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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Maschinengewehrkraftwagen, M.G. Kw Kfz 13, Funkkraftwagen, Kfz 14 armored car
Nickname: badewannen "bath tubs"

Photos

Maschinengewehrkraftwagen Kfz 13 and Kfz 14 armored cars:
Germany's Maschinengewehrkraftwagen Kfz 13 and Kfz 14 armored cars
Aberdeen Tank Museum

Design

The German Heer (Army) had issued requirements for a light four wheeled armored car in the early 1930s.

Daimler-Benz developed a standard 4x2 car chassis that had an armored body added. The superstructures were produced by Deutsche Edelstahl.

Maschinengewehrkraftwagen means machine gun truck.

The Kfz 13 had poor cross country capabilities as it only had two wheel drive and a high center of gravity.

Chassis

The chassis of the Alter Standard 6 passenger car was used.

Body

The body had an open top and was made from all welded construction.

Engine

The engine and a 4 speed gear box were mounted in the front.

Crew

The driver was at the front and the commander was behind him.

Armament

The machine gun had a limited field of fire to the front. The machine gun had a small shield.

Production

  • Kfz 13: 147, 150
    • Production: 1932 - 1934, 1932-1941, 1933, late 1933
    • Manufacturer: Daimler-Benz, Alder
  • Kfz 14: 40
    • Production: 1932 - 1934, 1932 - 1941
    • Manufactured by: Daimler-Benz

Variants

  • M.G.-Kraftwagen, Kfz 13: Machine gun carrier. Had a shield for the machine gun.
  • Funkkraftwagen, Kfz 14: Radio car with frame aerial and long range radio. The aerial could be folded down when not in use. The range of the radio was around 20 miles.

Usage

Typically a section of Kfz 13s would operate with a Kfz 14.

Early War Use

The Kfz 13s and Kfz 14s were used in Poland, the low countries, and France. Some were still being used in non-motorized infantry units during the invasion of the Soviet Union.

Specifications

  Kfz 13
Crew Commander, driver
2,3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 4,850 lb
2.1 tons, 2.2 tons, 2.215 tons, 2.3 tons, 2.5 tons
2,235.2 kg, 2,250 kg
Length 13' 8", 13' 9", 13' 9.4", 14'
4.17 m, 4.2 m
Height 4' 9", 4' 11", 5'
1.45 m, 1.46 m, 1.5 m
Width 5' 6", 5' 6.9", 5' 7", 6' 8"
1.68 m, 1.7 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 7 1/8"
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: MG
1: 0.312" MG13
1: MG 13
1: 7.92 mm MG13
1: 7.92 mm MG
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 1,000, 2,000
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 8
Hull Front, Upper 0.4"@0°, 8@40°
Hull Front, Lower 8@22°
Hull Sides, Upper 0.4"@0°, 8@15°
Hull Sides, Lower 8@5°
Hull Rear 0.4"@0°, 8@22°
Hull Top Open
Hull Bottom None
Turret Front MG shield: 8@35°
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Alder, Adler 65, Adler Standard 6, Horch
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water
Cylinders 6
Capacity  
Net HP 59.2, 60, 60@2,406 rpm
Power to weight ratio 26.7 HP/ton
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 3 forward, 1 reverse
4 forward, 1 reverse
Steering Front wheels only
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline, Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity 18.5 gallons
Road consumption 9.4 mpg
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°, hand.
Speed - Road 31 mph, 35 mph, 37.3 mph, 44 mph
60 kph, 70 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 135 miles, 150 miles, 186 miles, 199 miles
300 km, 320 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius 48' 8"
Elevation limits -35° to +65°
Fording depth 1' 8"
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability 15° slope
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Wheels (Type)  
Wheel arrangement 2 x 4
Tire size 6.75 x 18
Wheel centers 56"
Wheel base 112"
  Kfz 14
Crew 3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 2.1 tons, 2.2 tons
2,235.2 kg
Length 13' 8"
4.17 m, 4.2 m
Height 4' 9"
1.45m, 1.46 m
Width 5' 6"
1.68 m, 1.7 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 8
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Alder, Adler Standard 6
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders 6
Capacity  
Net HP 60
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 4 forward, 1 reverse
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 44 mph
70 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 186 miles
300 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Wheels (Type)  
Wheel arrangement  
Tire size  
Wheel centers  
Wheel base  
  Kfz 13 and Kfz 14
Crew  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 2.22 tons
Length 13' 9"
Height 4' 11"
Width 5' 7"
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 8
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Alder
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP 60
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 31 mph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 155 miles
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Wheels (Type)  
Wheel arrangement  
Tire size  
Wheel centers  
Wheel base  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  3. Tank Data 2, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, E. J. Hoffschmidt and W. H. Tantum IV, 1969
  4. World Encyclopedia of Armored Fighting Vehicles, Jack Livesey, 2006
  5. German Tanks and Armoured Vehicles 1914 - 1945, B. T. White, 1966
  6. Profile AFV Weapons #33, German Armoured Cars, Major General N. W. Duncan, 1971
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site