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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Panzerkampfwagen V Ausf A(1), Panther, SdKfz 171 medium tank

Design

The first 20 were finished in November 1942. They had the commanders cupola that stuck out on the right side of the turret. Sometimes known as the D1. Hull gunner had MG 34 which fired through a vertical flap.

These 20 had only 60 mm of armor in the glacis plate and a Maybach HL-210 engine.1 It weighed 34.4 tons.1

From 21 on, they had thicker armor and the Maybach HL-230 engine.1 It weighed 44 tons.1

Specifications

  Panzerkampfwagen V Ausf A(1)*
Crew 52,3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 44 tons1, 45.5 tons, 44.8 tons2,3
Length w/gun 8.86 m2,3
Length w/o gun 6.88 m
Height 2.98 m3, 2.99 m2, 3.1 m
Width 3.42 m3, 3.43 m, 3.44 m2
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 0.56 m2
Ground contact length 3.91 m
Ground pressure 0.73 (kg/cm2)2, 0.9 kg/cm2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 75 mm L/702
75 mm KwK42 L/703
Secondary  
MG 2: MGs2
2: 7.92 mm MG343
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 792,3
Secondary  
MG 5,1002,3
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 604
Hull Front, Upper 60-802
80@55°3
Hull Front, Lower 60@55°3
Hull Sides, Upper 402
40@40°3
Hull Sides, Lower 40@0°3
Hull Rear 402
40@30°3
Hull Top 162
16@90°3
Hull Bottom 162
30-16@90°3
Turret Front 1002
110@11°3
Mantlet: 100@round°3
Turret Sides 452
45@25°3
Turret Rear 452
45@25°3
Turret Top 162
16@84-90°3
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach HL 230 P302,3
Maybach HL 2104
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP  
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) ZF 7 gearbox4
7 forward, 1 reverse.2,3
Steering Clutch and brake4
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity

730 liters2

Road consumption 100 km/412 liters
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hydraulic.3
Speed - Road 46 kph3, 55 kph2
Speed - Cross Country 24 kph
Range - Road 177 km, 200 km2,3
Range - Cross Country 89 km, 100 km2
Turning radius 8.7 m2, 10 m
Elevation limits -8° to +18°3
Fording depth 1.9 m2, 1.91 m, 1.7 m
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle 0.91 m
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Torsion bar2
Wheels each side 8x22
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 650 mm, 660 mm2
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread Rubber2
Dished with solid rubber.
Track centers/tread 2.62 m

Sources:

  1. Battle Winning Tanks, Aircraft & Warships of World War II, David Miller, 2000
  2. Panzer Truppen The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1943-1945, Thomas L. Jentz, 1996
  3. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  4. AFV #10 Panzerkampfwagen V Panther, Chris Ellis and Peter Chamberlain
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site