz in the tank destroyer role as it couldn't be upgunned. Initially it was to be armed with the 7.5 cm Pak 42 L/70 but the Panthers had priority and the 7.5 cm L/48 gun was used.

Guderian was against the project as it took away from the PzKpfw IV tanks. In June 1944 Hitler ordered production of the PzKpfw IV should be abandoned to concentrate on the Jagdpanzer IV.

Crews

The crews of the Jagdpanzer IV liked the thick armor and low silhouette.

Chassis

The chassis chosen to be used was the one used for the PzKpfw IV.

Suspension

Because of the long barrel gun it caused the Jagdpanzer IV to be nose heavy. The resulted in the front wheels being steel ringed instead of rubber.

Main Armament

Gun Ammunition Type Weight Velocity Range
7.5 cm KwK 40 L/48 AP 15 lb 2,461'/s  
75 mm PaK 42 L/70 AP 15 lb 3,068'/s  
HE     10,776 yd

Tank Destroyer Armament Performance

Tank Destroyer Armament Performance

Prototype

A wooden model, made by Vomag Betriebs of Plauen/Vogtland, was shown to Hitler on May 14, 1943 and a soft steel model was presented to Hitler in September 1943/ October 1943. The final prototype was made in December 1943.

Production

  • Jagdpanzer IV chassis: 1,531
  • Stug Pzkpfw IV: 769, 26 chassis
    • Production: January 1944 - November 1944
    • Manufacturer: Vomag, Alkett
  • Jagdpanzer IV: 769
    • Production: 1944
    • Manufacturer: Krupp, Demag (in association with Alkett) M.I.A.G.
  • Jagdpanzer IV mit 7.5 cm Stuk 42:
    • Production:
    • Manufacturer: Krupp
  • Jagdpanzer IV/70(V): 900, 930
    • Production: August 1944 - March 1945
    • Manufacturer: Vomag
  • Jagdpanzer IV/70(A): 278, 300
    • Production: 1944 - 1945, August 1944 - March 1945
    • Manufacturer: Alkett, Nibelungenwerke
  • Total: 1,339
    • Production: December 1943 - March 1945

Production Comparison

Tank Destroyer Production Comparison

Variants

  • Sturmgeschütz neuer Art mit 7.5 cm PaK L/48 auf Fahrgestell Panzerkampfwagen IV (SdKfz 162):
  • Jagdpanzer IV, SdKfz 162: Due to delays in getting the L/70 gun fitted, Vomag was asked to start production with the 7.5 cm KwK 40 L/48 gun.
    Entered production in January 1944. The armor was supplied by Witkowiter Bergbau un Eisenhütten. The gun was made by Rheinmetall-Borsig and Seitz of Kreuznach.
    Early vehicles had muzzle brake, but as the gun was only 1.4 m / 4' 7" above the ground a lot of dust was kicked up when fired, they were later deleted.
    Had Schürzen and Zimmerit anti-magnetic mine paste installed at the factory. The 75 mm gun was offset 200 mm / 8" to the right of center.
    Were issued to tank hunter detachments of Panzer divisions from March 1944. They were first used by the Hermann Göring Division in Italy, then with the 4th and 5th Panzer Divisions in Russia, and then with the Panzerlehr, 9th Panzer, and 12th SS Panzer Divisions in France.
  • Jagdpanzer IV Ausf F. (7.5cm Pak 39 L/48) SdKfz 162; Panzerjäger 39: Was to have the 7.5 cm StuK 42 L/70 but production delays forced the use of the 7.5cm Pak 39 L/48. Later models had no muzzle brake.
  • Jagdpanzer IV/70(V); Panzerjäger IV für 7.5 cm StuK 42 L/70 (SdKfz 162/1); 7.5 cm Stu. K. 42 L/70 auf Panzerjäger IV, SdKfz 162; Panzer IV/70 SdKfz 162/1; Jagdpanzer IV mit 7.5cm StuK 42 L/70: Built by Vomag. A prototype with the longer L/70 gun was introduced in May 1944. The gun was made by Gustloff of Weimar and Skoda.
    Entered service in August 1944. Sometimes nicknamed "Guderian's Chicken." The longer gun made the tank nose heavy so the front wheels had to be made steel as it was wearing out the rubber quickly. Late models were to have a Vorsatz P mount for use with the MP44 with a curved barrel attachment.
    The front 3/4 of the vehicle was the crew compartment and the rear section contained the engine. The was mounted 200 mm (8") to the right of center, and had no muzzle brake. The gun overhung the front by 2.58 m (8' 6"), and made the vehicle nose heavy. The buffer and recuperator mechanisms had to be located above the barrel so that it would fit.
    Some vehicles constructed in early 1945 were built on the Panzer III/IV chassis and had 3 return rollers.
    The 105th and 106th Independent Panzer Brigades were issued them in August 1944. 137 were used in the Ardennes offensive in December 1944.
  • Jagdpanzer IV/70(A); Panzer IV/70 Zwischenlösung: Built by Alkett.
    Mounted the 7.5cm StuK 42 L/70. Built on the PzKpfw IV Ausf J chassis.
    The difference was that at the rear there was a vertical section in the superstructure instead of being sloped. It was nose heavy and had the first 4 sets of bogies fitted with steel rimmed wheels.
    Most were used on eastern front as replacements.

