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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's P Class Battlecruisers

Design

Design work started in 1937.2 These were added to the Z-Plan construction plans.1,2

Ships

O

  • Manufacturer: Germania Werft at Kiel1

P

  • Manufacturer: Wilhelmshaven Dock Yard1

Q

  • Manufacturer: Deutsche Werke at Kiel1
  • August 8, 1939: Ordered.2

Usage

The P class ships were to be used as long range raiders but were never constructed.2

Specifications

  P Class
Crew 1,9001, 1,9652
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 30,500 tons2, 32,300 tons1
Displacement - Loaded 35,720 tons2
Length 841' 6"2
256.5 m2
Length - Water Line 800'1, 807'2
246 m2
Beam 98'1, 98' 5"2
30 m2
Draft / Height 23'1, 31' 6"2
9.6 m2
Draft / Height - Maximum 34' 6"2
11.2 m2
Performance  
Speed 33.4 knots2, 33.5 knots1
Speed - Diesel only 27 knots2
Range at 19 knots 14,000 nautical miles1
Armament 15" twin turrets: 31
38 cm L/47 C34 twin turrets: 32
5.9" twin turrets: 31
15 cm L/48 twin turrets: 32
Anti-Aircraft 4.1" twin mounts: 41
10.5 cm L/65 C33 twin mounts: 42
37 mm twin mounts: 41
37 mm L/83 C33 twin mounts: 42
20 mm: 201
20 mm C38: 202
Torpedo Tubes 53.3 cm: 62
Aircraft 41,2
Armor  
Belt 4" - 7"2
Bulkhead - Torpedo 1.75"2
Deck 2"2
Deck - Armored 3"2
Turrets - Main 2" - 8.25"2
Turrets - Secondary 5.5"2
Engines Diesel1
MAN 24 cylinder diesel: 82
Boilers Wagner: 42
Shafts 32
Shafts - outer - Diesel 21
Shafts - center - Turbine 11
Turbines Geared1
Brown-Boveri geared2
HP 176,0002
HP - Diesel 110,0001, 116,0002
HP - Turbine 60,0001

Sources:

  1. German Warships of World War II, J. C. Taylor, 1966
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site