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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's Seydlitz light aircraft carrier

Design

The Seydlitz was originally a Hipper class heavy cruiser that was ordered to be converted into a carrier by Adolf Hitler.1,2,3 It had been about 90% done when conversion was ordered.2

The superstructure and turrets removed.2 The B and C turrets were installed near Lorient.2

Aircraft

There were two catapults to launch aircraft.1 The aircraft that were to be used were the Bf 109T and Ju 87C.3

Ships

Seydlitz

  • Conversion Manufacturer: Deschimag3, Deschimag in Bremen2, Deschimag Yard in Bremen1
  • December 29, 1936: Laid down.2,3
  • January 19, 1939: Launched.2,3
  • August 26, 1942: Adolf Hitler ordered conversion.2
  • January 30, 1943, early 19433: Cancelled.1,3
  • 1943: Towed to Königsberg.2
  • April 10, 1945: Scuttled.2

Specifications

  Seydlitz
Crew  
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 17,139 tons1, 18,000 tons2,3
Length 711' 11"2,3
217 m1,2,3
Length - Water Line 654' 6"2,3
199.5 m2,3
Beam 105'2
32 m2
Beam - Hull 70' 6"3
21.5 m3
Draft / Height 22'3, 25' 11"2
6.71 m3
Draft / Height - Maximum 25' 11"3
7.9 m2,3
Flight deck 197 m x 30 m1
hangar 148 m x 18 m1
Performance  
Speed 32 knots1,2,3
Range at 18 knots 5,500 nautical miles3
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 4.1"3, 10.5 cm twin mounts1, 10.5 cm L/50 C33 twin mounts2: 51,2,3
37 mm3, 37 mm twin mounts1, 37 mm L/83 C39 twin mounts2: 42, 101,3
20 mm2,3, 20 mm quad mounts1: 241,2,3
Aircraft 183
BF 109G: 102, 10 - 121
Ju 87D: 81,2
Armor  
Belt 1.25"2, 3.5"3
Deck 1.5"3
Engines  
Boilers Wagner: 122,3
Shafts 31,2,3
Turbines Deschimag2, Deschimag geared3
Steam1
HP 130,0002,3, 132,0001
Oil 4,250 tons1,3

Sources:

  1. Heavy Cruisers of the Admiral Hipper Class, Gerhard Koop, Klaus-Peter Schmolke, 2001
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. The World's Aircraft Carriers 1914 - 1945, Roger Chesneau, 1986
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site