Usage

They replaced the Marder IIs and Marder IIIs in the panzer division's tank destroyer battalions.

In The West

Partially equipped 6 mechanized divisions on June 6, 1944, in the West. Only 60 fought in Normandy.

At The End

As of April 1, 1945, there were 275 still in use with the German Army.

Specifications

  StuG PzKpfw IV
Crew 4
Radio FuG Spr f
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 24-25 tons
Length 6.85 m
Height 1.85 m
Width 3.17 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Armament  
Main 75 mm PaK39 L/48
Secondary  
MG 2: 7.92 mm MG42 (1 in late production)
MG - coaxial  
MG - hull  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 79
Secondary  
MG 600
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 60@50°
Mantlet: 80
Hull Front, Lower 60@45° & 50@55°
Hull Sides, Upper 30@30°
Hull Sides, Lower 30@0°
Hull Rear 20@35° & 20@11° & 20@9°
Hull Top 20@90° & 10@90°
Hull Bottom 12+10 to 10@90°
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach HL 120 TRM
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP  
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 6 forward, 1 reverse.
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 10° left, 10° right
Speed - Road 40 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 210 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits -5° to +15°
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tires  
Track centers/tread  
  Jagdpanzer IV
Crew 4
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 56,933 lb
23.6 tons, 23.62 tons, 24 tons, 24.1 tons, 26.9 tons
24,000 kg, 25,800 kg
Length w/gun 22' 5.7", 22' 6", 28' 1.8"
6.85 m, 8.58 m
Length w/o gun 19' 4"', 19' 9"
Height 6', 6' 0.8", 6' 1", 6' 5.2"
1.85 m, 1.96 m
Width 9' 7.4", 9.7', 10' 4.8", 10' 5"
2.93 m, 3.17 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 15.8"
Ground contact length 138.5"
Ground pressure 12.3 psi
Armament  
Main 1: 75 mm
1: 75 mm Pak 39
1: 75 mm Pak, L/48
1: 7.5 cm Pak 39 L/48
Secondary  
MG 1 or 2: 7.92 mm MG
2: 7.92 mm MG34
OR 2: 7.92 mm MG42
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 79
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 11 - 80, 80, 100
Front 3.2"@45°, 60
Side 1.6"@30°, 305
Hull Front, Upper 45°, 60@50°
mantlet: 80 round
Hull Front, Lower 57°, 50@55°
Hull Sides, Upper 30@30°
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 20@35° & 20@11°
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach
Maybach HL 120
Maybach HL 120 TRM
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water
Cylinders V-12
Capacity  
Net HP 265, 300, 300@3,000 rpm, 700
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio 6.5:1
Transmission (Type) Synchromesh
6 forward, 1 reverse
Steering Clutch brake
Steering ratio  
Starter Electric and inertia
Electrical system Starting: 24-volt
Running: 12-volt
Ignition Mageneto
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity 125 gallons
Road consumption 1 mpg
Cross country consumption 0.6 mpg
Performance  
Traverse 20°
Speed - Road 22 mph, 24 mph, 24.8 mph, 24.9 mph, 25 mph
33 kph, 40 kph
Speed - Cross Country 10 mph
Range - Road 124 miles, 130.5 miles, 133 miles
210 km, 214 km
Range - Cross Country 78 miles
Turning radius  
Elevation limits -5° to +20°
Fording depth 3 ' 11"
1.2 m
Trench crossing 7' 6.6"
2.3 m
Vertical obstacle 1' 11.6"
0.6 m
Climbing ability 30° (57%) slope
Suspension (Type) Sprung in pairs on 1/4 elliptic springs
Wheels each side 8
Return rollers each side 4
Tracks (Type) Dry pin
Length  
Width 15.75"
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch 4.75"
Tires  
Track centers/tread  
  Jagdpanzer IV mit 7.5 cm Stuk 42
Crew 4, 5
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 26.9 tons
56,879 lb
25,800 kg
Length w/gun 28' 1.8"
8.58 m
Length w/o gun 19.5'
Height 5.9', 6' 5.2"
1.96 m
Width 9.5', 9' 7.4"
2.93 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 15.7"
Ground contact length 150"
Ground pressure 11.4 psi
Armament  
Main 1: 75 mm PaK 39 L/70
1: 75 mm StuK 42, L/70
Secondary  
MG 2: 7.92 mm MG34
1: 7.9 mm MG42, unmounted
OR 2: 7.92 mm MG42
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 55
