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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's BW/1; Panzerkampfwagen IV Ausf A; PzKpfw IV Ausf A; SdKfz 161; medium tank

Design

An auxiliary engine provided power to the turret. There were numerous vision slits and the commander had a drum cupola with 8 vision slits. The driver's plate superstructure was further forward. This allowed the driver to see to the right.

Round Velocity Angle Penetration
1,094 yards / 1,000 m
APC 1,260'/sec 30° 1.4"
35 mm

Usage

The first 35 arrived in 1936 and were used for training and trials.

Saw action in Poland, Norway, and France. Removed from front line units in early 1941. Used for training.

Specifications

  Panzerkampfwagen IV Ausf A
Crew Commander, gunner, loader, driver, radio operator
5
Radio FuG5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 39,683 lb
17.3 tons, 18 tons, 18.4 tons
Length 18.4', 18' 4.5", 18' 8", 18.7'
5.6 m, 5.7 m, 5.92 m
Height 8.6', 8.7 m, 8' 8.5"
2.65 m, 2.59 m, 2.68 m
Width 9.3', 9' 6", 9' 8"
2.83 m, 2.85 m, 2.9 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 0.4 m
Ground contact length 3.52 m
Ground pressure 9.67 psi
0.68 (kg/cm2)
Turret ring diameter 1.65 m
Armament  
Main 75 mm KwK 37 L/24
75 mm L/24
75 mm
75 mm KwK L/24
Secondary  
MG 2: MGs
2: 7.92 mm MG34
MG - coaxial 7.92 mm MG
7.92 mm MG34
MG - hull 7.92 mm MG
7.92 mm MG34
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 122, 80
122 Pzgr, Sprgr+Nebel
Secondary  
MG 2,000, 3,000
3,000 Patr SmK
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 8 - 30, 20
Hull: 14.5
Turret: 20
Hull Front, Upper 14.5
15@7°
Hull Front, Lower 15@12°
Hull Sides, Upper 14.5
15@0°
Hull Sides, Lower 15@0°
Hull Rear 14.5
15@10°
Hull Top 10-11
12@85°-90°
Hull Bottom 8
5@90°
Turret Front 14.5, 20
15@10°
Mantlet: 15@round
Turret Sides 14.5
15@25°
Turret Rear 14.5
15@0°-25°
Turret Top 10
10@83°-90°
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach HL 108TR
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water
Cylinders V-12, 12
Capacity  
Net HP 250
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Synchromesh, ZF SFG 75
5 forward, 1 reverse.
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity 105 gallons
470 liters
Road consumption 100 km/313 liters
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°, electric.
Speed - Road 18.5 mph, 19.3 mph
30 kph, 31 kph, 32 kph
Speed - Cross Country 17 kph
Range - Road 87 miles
140 km, 150 km, 210 km
Range - Cross Country 56 miles
90 km, 100 km, 130 km
Turning radius 5.92 m
Elevation limits -11° to +21°
-19° to +30°
-10° to +30°
Fording depth 0.8 m
Trench crossing 2.3 m
Vertical obstacle 0.6 m
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Leaf springs
Wheels each side 8x2
Return rollers each side 4x2
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 15.75"
380 mm
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 2.39 m

Sources:

  1. German Tanks of World War II, Dr. S. Hart & Dr. R. Hart, 1998
  2. Panzer Truppen The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1933-1942, Thomas L. Jentz, 1996
  3. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  4. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  5. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  6. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  7. Panzers At War, Michael and Gladys Green, 2005
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site