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German Balkenkreuz

3.7-cm Pak 35/36

Pak is short for Panzerabwehrkanone.1

Rheinmetall started to design an anti-tank gun for the army in 1925 and started to produce it in 1928.1 At the time it was a very advanced design as the German army was still primarily horse drawn.1

It had a sloped shield, round split-trail legs, and a long barrel.1

Production was accelerated in 1934 after the NSDAP came to power.1 Starting in 1934 the wheels were solid and had pneumatic tires.1

First Action

Some were sent to Spain in 1936 and fought in the Spanish Civil War.1 It was well liked and could handle most of the armor that saw action.1

Showing It's Age

During the invasion of france in 1940, it started to show it's limitations when it went up against the better armored French and British tanks.1

By 1941 there were 15,000 produced.2

No Match

Once the Pak 35/36 met the T-34/76 in Russia in 1941, it was completely obsolete.1 Some attempts to use stick bombs, to extend it's life, that went over the muzzle weren't at all useful in combat.1

Foreign Use

It was copied by the Japanese and designated the Type 97.1 Italy received some and designated them the Cannone contracarro da 37/45.1,2 The Netherlands called them the 37-mm Rheinmetall.1,2 Russia called them the M30.1

  3.7-cm Pak 35/36
Caliber 1.46"1,2
37 mm1,2
Length of gun 5' 5.5"1,2
1.665 m1,2
Length of bore  
Length of rifling 4' 3.5"1
1.308 m1
Weight traveling 952 lb2, 970 lb1
432kg2, 440 kg1
Weight in action 723 lb1,2
328 kg1,2
Elevation -8° to +25°1,2
Traverse 59°1, 60°2
Muzzle Velocity AP: 2,495'/sec1, 3,379'/sec2
AP: 750 m/sec1, 1,030 m/sec2
Range of shell 410 yards2, 7,655 yards1
375 m2, 7,000 m1
Shell weight AP: 12.5 oz2, 0.78 lb1
AP: 0354 kg1,2
Armor penetration 1.48" @ 30° at 400 yards1
38 mm @ 30° at 365 m1
Breech mechanism  


  1. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, 1998, Chris Bishop
  2. Artillery of World War II, Chris Chant, 2001
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site