World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
German Balkenkreuz

Germany's M class cruisers

Design

Initial design work started in May 1936 for the M class light cruisers. They were intended to be used for hunting merchant ships in the oceans.

Orders for the M through P were placed on May 24, 1938. The Q and R were ordered on August 8, 1939. There was however a shortage os slips to construct the ships. The M was placed in the slip that formerly held the Graf Zeppelin.

Z Plan

The M class fell under the Z Plan that would massively rearm the German Navy and they were to be completed between 1942 and 1947.

Once World War II started it was realized that there were other priorities and they were cancelled on September 19, 1939.

Aircraft

There would have been one catapult to launch the aircraft.

Armament

  Shell Weight Rate of Fire Range Elevation
15 cm Sk C/28       40°

Engines

The M and N were to have Deschimag AG boilers, Brown-Boverie turbines, and MAN diesels.

The O and P were to have Germania boilers and turbines, and MAN diesels.

The turbines would drive the outer shafts and the diesels would drive the middle shaft. All could be run to attain maximum speed.

Ships

M

  • Manufacturer: Deutsche Werke in Kiel, Wilhelmshaven Dock Yard
  • November 1, 1938: Laid down.
  • September 19, 1939: Cancelled.
  • 1941 - 1943, 1942 or 1943: Broken up.

N

  • Manufacturer: Deutsche Werke in Kiel, Marinewerft in Wilhelmshaven
  • 1938: Laid down.
  • September 19, 1939: Cancelled.
  • 1941 - 1943: Broken up.

O

  • Manufacturer: Germania Werft in Kiel, Krupp in Germania
  • March 10, 1939: Laid down.
  • September 19, 1939: Cancelled.
  • 1941 - 1943, 1942 or 1943: Broken up.

P

  • Manufacturer: Germania Werft in Kiel, Krupp in Germania
  • September 19, 1939: Cancelled.

Q

  • Manufacturer: Schichau in Danzig
  • September 19, 1939: Cancelled.

R

  • Manufacturer: Deutsche Werke in Kiel

Specifications

  M class
Crew 920
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 7,800 tons
Displacement - Loaded 10,400 tons
Length 600' 3", 600' 4"
183 m
Length - Water Line 580', 583' 9", 584'
178 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 55' 6", 55' 9"
17 m
Draft / Height 17' 9", 19' 6"
5.4 m, 5.42 m
Draft / Height - Maximum 24'
7.3 m
Performance  
Speed 35.5 knots
Range at 19 knots 8,000 nautical miles
Armament 5.9" twin turrets: 4
5.9", 15 cm Sk C/28 twin turrets: 4
15 cm L/55 C28 twin turrets: 4
Anti-Aircraft 4.1" twin mounts: 2
8.8 cm L/76 twin mounts: 2
3.5" twin mounts: 2
37 mm twin mounts: 4
37 mm L/83 C33 twin mounts: 4
20 mm: 4
Torpedo Tubes 21": 4 tubes in each of 2 mounts
53.3 cm: 2 tubes in each of 4 mounts
Aircraft 2
Mines 160
Armor  
Belt - Main 1.25" - 2"
3 cm - 5 cm
Control Tower 0.75" - 4"
2 cm - 10 cm
Deck 0.75" - 1.25"
2 cm - 3.5 cm
Turrets 0.75" - 3.25"
2 cm - 8 cm
Engines  
Boilers Wagner: 4
Engines MAN diesel
MAN 12 cylinder diesel: 4
Shafts 3
Turbines Geared
Wagner geared
Wagner SR
HP 100,000
HP - Diesel 16,500
Diesel 520 tons
Oil 1,080 tons

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. German Warships of World War II, J. C. Taylor, 1966
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site