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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's SdKfz 11 leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t half track

Photos

SdKfz 11/2 leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t:
Germany's SdKfz 11/2 leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t
Imperial War Museum - MH9782

SdKfz 11 leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t:
Germany's SdKfz 11 leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t
Imperial War Museum - MH10053

Design

The SdKfz 11's primary use was to be an artillery tractor that would tow one of the following1,3:

Towards end of war they ended up towing larger guns than designed to do such as the 88 mm Pak 43 and 88 mm Pak 43/41.1

Simplified For Production

Wood replaced the metal superstructures in later vehicles when materials became scarce.1

Prototype

The first prototype was available in 1934.1,3 After several changes the SdKfz 11 went into full production in 1939.3

Production

  • SdKfz 11 leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t:
    • Production: 1939 - 19453
    • Manufacturer: Hansa-Lloyd1, Goliath1, Hanomag of Hanover1, Auto-Union at Chemnitz1

Variants

  • SdKfz 11 leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t:
  • SdKfz 11/1 leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t, SdKfz 11/4 leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t: Had smoke generating equipment installed.1
  • SdKfz 11/2 leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t, SdKfz 11/3 leichter Zugkraftwagen 3t: Chemical warfare decontamination equipment.1,3

Usage

The Luftwaffe used the SdKfz 11 to tow the 3.7 cm Flak 36 and 3.7 cm Flak 37.1

Specifications

  SdKfz 11
Crew 91,3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 15,620 lb3, 15,653 lb1
7,100 kg1,3
Weight - empty 5,650 kg2
Weight - loaded 7,200 kg2
Length 17' 11.7"1,3
5.48 m1,3, 5.55 m2
Height 5' 3.8"1,3
1.62 m1,3, 2.15 m2
Width 5' 11.7"1,3
1.82 m1,3, 2 m2
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure (psi)  
Armament None3
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 8 - 143
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Engine (Make / Model) Maybach NL 381, Maybach HL422
Cylinders 61
Net HP 1001,2
Transmission  
Fuel type Gasoline1
Octane  
Capacity (gallons) 26
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 33 mph1,3
52.5 kph2, 53 kph1,3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 76 miles1,3
122 km1,3
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth 2' 5.5"3
0.75 m3
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle 6' 6.7"3
2 m3
Suspension (Type) Wheels: Trans leaf spring2
Tracks: Torsion bar2
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  2. Halbkettenfahrzeuge, German Half-Track Vehicles 1939-1945, J. Williamson, 1972
  3. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site