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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Panzerkampfwagen II Ausf D; PzKpfw II Ausf D light tank

Design

Daimler-Benz received contracts in 1938 to equip Germany's four light divisions with PzKpfw IIs.5

The hull was a scaled down version of the hull being used in the PzKpfw III that Daimler-Benz was also producing.5

In 1939, the German Army converted 90 (956) of them to Flammpanzer II Flamingo flamethrower tanks.5

Four road wheels mounted on torsion bars on each side.6,11

Suspension

The tracks and the torsion bar suspension were new.4,5,8

Production

  • Panzerkampfwagen II Ausf D: 432, 2505
    • Production: 1938 - ?2,10, 1938 - 19395, 1938 - May 1942, May 1938 - August 19392
    • Manufacturer: Daimler-Benz9,10,11, MAN2

Variants

  • PzKpfw II Ausf D:
  • Bergepanzer: Armored recovery.10

Specifications

  Panzerkampfwagen II Ausf D
Crew Commander (gunner), radio operator, driver
32,3,4,11
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 10 tons2,3,9,11, 11 tons1
Length 15' 2.7"9, 15.48'3, 15' 5"11
4.64 m9, 4.65 m2
Height 6.75'3, 6' 7.5"9, 6' 9"11
2.02 m9, 2.06 m2
Width 7.48'3, 7' 5"11, 7' 6.5"9
2.3 m2,9
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 0.29 m, 0.34 m1
Ground contact length 2.2 m
Ground pressure 0.8 (kg/cm2)1
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 20 mm KwK 309
20 mm KwK 30 L/552
20 mm1,3,11
OR 20 mm KwK 389
Secondary  
MG 1: 7.92 mm MG9
1: 7.92 mm MG342
MG1,3,11
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 180 Pzgr & Sprgr2
1801,9,11
Secondary  
MG 1,4251,9,11, 2,2502
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 10 - 303, 14 - 3011, 3010
Hull Front, Upper 301,9
35, 30@9°2
Hull Front, Lower 30@9°2
Hull Sides, Upper 14.51,9
14.5@0°2
Hull Sides, Lower 14.5@0°2
Hull Rear 14.51,9
14.5@20°2 & 14.5@0°2
Hull Top 10-121
10@90-79°2
Hull Bottom 51
5@90°2
Turret Front 151, 309
14.5 round2
Mantlet: 16 round2
Turret Sides 14.51
14.5@22°2
Turret Rear 14.51
14.5@22°2
Turret Top 101
10@76-90°2
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach HL 62 TRM1,2
Maybach HL TR11
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders 611
Capacity  
Net HP 1409, 140@2,600 rpm11
Power to weight ratio 14 HP/ton11
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Synchromesh SSG 4611
6 forward, 1 reverse11
7 forward, 1 reverse1,2
Steering Clutch and brake11
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Capacity 200 liters1
Road consumption 100 liters per 100 km
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hand2
Speed - Road 34 mph4,7,8,9, 35 mph3,5,6,11
55 kph1,2,4,7,8,9, 56 kph5
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 124 miles9, 125 miles11
200 km1,2,9
Range - Cross Country 80.7 miles9
130 km1,9
Turning radius  
Elevation limits -9.5° to +20°2
Fording depth 0.85 m
0.9 m1
Trench crossing 1.75 m
Vertical obstacle 42 cm
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Christie10, Torsion Bar4
Wheels each side 410,11, 8, 4x21
Return rollers each side 011
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Track width 11.8"9
0.30 m1,9
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 75.6"9
1.92 m9

Sources:

  1. Panzer Truppen The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1933-1942, Thomas L. Jentz, 1996
  2. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  3. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  4. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  5. German Tanks of World War II, Dr. S. Hart & Dr. R. Hart, 1998
  6. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  7. Panzers At War, Michael and Gladys Green, 2005
  8. Tanks - Over 250 of the World's Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles, Chris Chant, 2004
  9. Airfix Magazine Guide #8 German Tanks of World War 2, Terry Gande and Peter Chamberlain, 1975
  10. German Tanks and Armoured Vehicles 1914 - 1945, B. T. White, 1966
  11. AFV #15 Panzerkampfwagen I & II, Major-General N. W. Duncan
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