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Front 3.2"@45°
Side 1.6"@30°
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach HL 120
Maybach HL 120 TRM
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water
Cylinders V-12
Capacity  
Net HP 265, 300@3,000 rpm
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio 6.5:1
Transmission (Type) Synchromesh
6 forward, 1 reverse
Steering Clutch brake
Steering ratio  
Starter Electric and inertia
Electrical system Starting: 24-volt
Running: 12-volt
Ignition Mageneto
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity 125 gallons
Road consumption 1 mpg
Cross country consumption 0.6 mpg
Performance  
Traverse 20°
Speed - Road 22 mph, 25 mph
35 kph
Speed - Cross Country 10 mph
Range - Road 124 miles, 133 miles
214 km
Range - Cross Country 78 miles
Turning radius  
Elevation limits -8° to +20°
Fording depth 3' 11"
1.2 m
Trench crossing 7.6', 7' 6.6"
2.3 m
Vertical obstacle 1' 11", 1' 11.6"
0.6 m
Climbing ability 30° (57%) slope
Suspension (Type) Sprung in pairs on 1/4 elliptic springs
Wheels each side 8
Return rollers each side 4
Tracks (Type) Dry pin
Length  
Width 15.75"
Diameter  
Number of links 99
Pitch 4.75"
Tires  
Track centers/tread 8.1'
  Jagdpanzer IV/70(V)
Crew 4, 5
Radio FuG Spr f
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 24.5 tons, 25.8 tons
Length 8.5 m
Height 1.85 m
Width 3.17 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Armament  
Main 1: 75 mm PaK 42 L/70
1: 7.5 cm L/70
Secondary  
MG 1:7.92 mm MG42
MG - hull 1: 7.92 mm MG34
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 55
Secondary  
MG 600
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 80@50°, 80@45°
Hull Front, Lower 45@55°, 80@45° & 50@55°
Hull Sides, Upper 40@30°
Hull Sides, Lower 30@0°
Hull Rear 20@35°& 20@11° & 20@9°
Hull Top 20@90° & 10@90°
Hull Bottom 12+10 to 10@90°
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach HL 120 TRM
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP 300
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 6 forward, 1 reverse.
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 10° left, 10° right
Speed - Road 35 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 133 miles
210 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits -5° to +15°
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side 4
Late production: 3
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tires  
Track centers/tread  
  Jagdpanzer IV/70(A)
Crew 4
Radio FuG5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 28 tons
Length 8.44 m
Height 2.35 m
Width 2.88 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Armament  
Main 1: 75 mm PaK 42 L/70
1: 7.5 cm StuK 42 L/70
Secondary  
MG 1: 7.92 mm MG42
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) Mantlet: 120
Hull Front, Upper 80@50°, 85
Hull Front, Lower 80@10° & 80@14°, 85
Hull Sides, Upper 30, 40@30°
Hull Sides, Lower 40@30° & 30@0°
Hull Rear 20@35° & 20@10°, 30
Hull Top 20@90° & 10@90°
Hull Bottom 10@90°
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach HL 120 TRM & Maybach HL 120 TRM 112
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP  
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 6 forward, 1 reverse.
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 10° left, 10° right
Speed - Road 24 mph
38 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 200 miles
320 km, 322 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits -5° to +15°
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tires  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. The Illustrated Guide to Tanks of the World, George Forty, 2006
  5. German Tanks of World War II, Dr. S. Hart & Dr. R. Hart, 1998
  6. Tank Data, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, 1968?
  7. German Tanks and Armoured Vehicles 1914 - 1945, B. T. White, 1966
  8. Profile, AFV Weapons #55, German Self-Propelled Weapons, Peter Chamberlain, H.L. Doyle, 1973
  9. Profile AFV Weapons #43 PanzerKampfwagen IV, Walter Spielberger, 1972
  10. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
  11. World War I and II Tanks, George Forty, 2012
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