World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Panzerkampfwagen V Ausf A; PzKpfw V Ausf A; Panther; SdKfz 171 medium tank

Design

Came after the PzKpfw V Ausf D, and was introduced late in the summer of 19448. MAN, Daimler-Benz, MNH and DEMAG built this model. Stronger wheel fixing (24 bolts vs. 16 bolts).

The AP round weighed 15 lbs and had a muzzle velocity of 3,066'/sec.6

Armored aprons were installed for the top of the tracks.1,2,3 Zimmerit was also applied.1,2 There were four exhaust pipes that were mounted differently than the Ausf D.1

Zimmerit was added to all new Panthers starting in September 1943 through September 1944, at which time it was discontinued as it was felt that it was unnecessary .8

Fighting Compartment

Had better vision with episcopes rather than vision slits. Ball mounted hull machine gun for the radio operator.2,3,8

Turret

Later models had the turret modified.1 The side gun ports and the left side loading hatch were eliminated.1,3 Nahverteidgungswaffe close-in defense weapon was installed.

There was now an armored cupola in the turret.3,8 The cupola was cast and had seven periscopes.1,3 There was also a mount for an AA MG to be installed.1

The gunner had a monocular sight.3

Production

A total of 1,768 were constructed.8

Additional production information.

Usage

This was the main type encountered in Normandy.3,9

Specifications

  Panzerkampfwagen V Ausf A
Crew 45, 53,6,7,10
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 45,500 kg5
98,800 lb, 100,310 lb5
44 tons3, 44.78 tons10, 45.5 tons4,7, 50.2 tons6
Length w/gun 29' 0.75"5, 29' 0.8"7, 29' 1"3,9,10
8.86 m5,7
Length w/o gun 22' 7"5,10, 22.6'6
6.88 m5
Height 9.7'6, 9' 9"9,3, 10' 2"5,7,10, 10.3'4
3.1 m5,7
Width 10.8'6, 11' 3"3,5,7,9,10
3.43 m5,7
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 21.2"6, 1' 10"3
Ground contact length 154"6
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 7.5 cm L/707
75 mm KwK 42 L/703,6,10
Secondary  
MG 2: MG10
3: 7.92 mm MG7
3: 7.92 mm MG343
MG - coaxial 7.9 mm MG346
MG - hull 7.9 mm MG346
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 793,6,7
Secondary  
MG 4,2007, 4,5003,6, 5,100
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 15 - 1104
Front: 3.2"@55°6
Side: 1.6"@40°6
Hull Front, Upper 807,10, 80@55°3
Hull Front, Lower 60@5°, 80@55°3
Hull Sides, Upper 407, 40@40°3
Hull Sides, Lower 40@0°3
Hull Rear 40@30°3
Hull Top 157, 15@90°3, 16@90°
Hull Bottom 16-30@90°, 20+13@90°3
Turret Front 4.3"6
110@10°3, 110@11°, 1207,10
Turret Sides 1.8"6
45@25°3
Turret Rear 45@25°, 45@28°3
Turret Top 15@83° & 88°3, 16@83°-90°
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach10, Maybach HL 230 P305,12,13
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water6
Cylinders V-126
Capacity  
Net HP 690@3,000 rpm3, 7007,10, 700@3,000 rpm6
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio 6.8:16
Transmission (Type) AK 7-200, 7 forward, 1 reverse3
Synchromesh, 7 forward, 1 reverse6
Steering Discontinuous regenerative6
Steering ratio  
Starter Electric and inertia6
Electrical system Starting :24-volt6
Normal: 12-volt6
Ignition Magneto6
Fuel (Type) Gasoline6
Octane  
Quantity 193 gallons (5 tanks)6
Road consumption 0.67 mpg6
Cross country consumption 0.34 mpg6
Performance  
Traverse Hand and hydraulic6
Speed - Road 25 mph, 28 mph10, 28.6 mph7, 29 mph5,6, 34 mph3
46 kph5,7
Speed - Cross Country 15 mph3, 16-19 mph6
Range - Road 110 miles3,5,7,10, 124 miles6
177 km5,7, 200 km
Range - Cross Country 55 miles3, 55.3 miles7, 62 miles6
89 km7
Turning radius  
Elevation limits -8° to +18°
Fording depth 4' 7"3, 5' 7"5, 67"6
1.7 m5
Trench crossing 6' 3"3,5, 6.25'6
1.91 m5
Vertical obstacle 35.4"6, 3'3,5
0.91 m5
Climbing ability 35° (70%) slope6
Suspension (Type) Two large road wheels independently sprung on 2 torsion bars6
Wheels each side 86
Return rollers each side 1 (small, behind sprocket)6
Tracks (Type) Dry pin6
Length  
Width 2' 1.6"7, 2' 1.75"3, 2' 2"6
6.5 cm7
Diameter  
Number of links 876
Pitch 5.9"6
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 8.6'6, 8' 7"7, 8' 7 1/8"3
2.62 m7

Sources:

  1. The Panther Family, Horst Scheibert, 1990
  2. Battle Winning Tanks, Aircraft & Warships of World War II, David Miller, 2000
  3. AFV #10: Panzerkampfwagen V Panther, Chris Ellis and Peter Chamberlain
  4. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  5. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  6. Tank Data, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, 1968?
  7. Airfix Magazine Guide #8 German Tanks of World War 2, Terry Gande and Peter Chamberlain, 1975
  8. German Tanks of World War II, Dr. S. Hart & Dr. R. Hart, 1998
  9. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  10. German Tanks and Armoured Vehicles 1914 - 1945, B. T. White, 1966
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site