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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Panzerkampfwagen IV Ausf J; PzKpfw IV Ausf J; SdKfz 161/2 medium tank

Photos

Forces of Valor
95051:
Forces of Valor 1/72 Scale Armor, 95051 German PzKpfw IV Ausf J

Design

142 of the chassis were used for the Brummbär and 278 for the Panzer IV/70(A). Auxiliary engine removed and (turret could only be hand cranked) replaced by extra 44 gallon fuel tank. All vision ports deleted except gunners. Nähverteidigungswaffe was added as a smoke discharger and close defense. Steel road wheels, vertical exhaust mufflers, and hull sides extended beyond the front hull plate were changes made during production. Return rollers reduced to 3 on later models. Side skirt on many vehicles was heavy gauge steel mesh.

Starting in the Summer of 1944 a new wider Ostkette (Eastern Track) was installed to allow for better performance in snow and ice. Other models were also retrofitted with them.

Usage

These were furnished to Bulgaria, Croatia, Finland, Hungary, Italy, Rumania, Spain, and Turkey.

Specifications

  Panzerkampfwagen IV Ausf J
Crew Commander, gunner, loader, driver, radio operator
5
Radio FuG5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 25 tons
25,401 kg
Length w/gun 23', 23' 3", 23.33'
7.02 m
Length w/o gun 5.89 m
19' 4"
Height 8.9', 8' 9.5"
2.68 m
Width 10' 9.5", 11'
2.88 m
Width with skirts 3.29 m
Ground clearance 1' 3"
Ground contact length 3.52 m
Ground pressure 0.89 kg/cm2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 75 mm KwK 40 L/48
75 mm
75 mm L/48
Secondary  
MG 2: 7.92 mm MG
2: 7.92 mm MG34
2: MG
MG - coaxial 7.92 mm MG34
MG - hull 7.92 mm MG34
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 87; 87 HEAT, smoke, APCR, APCBC, HE; 87 Pzgr, Spgr + Nebel
Secondary  
MG 3,150, 3,150 Patr SmK
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 10 - 50
Hull Front, Upper 80, 80@8°
Hull Front, Lower 25
80@15°
Hull Sides, Upper 30+5, 30@0°
Hull Sides, Lower 30@0°
Hull Rear 20@10°
Hull Top 12@85°-90°, 16
Hull Bottom 10@90°
Turret Front 50, 50@10°
Mantlet: 50@0°-30°
Turret Sides 30@25°
Turret Rear 30@15°
Turret Top 18@86° & 26@90°
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach HL 120 TRM112
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Capacity  
Cylinders  
Net HP  
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) ZF SSG 77, Synchromesh
6 forward, 1 reverse.
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity 680 liters
126 gallons, 150 gallons
Road consumption 100 km/235 liters
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hand.
Speed - Road 23.5 mph, 23.6 mph, 25 mph
38 kph
Speed - Cross Country 11 mph
16 kph
Range - Road 186 miles, 200 miles
300 km, 320 km, 322 km
Range - Cross Country 111.8 miles, 131 miles,
180 km, 210 km
Turning radius 5.92 m
Elevation limits -11° to +21°
-8° to +20°
Fording depth 1.2 m
3'
Trench crossing 2.35 m
9'
Vertical obstacle 60 cm
2' 6"
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Leaf springs
Wheels each side 8x2
Return rollers each side 3x2
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 1' 3.75"
40 cm , 56 cm
Width - Ostketten 1' 10"
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 8' 9"
2.62 m

Sources:

  1. German Tanks of World War II, Dr. S. Hart & Dr. R. Hart, 1998
  2. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  3. Panzer Truppen The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1943-1945, Thomas L. Jentz, 1996
  4. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  5. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  6. Airfix Magazine Guide #8 German Tanks of World War 2, Terry Gande and Peter Chamberlain, 1975
  7. World War I and II Tanks, George Forty, 2012
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