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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's PzKpfw II Flammpanzer Ausf A & B, SdKfz 122

Design

The PzKpfw II Ausf D and PzKpfw II Ausf E were converted to having two remote controlled flame throwers placed on the front track covers. The commander controlled the flame throwers via an electronic panel. There was also a machine gun for self defense.

Fuel for flame-throwers was installed in armored tanks behinds small turrets. A triple smoke generator was placed behind the tanks. Range was about 35 yards/ 40 yards and could fire approximately 80 2-3 second bursts (carried 84.5 gallons of fuel).

Production

A contract for 90 was issued by Inspectorate 6 of the Weapons Department to MAN and Wegmann on January 21, 1939. The first 16 were ready on July 19, 1940.

Usage

Was deployed in Panzerabteilungen in June 1941 as close support vehicles.

Specifications

  Panzerkampfwagen II Flammpanzer Ausf A, Ausf B
Crew 2, 3
Radio FuG2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 10 tons, 11 tons, 12 tons
Length 15' 5"
4.9 m
Height 6' 9"
1.85 m
Width 7' 5"
2.4 m
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 2: Flammenwerfer-Anlagen
2: Flame guns
Secondary  
MG 7.92 mm MG34
1: MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 225 gallons
320 liters
Secondary  
MG 1,800, 2,000
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 14 - 30
Hull Front, Upper 30@9°
Hull Front, Lower 30@9°
Hull Sides, Upper 14.5-25@0° & 15@0°
Hull Sides, Lower 14.5@0°
Hull Rear 14.5@15° & 14.5@0°
Hull Top 10@79-90°
Hull Bottom 5@90°
Turret Front 30@0°
Turret Sides 20@21°
Turret Rear 20@30°
Turret Top 10@84-90°
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach HL 62 TRM
Maybach HL TR
Cylinders 6
Net HP 140@2,600 rpm
Power to weight ratio 14 HP/ton
Transmission (type) Synchromesh SS948
6 forward, 1 reverse
7 forward, 3 reverse
Steering Clutch and brake
Fuel (type)  
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse Flamm: 180°
MG: 360°
Speed - Road 35 mph
55 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 125 miles
250 km
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits 10° to 20°
MG: -10° to +10°
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  2. Tanks - Over 250 of the World's Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles, Chris Chant, 2004
  3. Airfix Magazine Guide #8 German Tanks of World War 2, Terry Gande and Peter Chamberlain, 1975
  4. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  5. Profile, AFV Weapons #55, German Self-Propelled Weapons, Peter Chamberlain, H. L. Doyle, 1973
  6. AFV #15 Panzerkampfwagen I & II, Major-General N. W. Duncan
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site