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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Nürnberg cruiser

Photos

KMS Nürnberg in 1935:
KMS Nürnberg in July 1934 with the KMS Königsberg
Bundesarchiv, DVM-10-BILD-23-63-63

Design

On March 16, 1933, the Kreuzer F was ordered and would become the Nürnberg. She was very similar to the Leipzig, but had additional armor and the bridge and funnel layout were slightly different.

Aircraft

The aircraft were launched from a single catapult.

Engines

The diesel engine was intended to be used for cruising, but could be used in combination with the turbines.

Ships

Nürnberg

  • Manufacturer: Deutsche Werke at Kiel
  • November 4, 1933, 1934: Laid down.
  • December 6, 1934, December 8, 1934: Launched.
  • November 1935, November 2, 1935: Completed. Became flagship of Befehlshaber der Aufklarungsstreitkräfte (Scouting Forces).
  • April 9, 1935: Became flagship of Befehlshaber der Aufklarungsstreitkräfte (Scouting Forces).
  • April 14, 1935: Sailed to Tenerife and Lisbon.
  • May 8, 1935: Returned to Kiel.
  • Spring 1936: Foreign cruise.
  • 1936: Non Intervention Patrol around Spain.
  • August - December 8, 1936, August 19 - October 9 and November - December 8, 1936: Member of Spanish Civil War patrol.
  • January - February 1937: Refit.
  • March - August 1937, April 24 - May 19 and June 17 - August 1937: Member of Spanish Civil War patrol.
  • September 27 - November 20, 1937: Refit at Deutsche Werke in Kiel.
  • March - June 1938: Refit.
  • June 29, 1938: Sailed to Norway.
  • August 1939: Participated in attempt to prevent Polish ships from leaving Baltic.
  • September 1939, September 3 - 20, 1939: Minelaying in North Sea.
  • November - December 1939, November 12 and 17, 1939: Escorted returning minelaying destroyers.
  • December 13, 1939: Hit by torpedo in bow from HMS Salmon.
  • December 1939 - April 1940: Repairs.
  • June 1940: Aft torpedo tubes removed.
  • June 10 - July 28, 1940: Sailed to Norway. Didn't see any combat.
  • June 14 - 19, 1940: Operation "Nora." Escorted troopship with 3rd Mountain Division from Trondheim to Elvegardsmoen and returned with paratroopers.
  • 1941 - 1942, February 7, 1941, February 15, 1941: Became training ship.
  • June 1941: Member of Baltenflotte. Aft torpedo tubes removed.
  • January - August 1942: Refit at Kiel. Aircraft equipment removed. A 37 mm twin mount, a 20 mm single mount, and two 20 mm quad mounts added.
  • November 11, 1942 - May 1943, December 2, 1942: Stationed in Norway.
  • 1944 - 1945, May 1943 - December 1944: Member of Training Squadron.
  • 1944: Torpedo tubes removed.
  • January 1945: Sailed to Copenhagen.

Usage

Except for brief service in Norway, the Nürnberg was mostly used as a training ship during World War II.

 

Specifications

  Nürnberg
Crew 896
Men: 508
Officers: 26
Crew - Flagship Men: +66
Officers: +17
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 6,000 tons, 6,520 tons, 6,980 tons, 7,150 tons
Displacement - Loaded 8,380 tons, 8,971 tons, 9,040 tons
Length 593' 9", 594' 10", 603'
181 m, 181.3 m
Length - Water Line 557' 6", 557' 9"
170 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars 557' 9", 558'
Beam 53' 6", 53' 10", 54'
16.4 m
Draft / Height 14' 6", 16' 1", 16' 6"
4.75 m, 4.9 m, 5 m
Draft / Height - Maximum 21'
5.79 m, 6.4 m
Performance  
Speed 32 knots
Speed - Center Shaft (diesel) 16.5 knots, 18 knots
Range at 13 knots 2,400 nautical miles
Range at 15 knots 3,280 nautical miles
Range at 19 knots 5,700 nautical miles
Range at 21 knots 2,260 nautical miles
Range at 27 knots 1,700 nautical miles
Range at 29.9 knots 922 nautical miles
Armament 5.9" L/50: 9
5.9" triple turrets: 3
5.9", 1.5 cm 8K C/25 triple turrets: 3
15 cm L/60 C28 triple turrets: 3
Anti-Aircraft 8.8 cm L/76 twin mounts: 4
3.5": 8
3.5" twin mounts: 4, 5
3 pdr: 8
37 mm twin mounts: 4
37 mm L/83 C30 twin mounts: 4
20 mm: 4
20 mm C30: 8
Machine guns: 4
Anti-Aircraft - 1944 40 mm: 2
37 mm twin mounts: 4
20 mm quad mounts: 2
20 mm twin mounts: 10
20 mm: 1
Torpedo Tubes 21", 53.3 cm: 4 tubes each on 3 mounts
Aircraft 2
Armor  
Belt - Main 0.75" - 6", 2" - 4", 3" - 4"
1.8 cm - 5 cm
Control Tower 1.25" - 4", 3"
6 cm
Deck 0.75"
2 cm - 2.5 cm
Turrets 0.75" - 3.25", 2"
2 cm - 8 cm
Engines  
Boilers Marine: 6
Navy: 8
Engines Diesel
MAN diesel
MAN 7 cylinder diesel
Shafts 2, 3
Shafts - Diesel 1
Turbines Geared
Krupp SR geared
Parsons geared
HP 60,000, 66,000
HP - Diesel 12,000, 12,400
Diesel 255 tons, 348 tons
Oil 1,055 tons, 1,152 tons

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. German Warships of World War II, J. C. Taylor, 1966
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  4. German Light Cruisers of World War II, Gerhard Koop, Klaus-Peter Schmolke, 2002
  5. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site