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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's SdKfz 8 schwerer Zugkraftwagen 12t half track

Photos

8.8cm Flak 18 auf Selbstfahrlafette Zugkraftwagen 12t:
Germany's 8.8cm Flak 18 auf Selbstfahrlafette Zugkraftwagen 12t
Bundesarchiv, Koblenz

Design

The SdKfz 8 was the first of the artillery tractors to be designed and manufactured. It paved the way for the designs of other artillery tractors that were to follow.

The SdKfz 8 was used to pull:

Production

Produced primarily at the Daimler-Benz factory in Berlin-Marienfelde and the Kruppwerke at Mülhausen. Some were produced at Skodawerke at Pilsen.

  • SdKfz 8 schwerer Zugkraftwagen 12t:
    • Production: ? - 1944
      • ? - 1942: 1,615
    • Manufacturer: Daimler-Benz at Berlin-Marienfelde, Kruppwerke at Mülhausen, Skodawerke at Pilsen
  • 8.8cm Flak 18 auf Selbstfahrlafette Zugkraftwagen 12t: 1, 10
    • Production: 1939, 1940
    • Manufacturer: Krupp, FAMO
  • HK 1601: 3 prototypes, 30
    • Production: 1941

Variants

  • SdKfz 8 schwerer Zugkraftwagen 12t:
  • 8.8cm Flak 18 auf Selbstfahrlafette Zugkraftwagen 12t: One model had an 88 FlaK 18 AA gun mounted on it and used in France in 1940. There was some armor at the front to help protect the crew.
  • HK 1601: Prototype of combining the SdKfz 8 and the SdKfz 9. Thirty were used on the Eastern Front.

Usage

Czechoslovakian Usage After World War II

The Czechoslovakian Army used the SdKfz 8s into the 1960.

Specifications

  SdKfz 8
Crew 13
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 33,069 lb
15,000 kg
Weight - empty 12,150 kg
Weight - loaded 14,700 kg
Length 24' 1.4"
7.35 m
Height 9' 2.6"
2.77 m, 2.81 m
Width 8' 2.4"
2.5 m
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure (psi)  
Armament  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Superstructure Front  
Superstructure Sides  
Superstructure Rear  
Superstructure Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach HL85
Cylinders 12
Net HP 185
Transmission  
Fuel type Gasoline
Octane  
Capacity (gallons)  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 31.7 mph
51 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type) Wheels: Trans leaf spring
Tracks: Torsion bar
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  
  8.8cm Flak 18 auf Selbstfahrlafette Zugkraftwagen 12t,
88 mm FlaK18(Sfl)
Crew 9
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 20 tons
Weight - empty  
Weight - loaded  
Length 7.35 m
Height 2.8 m
Width 2.5 m
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure (psi)  
Armament  
Main 88 mm FlaK18 L/56
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 40
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 14.5
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 14.5
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 8
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Superstructure Front 14.5
Gun Shield: 10@10°
Superstructure Sides 14.5
Superstructure Rear 8
Superstructure Top Open
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach HL85TUKRM
Cylinders  
Net HP  
Transmission 4x2 forward, 1x2 reverse.
Fuel type  
Octane  
Capacity (gallons)  
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hand.
Speed - Road 50 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 260 km
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits -3° to +85°
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  2. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  3. Halbkettenfahrzeuge, German Half-Track Vehicles 1939-1945, J. Williamson, 1972
  4. Profile, AFV Weapons #55, German Self-Propelled Weapons, Peter Chamberlain, H.L. Doyle, 1973
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site