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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's BW/6; Panzerkampfwagen IV Ausf E; PzKpfw IV Ausf E; SdKfz 161 medium tank

Design

Appeared late in 1939. New cupola, segmental shutters, new driver visor, new simpler sprocket, exhaust fan installed in turret roof, and the turret rear was made from one bent piece of armor. Based on the battle experience in Poland additional armor was added to the front and sides of the hull. On late production models access flaps were fitted with a single hinge instead of two.

Usage

40 PzKpfw IV Ausf Ds & PzKpfw IV Ausf Es were sent to North Africa with the 5th and 8th Panzer Regiments.

Specifications

  Panzerkampfwagen IV Ausf E
Crew Commander, gunner, loader, driver, radio operator
5
Radio

FuG5

Physical Characteristics  
Weight 46,297 lb
21 tons, 22 tons
Length 19' 5.25"
5.92 m, 5.91 m
Height 8' 8.5"
2.68 m
Width 9' 4"
2.83 m, 2.84 m, 2.86 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 0.4 m
Ground contact length 3.52 m
Ground pressure 0.91 (kg/cm2)
11.81 psi
Turret ring diameter 1.65 m
Armament  
Main 75 mm KwK 37 L/24
75 mm L/24
75 mm KwK L/24
Secondary  
MG 2: MGs
2: 7.92 mm MG34
MG - coaxial 7.92 mm MG34
MG - hull 7.92 mm MG34
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 80
80 Pzgr, Sprgr+Nebel
Secondary  
MG 2,700, 3,150, 2,400 Patr SmK
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) Front: 30, 50
Hull Front, Upper 50
30+30@7°
Hull Front, Lower 50@15°
Hull Sides, Upper 20+20
20+20@0°
Hull Sides, Lower 20+20@0°
Hull Rear 20
20@15° & 10°
Hull Top 10-11
12@84°-90°
Hull Bottom 10
10@90°
Turret Front 35-30
30@10°
mantlet: 30@round
Mantlet: 35@0°-29°
Turret Sides 20
20@24°
Turret Rear 20
20@14°
Turret Top 10
10@83°-90°
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach HL 120 TRM
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP  
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Synchromesh, ZF SSG 76
6 forward, 1 reverse
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity 105 gallons
470 liters
Road consumption 100 km/235 liters
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°, electric.
Speed - Road 40 kph, 42 kph
21 mph, 25 mph
Speed - Cross Country 20 kph
Range - Road 200 km, 210 km
125 miles
Range - Cross Country 130 km
Turning radius 5.92 m
Elevation limits -11° to +21°
-8° to +20°
Fording depth 0.8 m, 1 m
2' 7.5"
Trench crossing 7' 7"
2.3 m
Vertical obstacle 60 cm
2'
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Leaf springs
Wheels each side 8x2
Return rollers each side 4x2
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 15.75"
380 mm
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 2.39 m

Sources:

  1. German Tanks of World War II, Dr. S. Hart & Dr. R. Hart, 1998
  2. Panzer Truppen The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1933-1942, Thomas L. Jentz, 1996
  3. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  4. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  5. Panzers At War, Michael and Gladys Green, 2005
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site