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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's 5/LaS 100; Panzerkampfwagen II Ausf B; PzKpfw II Ausf B light tank

Design

Minor modifications.4

Commander's observation capabilities were improved.5

Driver sat on left and had access hatch in the front glacis plate. He had 3 vision ports in the front. Radio operator had seat on floor at rear of fighting compartment and had a vision port in the rear. The commander's seat was suspended from the turret wall and rotated with turret. Turret roof started with a split hatch then had a cupola with 8 episcopes. Turret was hand traversed. In 1940 20 mm plates were bolted to hull and turret, and 15 mm plates to gun mantlet.

Production

  • Panzerkampfwagen II Ausf B: 1935: 1,1131, 1,200
    • Production, 1935 - ?, 1937 - 19384, March 1937 - April 19401
    • Manufacturer: MAN1, Daimler-Benz1, Henschel1, Wegmann1, Alkett1, MIAG1, FAMO1

Usage

During Russian campaign some had French 37 mm SA 38 installed in place of 20 mm.

Specifications

  Panzerkampfwagen II Ausf B
Crew Commander (gunner), radio operator, driver
31,2,3,8
Radio FuG51
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 8.9 tons1, 9.5 tons8
Length 16'2,8
4.81 m1
Height 6' 9"2,8
1.99 m1
Width 7.08'2, 7' 7"8
2.22 m1
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 11.3 psi
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 20 mm KwK 30 L/551
20 mm2,3,8
Secondary  
MG 7.92 mm MG341
MG2,8
MG - coaxial 7.92 mm MG3
7.92 mm MG34
Side arms Smoke candles
Quantity  
Main 1808
Secondary  
MG 1,4258
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 10 - 302,8
Hull Front, Upper 14.5, 14.5@9°1
Hull Front, Lower 14.5@9°, 14.5 round1
Hull Sides, Upper 14.5@22°, 14.5@0°1
Hull Sides, Lower 14.5@0°1
Hull Rear 14.5@22°, 14.5@9°1 & 14.5@6°1
Hull Top 10@81-90°1
Hull Bottom 14.5@73-63°1 & 5@90°1
Turret Front 14.5 round1
Turret Sides 14.5@22°1
Turret Rear 14.5@22°1
Turret Top 10@88-90°, 10@86-90°1
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach HL 62 TR1
Maybach HL TR8
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders 68
Capacity  
Net HP 1403,7, 140@2,600 rpm8
Power to weight ratio 14.7 HP/ton8
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Synchromesh8
6 forward, 1 reverse1,8
Steering Epicyclic8
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity 45 gallons
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hand1
Speed - Road 25 mph5,6,8
40 kph1,6
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 100 miles8, 125 miles6
200 km1,6
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits -9.5° to +20°1
Fording depth 2' 10", 3'
Trench crossing 5' 9", 5' 8"
Vertical obstacle 1' 5"
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Quarter elliptic leaf spring
Leaf springs6
Wheels each side 56
Return rollers each side 46
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  2. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. German Tanks of World War II, Dr. S. Hart & Dr. R. Hart, 1998
  5. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  6. Panzers At War, Michael and Gladys Green, 2005
  7. Tanks - Over 250 of the World's Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles, Chris Chant, 2004
  8. AFV #15 Panzerkampfwagen I & II, Major-General N. W. Duncan
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site