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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's 9/ZW; Panzerkampfwagen III Ausf L; PzKpfw III Ausf L; SdKfz 141 medium tank

Photos

Admiral Toys
72001:
Admiral Toys 1/72 Diecast Armor 72001, German PzKpfw III Ausf L

Admiral Toys
72004:
Admiral Toys 1/72 Diecast Armor 72004, Germany's PzKpfw III Ausf M

Design

Early in the production, the hull escape hatches, loader's vision port on the gun mantlet, and turret side ports were deleted. Other changes were enlarging the radiator access hatches, making a single piece engine access hatch, and air intakes mounted parallel to vehicle's center line. The guns recoil was changed to torsion bar instead of coil, which caused the number of rounds carried to be reduced.6 Additional 20 mm spaced plates were welded in place to turret shield and driver's plate.6 A system to transfer heated engine coolant from one vehicle to another was developed.

There was originally an order for 1,100 was reduced in June 1942 so that 450 75 mm KwK L/24 would be mounted and became the Ausf N.

Production

The PzKpfw III series production figures.

  • Chassis Numbers: 74101 - 760006

Variants

  • Panzerkampfwagen III Ausf L:
  • Panzerkampfwagen III Ausf L (Tp): Air intakes were placed inside engine compartment and special oil filters installed. Larger air inlets were installed with dust filters.

Usage

These were issued as replacements and helped formed Panzer regiments of 1st, 2nd, 3rd SS Panzergrenadier Divisions and the Panzergrenadier Division Grossdeutschland.

Tropical version that was used in North Africa.

Specifications

  Panzerkampfwagen III Ausf L, SdKfz 141/1
Crew Commander, gunner, loader, driver, radio operator
52,3,4,5
Radio FuG53
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 27,557 lb, 49,163 lb, 49,200 lb
21.95 tons5, 22.7 tons2,3, 22.3 tons, 25.4 tons4
Length w/gun 20' 7", 21'5, 21' 1"
6.28 m3, 6.41 m, 6.15 m2
Length w/o gun 17.75'4, 17' 8", 18' 1"5
5.52 m
Height 8.2'4, 8' 2.5", 8' 3"5
2.5 m2,3, 2.51 m
Width 9.5'4, 9' 8"5, 9' 8.25"
2.95 m3, 2.97 m2
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 1' 2", 15.4"4
0.41 m, 0.38 m2
Ground contact length

112.5"4

2.86 m

Ground pressure 13.5 psi, 14.4 psi4
1.02 (kg/cm2)2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 50 mm KwK 39 L/603,4,5,6
1: 50 mm L/602
Secondary  
MG 2: MGs2
2: 7.92 mm MG343
MG - coaxial 1: MG5
1: 7.92 mm MG344
MG - bow MG5
7.92 mm MG344
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 781,4,6, 842, 92 Pzgr & Spgr3
Secondary  
MG 2,700, 3,7502, 4,9504, 4,950 Patr SmK3
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 18 - 50+204, 505, 576
Front: 2"+0.8"4
Side: 1.2"4
Hull Front, Upper 50+202 50+20@9°3
Hull Front, Lower 50@21°3
Hull Sides, Upper 302
30@0°3
Hull Sides, Lower 30@0°3
Hull Rear 502
50@9°3 & 17°3
Hull Top 162
18@79°-90°3
Hull Bottom 152
16@90°3
Turret Front 2.24"+0.8"4
50+202
57@15°3
Mantlet: 50+20@0°-45°3
Turret Sides 1.2"4
302
30@25°3
Turret Rear 302
30@12°3
Turret Top 102
10@83°-90°3
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach5, Maybach HL 120 TRM2,3,4
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water4
Cylinders V-124
Capacity  
Net HP 3005, 300@3,000 rpm4
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio 6.5:14
Transmission (Type) ZF SSG 77, Synchromesh
6 forward, 1 reverse.2,3,4
Synchromesh4
Steering Clutch brake4
Steering ratio  
Starter Electric and inertia4
Electrical system Starting: 24-Volt4
Lighting: 12-Volt4
Ignition Magneto4
Fuel (Type)  
Octane Gasoline4
Quantity 85 gallons4
320 liters2
Road consumption 1.5 mpg4
100 km/183 liters
Cross country consumption 0.62 mpg4
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hand.3,4
Speed - Road 24.9 mph, 25 mph5, 28 mph4
40 kph2,3
Speed - Cross Country 11 mph4, 11.2 mph
19 kph
Range - Road 90 miles4, 93 miles, 109 miles, 124 miles5
145 km2, 155 km3, 175 km
Range - Cross Country 53 miles4
85 km2
Turning radius 5.8 m
Elevation limits -10° to +20°3
Fording depth 31.5"4, 2' 8"
0.8 m2
Trench crossing 7.2'4, 8' 6"
2.59 m
Vertical obstacle 23.6"4, 2'
0.60 m
Climbing ability 30° (57%) slope4
Suspension (Type) Torsion bar4
Wheels each side 64, 6x22
Return rollers each side 34
Tracks (Type) Dry pin4
Length  
Width 15.75"4
0.4 m2
Diameter  
Number of links 924
Pitch 4.9"4
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 6.9'4
2.51 m

Sources:

  1. Panzer Truppen The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1933-1942, Thomas L. Jentz, 1996
  2. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999-
  3. German Tanks of World War II, Dr. S. Hart & Dr. R. Hart, 1998-
  4. Tank Data, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, 1968?
  5. German Tanks and Armoured Vehicles 1914 - 1945, B. T. White, 1966
  6. AFV #2: Panzerkampfwagen III, Walter Spielberger
  7. World War I and II Tanks, George Forty, 2012
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site