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German Balkenkreuz

Germany's 8-cm schwere Granatwerfer 34,
8-cm sGrW 34

It was a redesign of the Brandt mle 27/31 made by Rheinmetall-Börsig AG.1

Training

Some of the success of the 8-cm sGrW 34 was due to the extensive training that the mortar men received.1 They were able to get it in and out of action quickly and by using plotting boards and other aids could get maximum accuracy.1

Design

It was a relatively simple design and was well made.1 It could be broken down into three loads for carrying.1 Additional men were needed to carry the ammunition.1

There was a special version used in the SdKfz 250/7.1

Ammunition

There were many types of rounds available for the 8-cm sGrW 34.1

  • HE1
  • Smoke1
  • Illuminating1
  • Target marking1
  • Bouncing bomb (8-cm Wurfgranate 39), went back up into air after hitting ground1

kurzer Granatwerfer 42,
Stummelwerfer

Had a shorter barrel and was used by airborne forces.1 It was issued from 1942 on, but primarily became the replacement for the 5-cm leGrW 36.1

It's range was about half of the full sized model.1

  8-cm sGrW 34
Caliber 3.2"1
81.4 mm1
Length of gun 45"1
1.143 m1
Length of bore 40.67"1
1.033 m1
Rifling  
Length of rifling  
Weight traveling  
Weight in action 125 lb1
56.7 kg1
Elevation +40° to +90°1
Traverse 9° to 15° depending on elevation1
Muzzle Velocity  
Range of shell 2,625 yards1
2,400 m1
Shell weight 7.72 lb1
3.5 kg1
Armor penetration  
Breech mechanism  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, 1998, Chris Bishop
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site